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20 Nov 2018 description
report World Vision

Key messages

Internal conflicts on the increase: At least 9 million people have been displaced within their borders as a result of inter-communal conflict and violence. This has been most notable in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. This makes conflict, the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.

19 Nov 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • The killing of four government officials in late September in Benishangul-Gumuz Region aggravated already existing ethnic tensions resulting in a large-scale intercommunal conflict displacing approximately 200,000 people along the Benishangul-Gumuz-Oromia border.

  • A polio vaccination campaign was successfully conducted in five zones of the Somali region between 23-26 September, reaching 486,816 children under 5 years of age.

15 Nov 2018 description

As pastoral and some agricultural areas cope with poor rainfall, conflict also drives needs in other areas

KEY MESSAGES

• Southeastern pastoral areas continue to recover from drought in 2016 and 2017, while northern pastoral Afar experienced poor rainfall throughout 2018. These areas will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through at least May 2019. Localized areas that saw poor 2018 Belg and/or Kiremt seasonal performance will also experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.

14 Nov 2018 description

Highlights
- Access constraints continue to prevent humanitarian partners from reaching some 57,000 displaced persons who remained within Oda (15,000) and Kamashi (42,000) zones of Benishangul Gumuz region.

Figures
- Affected population: 7.95 m
- MAM: 370,000
- SAM: 416,000
- # of people displaced due to conflict: 2.2 m
- # of people displaced due to climatic shocks: 0.5 m

12 Nov 2018 description

2013
Camp opened in May 2013
1,333
Permanent shelters built
Community- based Structures in place: Refugee Central Committee, Women Association, Youth Association, Association of Persons with disability
44 %
Of the population is under the age of 18 out of which 17% are female
15,017
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 01 primary, 1 early, NO secondary, 01 YEP and 01 vocational training centre

OVERVIEW

12 Nov 2018 description

2008
Camp opened in 2008
2,529
Transitional shelters built
Community- based Structures in place
45%
Of the population is under the age of 18 of which 20% are female
17,825
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 2 primary, 1 early, 1 secondary, 1 YEP vocational centre

OVERVIEW

The Mai-Aini refugee camp was established in May 2008 to accommodate Eritrean refugees seeking international protection.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • In the first half of 2018, 37,188 refugees had been supported with cash for the purchase of laundry soap and kitchen sets and 12,000 women for dignity kits through Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) in Jijiga. 400 improved shelters were also constructed using cash.

  • UNHCR continues to support urban refugees in Addis Ababa with monthly cash assistance through a multi-purpose cash grant (MPCG). Through its partner NRC, UNHCR also continues to provide cash assistance to unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) in Shire.

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Every day, 13.2 million litres of water are supplied across the refugee-hosting regions in Ethiopia, representing an average per capita distribution of 19 litres of water per person per day (lppd).

  • 12 of the 26 refugee camps have achieved the minimum standard of 20 litres of water person per day (lppd); 11 camps receive between 15 and 20 lppd while 3 camps receive less than 15 lppd

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Ethiopia hosts 905,831 refugees and asylum seekers within its borders, including the 36,185 who arrived since the start of 2018.

  • The Government of Ethiopia has committed to address the concerns of refugees, including a pledge to grant local integration to those who have lived in the country for 20 years and above.

  • Resettlement remains the chief durable solution for refugees in Ethiopia, but limited quotas mean that only 3,240 refugees will be referred to resettlement countries in 2018.

HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • By the end of September 2018, there were a total of 22,885 refugees in the capital Addis Ababa, mainly from Eritrea, Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and refugees of other nationalities, including those from the Great Lakes region.

  • Of the total population, 868 are children, who either arrived alone (377 children) or were separated from their parents or relatives during flight (491 children).

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia were internally displaced due to internal conflicts and climate induced factors.

  • The Protection Cluster, Child Protection and GenderBased Violence Sub-Clusters operate at federal level as well as in SNNP, Oromia, Somali, and Gambella regions.

  • The Protection Cluster prioritized drought- and conflict-induced IDPs in 64 woredas for the protection response to make efficient use of resources through a holistic approach.

PROTECTION CLUSTER HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Refugee children are at greater risk than adults of violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect, including human trafficking or forced recruitment into armed groups

  • 54,715 refugee children in Ethiopia are unaccompanied or separated, with nearly 17% of all children in the refugee camps in Tigray region being separated from their primary caregivers

  • The Ethiopia National Child Protection Strategy (2017-2019) outlines six goals and intervention areas for Child Protection which UNHCR and partners are working towards.

05 Nov 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

05 Nov 2018 description
  • 13,745 children under the age of five were admitted in supplementary (9,368) and therapeutic (4,377) feeding and treated for acute malnutrition with a recovery rate of 87.8% and 90.0% for severe and moderate cases respectively

  • The average weight gain for severely malnourished children is 6.7 grammes per kilogram per day (g/kg/d)

  • Prevalence of global acute malnutrition in 13 out of 18 camps surveyed to date (72.2%) is below the WHO emergency threshold of 15%

HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • 167,695 refugees in Ethiopia are between the ages of 15-24, representing 18.5% of the registered refugee population in the country

  • 63,495 refugee youth are South Sudanese sheltered in camps in the Gambella region. They make up 38% of the youth refugee population in Ethiopia

  • In Pugnido camp, Gambella, a ‘Youth Peace Education Club’, comprising of young people from the host and refugee communities, work on initiatives aimed at fostering peaceful co-existence and peace-building

HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Out of 905,831 registered refugees in Ethiopia, 65,750 are in need of resettlement in 2018.

  • UNHCR Ethiopia’s resettlement submissions target for 2018 was 4,240 individuals to the USA, New Zealand, Sweden and Canada, which was revised downwards to 3,240 individuals.

  • To date, 2,136 refugees were referred to the RSC for onward submission to resettlement countries, 1,907 refugees have been submitted and 608 have departed.

HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • In 2018, more than 620,000 consultations were provided in primary health care centres while more than 27,000 refugees were counselled and tested for HIV

  • More than 2,900 patients were referred to secondary level health facilities for further diagnostics and treatment

  • More than 10,700 mothers delivered with the help of a skilled birth attendant

HIGHLIGHTS

04 Nov 2018 description

Operational updates

• According to the recently released 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.

• There are 2.9 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ethiopia, of whom over 1.6 million were displaced because of conflict and insecurity.

01 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Clashes in Addis Ababa, Jijiga town, and Kamashi Zone displace thousands of civilians

  • USAID staff assess humanitarian conditions and coordination structures in Gedeo, identifying challenges

  • USG provides more than $481.5 million for humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia in FY 2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

01 Nov 2018 description
report Oxfam

According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.