Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Multi-million-dollar project to construct schools in refugee camps and host communities launched in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia Marks World AIDS Day with Optimism Following New Report on HIV Care and Treatment Progress
- In southern Ethiopia, herders join forces to revive rangelands
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
- WFP Ethiopia Country Brief, October 2018
6,700+ Refugees received relief packages across South Sudan during the reporting period.
7,900+ Refugees children and mothers received nutrition support in Upper Nile during the reporting period.
1,400+ Refugees and IDPs benefited from capacity building activities across South Sudan during the reporting period.
Achievements and Impact
17,400+ Refugees and IDPs received material support across South Sudan in October 2018.
2,200+ Assorted tree seedlings planted in Upper Nile in October 2018.
900+ Newly arrived refugees registered in October in South Sudan 2018.
Working with Partners in 2018
■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Increased conflict in the Greater Bahr el Ghazal (GBeG)1 region led to waves of displacement and the further deterioration of food security between April and June 2018.
Armed clashes in Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) State and the Greater Tonj area2 negatively impacted the ability of affected communities to meet primary needs and resulted in restricted humanitarian access to both areas. Meanwhile, environmental factors triggered severe food insecurity in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG) State.
Ongoing conflict in Jonglei continued to negatively affect humanitarian needs in the second quarter of 2018. The onset of the peak lean season saw deteriorating food security conditions in many locations across the state.
Clashes between armed actors and pervasive insecurity, particularly in the Greater Akobo area caused displacement among affected communities, negatively impacting the ability of populations to meet their primary needs.
In July, hostilities between armed groups and inter-communal fighting persisted in most of the country. In Western Bahr el Ghazal, fighting was reported between armed groups in Mboro and Bisellia in Wau County. Several IDPs from Wadhalele have arrived in Wau town. Civilians in Nagero were also displaced to Tambura town and Bazia in Western Bahr el Ghazal due to insecurity and conflict. In Central Equatoria an estimated number of 15,000 IDPs were reportedly displaced by conflict in Tore, Yei County. Thirty-seven civilians were abducted in Minyori Payam, Yei County.
In June 2018, thousands of people were forced to flee their homes due to hostilities in several parts of the Country. In Central Equatoria, about 20,700 IDPs were reported in Yei town- this follows fighting in several locations in Yei County and nearly 3,100 people were displaced from Kupera to Lainya following harassment and looting by armed elements. In Western Equatoria, some 18,500 IDPs were registered in Tambura; they fled fighting in Nagero, Nagero County.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
• UN Humanitarian Chief urges parties to cease hostilities, protect civilians and aid workers.
• Partners scale-up cholera prevention campaigns to mitigate the risk of outbreaks during the current rainy season.
• Detained aid workers released, NGO suspends operation due to insecurity.
• Armed groups release more than 200 children in Pibor.
• Over 20,000 South Sudanese have fled insecurity and hunger to Ethiopia as refugees since January 2018.
In March, partners in South Sudan continued to respond to health emergencies including an outbreak of Rift Valley fever, measles and a suspected outbreak of meningitis, in different parts of the country. The outbreak of Rift Valley fever continued to evolve in parts of Lakes, with a total of 40 cases and four related deaths reported in Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial. However, the suspected meningitis outbreak in Torit, Eastern Equatoria, first reported on 15 February 2018, started to decline, with only two suspected cases reported during March.
Overview of the South Sudan situation
People internally displaced and non- South Sudanese refugees in South Sudan*
South Sudanese refugees hosted in neighbouring countries**
Of South Sudanese refugees are women and children
Countries covered in this Appeal
*As of end December 2017: source HCT / UNHCR
**As of end December 2017: source UNHCR
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2017: 7.6 M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2017: 6.2 M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF 2017: 5.4 M
In 2017, South Sudan’s conflict was in its fourth year, with civilians continuing to bear the brunt of a crisis marked by displacement, hunger and disease. Nearly 4.3 million people – one in three South Sudanese – have been displaced, including more than 1.8 million who are internally displaced and about 2.5 million who are in neighbouring countries. About 700,000 people left South Sudan in 2017.
In February 2018, Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) analysis estimated that in the worst case scenario, 6.3 million people, or 57 per cent of the population of South Sudan, would be severely food insecure from February to April 2018. In Unity, Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Central Equatoria, which are affected by recurring outbreaks of violent conflict and displacement, the proportion of people suffering from severe food insecurity ranges from 52 to 62 percent - more than half the states' combined population.
In December 2017, fighting between the government and the opposition forces was reported in Koch and Bieh (Unity), and in Raja (Western Bahr el Ghazal), displacing thousands of people. During the armed clashes on Raja-Wau road on 16 December, armed groups held six aid workers from two national and international agencies and displaced thousands of people from their homes to Wau town.