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- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
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- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 65 | 01-14 October 2018
In July, hostilities between armed groups and inter-communal fighting persisted in most of the country. In Western Bahr el Ghazal, fighting was reported between armed groups in Mboro and Bisellia in Wau County. Several IDPs from Wadhalele have arrived in Wau town. Civilians in Nagero were also displaced to Tambura town and Bazia in Western Bahr el Ghazal due to insecurity and conflict. In Central Equatoria an estimated number of 15,000 IDPs were reportedly displaced by conflict in Tore, Yei County. Thirty-seven civilians were abducted in Minyori Payam, Yei County.
In June 2018, thousands of people were forced to flee their homes due to hostilities in several parts of the Country. In Central Equatoria, about 20,700 IDPs were reported in Yei town- this follows fighting in several locations in Yei County and nearly 3,100 people were displaced from Kupera to Lainya following harassment and looting by armed elements. In Western Equatoria, some 18,500 IDPs were registered in Tambura; they fled fighting in Nagero, Nagero County.
In May 2018, tens of thousands of people were displaced as a result of continued clashes in several parts of Unity, including Mayom, Rubkona, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayendit. The people of Leer County suffered the worst of the fighting, with over 40,000 people reported to be displaced to the swampy areas of Meer, Pap, Kok, Dir and Toch-Riak. Partners continued to report the burning down of villages, looting, indiscriminate killings and sexual violence. In Central Equatoria, sporadic fighting was reported outside Yei town.
• UN Humanitarian Chief urges parties to cease hostilities, protect civilians and aid workers.
• Partners scale-up cholera prevention campaigns to mitigate the risk of outbreaks during the current rainy season.
• Detained aid workers released, NGO suspends operation due to insecurity.
• Armed groups release more than 200 children in Pibor.
• Over 20,000 South Sudanese have fled insecurity and hunger to Ethiopia as refugees since January 2018.
In April, renewed fighting in Mayom, Rubkona, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayendit counties in Unity led to displacement of thousands of civilians. Three villages were burnt down following clashes in and around Koch town, displacing over 7,000 people, while nearly 600 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) arrived in Nyal, Panyijiar County. In Jonglei, fighting was reported in Akobo, Nyirol and Uror counties where several civilians were killed and thousands displaced. At least 13,000 displaced people arrived in Guiy village, north-west of Motot following the fighting in Nyirol and Uror counties.
In March, partners in South Sudan continued to respond to health emergencies including an outbreak of Rift Valley fever, measles and a suspected outbreak of meningitis, in different parts of the country. The outbreak of Rift Valley fever continued to evolve in parts of Lakes, with a total of 40 cases and four related deaths reported in Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial. However, the suspected meningitis outbreak in Torit, Eastern Equatoria, first reported on 15 February 2018, started to decline, with only two suspected cases reported during March.
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2017: 7.6 M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2017: 6.2 M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF 2017: 5.4 M
In 2017, South Sudan’s conflict was in its fourth year, with civilians continuing to bear the brunt of a crisis marked by displacement, hunger and disease. Nearly 4.3 million people – one in three South Sudanese – have been displaced, including more than 1.8 million who are internally displaced and about 2.5 million who are in neighbouring countries. About 700,000 people left South Sudan in 2017.
In February 2018, Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) analysis estimated that in the worst case scenario, 6.3 million people, or 57 per cent of the population of South Sudan, would be severely food insecure from February to April 2018. In Unity, Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Central Equatoria, which are affected by recurring outbreaks of violent conflict and displacement, the proportion of people suffering from severe food insecurity ranges from 52 to 62 percent - more than half the states' combined population.
In January 2018, over 10,000 people fled their homes following clashes reported in multiple locations in Jonglei, including Yuai, Pultruk, Payai, Kuer-nyuon, Pieri, Waat and Walgak. Some crossed to Ethiopia, where 2,300 people registered as refugees in the Gambela region. There were several reports of people returning from displacement camps and refugee settlements in Uganda to locations in Central Equatoria, including Lainya, Kajo-keji, Morobo and Yei, as well as reports of movement from Sudan to Bentiu, Unity.
Nairobi, 1 February 2018
As prepared for delivery
It is impossible to overstate the suffering faced by the people of South Sudan. We are here today on their behalf - those who remain in the country, and those who have fled to nations in this region that have opened their borders in hospitality, including Kenya.
In December 2017, fighting between the government and the opposition forces was reported in Koch and Bieh (Unity), and in Raja (Western Bahr el Ghazal), displacing thousands of people. During the armed clashes on Raja-Wau road on 16 December, armed groups held six aid workers from two national and international agencies and displaced thousands of people from their homes to Wau town.
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand due to the compounding effects of widespread violence and the deteriorating economic situation.
In November, fighting between armed forces was reported in Yei, Kajo-Keji and Lainya County (Central Equatoria), Torit County (Eastern Equatoria), Mundri area (Western Equatoria), Ayod County (Jonglei), and Mayendit and Rubkona County (Unity). As a result, many civilians were displaced in different locations, including 17,300 in Kajo-Keji County, who were forced to flee IDP camps to other parts of Central Equatoria and Uganda. Intercommunal violence in Duk County (Jonglei), left 45 people dead and displaced over 2,000 people from Duk Payuel to Poktap.
In October, fighting between government and opposition forces was reported in Kajo-keji (Central Equatoria), Mundri and Maridi (Western Equatoria), Koch and Guit (Unity) forcing thousands of people to flee their homes. Due to clashes in Kajo-keji, over 17,000 displaced people in Keriwa, Ajio and Logo camps re-displaced to new locations and across the border to Uganda. According to health partners, the deadly tropical disease kala-azar had killed at least 52 people and sickened 2,447 in South Sudan.
An estimated 36.5 million people are facing crisis-level food insecurity and above (IPC Phase 3+) and need humanitarian assistance. This is a 18% increase compared to 30.9 million people one year ago. The main drivers include: repeated episodes of drought across the region; conflicts and insecurity; high staple food prices; and high refugee/IDPs movement across the region. The main areas of concern are: South Sudan; Burundi; southeastern Ethiopia; pastoral areas of Kenya, and parts of Somalia and DRC.
In September, fighting and insecurity continued to force civilians out of their homes, particularly in Unity and Upper Nile. Many of those had been displaced several times in recent months. In Unity, fighting and insecurity in Koch, Mayendit, and Rubkona counties forced the relocation of aid workers, suspension of food distribution and medical evacuation of civilians. In Upper Nile, fighting in and around Aburoc, on the western bank of the River Nile, on 11 September, reportedly led to civilian deaths, displacement and forced the temporary relocation of aid workers.
In August, the number of South Sudanese seeking refuge in neighboring countries reached the 2 million mark, the highest number of refugees since South Sudan gained independence in 2011. Of those, 1 million are in Uganda. In August, thousands fled fighting in Yei, Kajo-keji, Kapoeta North, Mundri West, Morobo and Maridi counties. More people also fled to Ethiopia and Sudan following clashes in Aburoc and Pagak in Upper Nile during the month.
In the first half of 2017, humanitarian needs in South Sudan continued to escalate. The crisis remained first and foremost a protection crisis. The number of people displaced rose to nearly 4 million—including 1.9 million internally displaced and more than 1.9 million refugees—following large-scale government offensives in Jonglei and Upper Nile, and insecurity in the Equatorias. The majority of those displaced were women and children.
• Insecurity and poor rains threaten harvests from the current cropping season.
• Food insecurity reported in Mvolo, many people surviving on wild food.
• Youth hard hit by the South Sudan violence and humanitarian crisis.
• Fighting and insecurity disrupt provision of humanitarian assistance and displace thousands in Upper Nile.
• Looting of humanitarian compounds and supplies increased in July.
In this issue
In July, fighting in the Greater Equatoria region and Upper Nile drove further population displacement. In Central Equatoria, government forces allegedly attacked a civilian settlement on the outskirts of Yei town, leaving many dead. More clashes were reported about five kilometres outside Yei town. Heavy fighting was also reported between opposition and government forces in Jalei, Kajo-keji County. In Western Equatoria, fighting between opposition and government forces was reported in Lanyi, Mundri West County, leaving dozens dead, including civilians.