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31 Dec 2007 description

Introduction

1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.

31 Dec 2007 description
report UN News Service

United Nations officials are increasingly concerned about food security in Ethiopia's impoverished Somali region where conflict between Government forces and the Ogaden National Liberation Front has intensified this year.

The humanitarian situation in the region has been compounded by poor rains and the decreasing availability of pasture and water, while food prices are being pushed up by restrictions on the cross-border movement of goods, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

OCHA noted that there have been some reported cases of …

31 Dec 2007 description

IN THIS ISSUE

- DPPA and Organizations under its Umbrella Celebrated the Millennium

- Nutrition Assessment Conducted in Regions and Refugee Camps

- Major Disasters and Responses

- STOCK STATUS OF EFSRA AND LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE (MT)

Over 162,000 Quintals of Food Aid Dispatched to Somali Region

31 Dec 2007 description

Over 162,000 Quintals of Food Aid Dispatched to Somali Region

A total of 162,075.84 quintals of food aid was dispatched to assist the needy in Somali Region during the month of December.

According to a report from Logistics Administration and Transport Co-ordination Department, out of a total of 232,582 quintals of food allocated for the region, 162,075.84 had already been transported from Dire Dawa Central warehouse of the DPPA to be distributed among the needy.

The food aid had been sent to Degehabour, Fik, Gode, Korahe and warder zones of Somali Region.

31 Dec 2007 description
report CHF International

The consequences of the 2003 drought conditions that affected close to 14 million people severely impacted the ability of rural communities to respond and recover, despite improved humanitarian conditions. Ethiopia continues to suffer from the effects of this difficult situation today.

Since CHF International began working in Ethiopia in April 2004, we have established ourselves as a leader in mitigating chronic food insecurity and complex emergencies, by focusing on livelihood recovery and income generation.

31 Dec 2007 description

HIGHLIGHTS IN THIS ISSUE:

- REGIONAL OVERVIEW

-  UPCOMING & ONGOING MEETINGS

Focus on Ethiopia is produced by UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), in collaboration with other UN agencies and partner NGOs. Focus on Ethiopia provides a monthly overview of humanitarian trends and activities in Ethiopia, as well as focusing on particular issues of interest.

31 Dec 2007 description

Highlights (1)

- The DPPA-led multi-agency assessment team identified beneficiaries anticipated to face food and income gaps in the coming three to six months

- Tension has increased in Jijiga town.

Humanitarian Overview/context

The DPPA-led multi agency seasonal assessment reported that higher food deficits are anticipated in cropping areas compared to the pastoral areas due to poor performance of deyr rains.

The assessment also indicates that in areas where the rains have been poor, pastoralists have migrated to cope with water and pasture shortages.

31 Dec 2007 description


This report covers the period from 12/1/2007 to 12/31/2007

Ongoing restrictions on trade and movement, poor deyr (October to November) rains, locust infestations and limited humanitarian access to Warder, Korahe, Fik, Degehabur and Gode Zones have led to extreme levels of food insecurity (Figure 1). Unless humanitarian access and restrictions on trade and movement improve significantly, they could cause a humanitarian crisis among pastoral and agropastoral populations living in these areas as the dry season progresses.

31 Dec 2007 description

Earthquake Intensity Zones in Africa

This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.

27 Dec 2007 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background:

In countries where routine vital registration data are scarce, Demographic Surveillance Sites (DSS: locally defined populations under longitudinal surveillance for vital events and other characteristics) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS: periodic national cluster samples responding to cross-sectional surveys) have become standard approaches for gathering at least some data.

27 Dec 2007 description

On 26 December, 2007 at 3:30 hours, the Indian Battalion (Indbatt) Post and UN Military Observer Team Site located at Tsorena inside the Temporary Security Zone, Eritrea, heard firing sounds in the general direction of Gergera, southeast of Tsorena in the border area.

The Team Site and Indbatt post patrol could not go to the scene due to permanent restriction access to the area. UNMEE has been in contact with both parties - Eritrea and Ethiopia regarding the incident and both parties have recognised that the incident has occurred.

The Force is in the process of investigating the …

27 Dec 2007 description

NAIROBI, Dec 27 (Reuters) - The United Nations said on Thursday it was investigating an outbreak of gunfire on the volatile border between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

A statement from the U.N.

27 Dec 2007 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: The political and economic outlook for the Horn of Africa in 2008.

SIGNIFICANCE: The region in 2008 will continue to be one of the world's most active sites for emergency relief operations, international peace-keeping, and diplomatic efforts to broker and maintain peace.

24 Dec 2007 description
report IRIN

SANAA, 24 December 2007 (IRIN) - Dozens of African migrants, mostly from Somalia and Ethiopia, have died over the past few days while trying to reach Yemen's southern shores by boat, according to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).

The agency said over 100 Africans had drowned , and another 95 had gone missing and were feared dead in two separate incidents.

Mira Sabonji, a protection officer at the UNHCR office in Aden, told IRIN that a boat carrying 270 African migrants collided with a rock on 16 December off the Yemeni coast, killing dozens of the passengers.

24 Dec 2007 description

Amnesty International today condemned the convictions of two human rights defenders in Ethiopia on charges of provoking and preparing "outrages against the Constitution", saying that the two men are prisoners of conscience arrested solely for their peaceful human rights work. Both have been held in prison since November 2005.

Daniel Bekele and Netsanet Demissie were convicted today by a majority verdict of the Ethiopian Federal High Court after a trial of over two years. The presiding judge dissented from the guilty verdict passed by the other two judges.

23 Dec 2007 description

HIGHLIGHTS

- Disease outbreak Situations in Ethiopia

- Somali Humanitarian Response

- EHA Focal Point Annual Induction Briefing Meeting

I. GENERAL SITUATIONS

Disease Out-break Situations in Ethiopia

Acute Watery Diarrhea in Ethiopia

Cases of AWD epidemic has significantly decreased nationally. Currently 7 districts are reported active cases: 2 districts from Oromiya, Afar 2 and Somali 3.

There were 36 cases in week 50; 26 in week 49 and 11 in week 48.

21 Dec 2007 description

The Desert Locust situation has become more serious in Kenya and Ethiopia where new swarms have formed and are starting to move.

In Ethiopia, large infestations of hopper bands (wingless nymphs) are present in the southeast and east of the country, extending from the Ogaden in the north to the Kenyan border in the south. Most of the infestations are near Warder and Gode. New infestations have been detected further west towards the Rift Valley, in the south between Negele and Teltele, and near the Dawa River along the Kenyan border.

21 Dec 2007 description

This appeal seeks CHF 2,942,000 (USD 2,631,000 or EUR 1,783,000) to fund programmes to be implemented in 2008 and 2009.

In a world of global challenges, continued poverty, inequity, and increasing vulnerability to disasters and disease, the International Federation with its global network, works to accomplish its Global Agenda, partnering with local community and civil society to prevent and alleviate human suffering from disasters, diseases and public health emergencies.

Current context

According to the disaster risk index (1980-2000), the number of people killed by disasters per …

21 Dec 2007 description

Highlights (1)

- The food security situation is generally poor and in some areas critical. No crop production is expected from riverine and rain fed areas. Early migration of livestock has been reported.

- Locust infestation is affecting pasture in Gode, Warder, Korahe, Afder and Liben zones.

- UNHCR was asked to leave Gode and has redeployed staff to Jijiga.

Humanitarian Overview/context

The humanitarian situation in the region particularly in the deyr dependent areas of Degehabur, Korahe, Warder, Gode, Afder, Liben and Fik zones continues to be of great concern.