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31 Aug 2018 description

Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.

15 Aug 2018 description

This paper explores the building of sustainable resilience for food security and livelihood dynamics using the Ethiopia Rural Household Survey panel data. Household resilience scores are derived from measures taken to protect against shocks. The impact of several demographic and socio-economic factors on resilience dynamics is then tested. This paper shows that the experience of resilience in the past leads to a subsequent higher chance of continuing to be resilient (‘true state-dependence’).

31 Jul 2018 description

Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away.

19 Jul 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 6,810 displaced individuals comprising 1,613 households in 32 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region*. These figures represent a decrease of 78 in the total individuals (-1.13%) an increase of 138 households (+9.36%) and an increase of 7 sites (+28.00%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 56.25% sites opened in 2017 and 3.1% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 75% of the displaced population.

19 Jul 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 13,477 displaced individuals comprising 2,695 households in 15 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region*. These figures represent a increase of 1,200 in the total individuals (+9.77%) an increase of 242 households (+9.87%) and an increase of 4 sites (+36.36%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 26.67% sites opened in 2017 and 20.0% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.

19 Jul 2018 description

Somali REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

873,666 displaced individuals comprising 142,014 households in 362 displacement sites were identified in Somali region*. These figures represent an increase of 109,521 in the total individuals (+14.33%) an increase of 14,715 households (+11.56%) and an increase of 15 sites (+4.32%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 65.19% sites opened in 2017 and 5.80% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 57% of the displaced population.

19 Jul 2018 description

TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 30,374 displaced individuals comprising 10,994 households in 81 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 262 in the total individuals (+0.87%) an increase of 102 households (+0.94%) and an increase of 3 sites (+3.85%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 9.88% sites opened in 2017 and 18.52% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 95% of the displaced population.

19 Jul 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,401 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in Afar region*. These figures represent a decrease of 2,974 in the total number of individuals (-5.28%) a decrease of 494 households (-5.25%) and an decrease of 2 sites (-3.57%) since round 10 (March/April 2018). 20.37% sites opened in 2017. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.

19 Jul 2018 description

OROMIA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

777,047 displaced individuals comprising 126,777 households in 459 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region*. These figures represent an increase of 55,740 in the total individuals (+7.73%) an increase of 8,550 households (+7.23%) and an increase of 39 sites (+9.29%) since round 10 (March/ April 2018). 71.68% sites opened in 2017 and 13.3% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 81% of the displaced population.

13 Jul 2018 description

A comprehensive response to energy needs and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) within Ethiopia’s refugee population

Working to bring together a broad range of stakeholders committed to safeguarding refugees from protection risks, a comprehensive multi-sector approach; to be prototyped in Ethiopia’s Gambella Region, aims to further access to energy solutions for cooking, and the adoption of coordinated mitigation and response interventions in instances of SGBV amongst the South Sudanese refugee population.

05 Jul 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch

Summary

Jail Ogaden is unthinkable. From the moment you are put there until the moment you are released, you do not know if you are alive or dead. You are tortured and humiliated day and night, you are starved, [and] you can’t sleep because there’s so many people. —42-year-old Mohamed who spent five years without charge in Jail Ogaden, August 2017

26 Jun 2018 description

There were several critical developments in Africa in the week of June 17th.

22 Jun 2018 description

Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.

12 Jun 2018 description

Key developments in Africa on the week of June 3rd include the fragile situation in Ethiopia, where political and economic reforms are endangered by ethnic violence; the heavy campaign led by Al Shabaab during the Ramadan month in Somalia; the continued violence in CAR’s Bambari area and in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado region; and other relevant events across the continent.

16 May 2018 description

KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 721,307 displaced individuals comprising 118,227 households in 420 displacement sites were identified in OROMIA region*. These figures represent a decrease of 56,358 in the total individuals (-7.25%), a decrease of 8,693 households (-6.85%) and an increase of 2 sites (+0.48%) since round 9 (January/ February 2018). 79.76% sites opened in 2017 and 4.0% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 80% of the displaced population.

16 May 2018 description

KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 30,112 displaced individuals comprising 10,892 households in 78 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region. These figures represent an increase of 7,624 in the total individuals (+33.90%) an increase of 2,951 households (+37.16%) and 18 sites (+30.00%) since round 9 (January/February 2018). 73% sites opened before 2017, 10% sites opened in 2017 and 17% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 95% of the displaced population.

16 May 2018 description

KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 12,277 displaced individuals comprising 2,453 households in 11 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region. These figures represent a decrease of 10,632 in the total individuals (-46.41%) a decrease of 2,129 households (-46.46%) and a decrease of 6 sites (-35.29%) since round 9 (January/February 2018). 36.36% sites opened in 2017 but no sites opened in 2018. Conflict was reported as the primary cause of displacement for all IDPs.