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20 Nov 2018 description
report World Vision

Key messages

Internal conflicts on the increase: At least 9 million people have been displaced within their borders as a result of inter-communal conflict and violence. This has been most notable in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. This makes conflict, the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Ethiopia hosts 905,831 refugees and asylum seekers within its borders, including the 36,185 who arrived since the start of 2018.

  • The Government of Ethiopia has committed to address the concerns of refugees, including a pledge to grant local integration to those who have lived in the country for 20 years and above.

  • Resettlement remains the chief durable solution for refugees in Ethiopia, but limited quotas mean that only 3,240 refugees will be referred to resettlement countries in 2018.

HIGHLIGHTS

05 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • By the end of September 2018, there were a total of 22,885 refugees in the capital Addis Ababa, mainly from Eritrea, Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and refugees of other nationalities, including those from the Great Lakes region.

  • Of the total population, 868 are children, who either arrived alone (377 children) or were separated from their parents or relatives during flight (491 children).

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Out of 905,831 registered refugees in Ethiopia, 65,750 are in need of resettlement in 2018.

  • UNHCR Ethiopia’s resettlement submissions target for 2018 was 4,240 individuals to the USA, New Zealand, Sweden and Canada, which was revised downwards to 3,240 individuals.

  • To date, 2,136 refugees were referred to the RSC for onward submission to resettlement countries, 1,907 refugees have been submitted and 608 have departed.

HIGHLIGHTS

04 Nov 2018 description

Operational updates

• According to the recently released 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.

• There are 2.9 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ethiopia, of whom over 1.6 million were displaced because of conflict and insecurity.

01 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Clashes in Addis Ababa, Jijiga town, and Kamashi Zone displace thousands of civilians

  • USAID staff assess humanitarian conditions and coordination structures in Gedeo, identifying challenges

  • USG provides more than $481.5 million for humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia in FY 2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

01 Nov 2018 description
report Oxfam

According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.

25 Oct 2018 description
report World Vision

Key messages

Humanitarian needs: At least 28 million people (more than half of them children) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Conflict, disease, acute food shortages, high inflation, and inadequate nutrition have left children and their families extremely vulnerable.

25 Oct 2018 description

$327.8 million UNHCR's financial requirements 2018

49% funded

22 Oct 2018 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Context Analysis

Somalia

  • 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
  • The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.

Ethiopia

16 Oct 2018 description

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

*Please note that the monthly population update is frozen until 18 January 2019 to allow for the smooth conduct of the ongoing L3 registration

Between January and August 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.

16 Oct 2018 description

UNHCR delivers lifesaving assistance to respond to the increased Eritrean influx following the reopening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Ethiopia is experiencing an increase in the number of internally displaced people. In total, over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia are currently internally displaced.

UNHCR enhances registration data and has frozen refugee figures as of 31 August 2018.
Hence all figures in this Operation Update are as of August 2018.

UNHCR delivers lifesaving aid to respond to the increased Eritrean influx

10 Oct 2018 description

$327.8 million UNHCR's financial requirements 2018

47% funded

05 Oct 2018 description

FACTS & FIGURES

928 000 refugees from South Sudan, Somalia & Eritrea (UNOCHA, IOM, UNHCR)

2.7 million people are displaced by conflict & drought

7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance

3.85 million people with acute malnutrition

EU humanitarian funding: €91.5 million in 2017

Introduction

22 Sep 2018 description

Addis Ababa, 19, September 2018: Four countries from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) signed a communique on polio eradication in Garissa, Kenya on 14th September 2018. The communique underscored the need to combine and strengthen the effort of Horn of Africa countries currently responding to an outbreak of poliovirus detected in environmental surveillance and human case samples from Somalia and Kenya. The polio outbreak has been classified as a Grade 2 Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

20 Sep 2018 description
  • Ethiopia made nine pledges to comprehensively respond to refugee needs and is formulating a National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS)

  • The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) was launched in Ethiopia in November 2017.

  • The Operating Plan for the refugee response in Ethiopia in 2018 is USD 327.8 million. This plan is currently funded at 21%.

Applying the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF)

1. Context

20 Sep 2018 description

Introduction

Ethiopia has a long standing history of hosting refugees. In 2004, a National Refugee Law was enacted based on the international and regional refugee conventions to which Ethiopia is a party. Currently, the country is host to some 905,800 refugees, the majority from South Sudan (46.6%), Somalia (28.4%), Eritrea (19.2%) and Sudan (4.9%). As conflicts are ongoing in neighbouring countries, refugees continue to enter Ethiopia on a daily basis, making it the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.