Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia to vaccinate more than 1 million people against yellow fever
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Ethiopia - Round 13: September - October 2018
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, October 2018 to May 2019
NAIROBI, 5 September 2008 - Children, already casualties of the complex drought, food price and conflict crisis unfolding in the Horn of Africa, are suffering severe effects of the lack of food, water and medical care.
Three million children in the arid, marginalized region are at risk of death, disease or the long-term consequences of malnutrition. They comprise a large proportion of the more than 14 million people critically affected and the numbers are on an alarming upward trajectory.
Some experts are predicting that millions more children and families could be engulfed across …
Africa Report N°141 - 17 June 2008
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia's refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now disbanded Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission (EEBC), Asmara unilaterally implemented it and forced out the UN peacekeepers (UNMEE), significantly raising the stakes and shattering the status quo.
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 32 of my special report of 3 March 2008 on the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) (S/2008/145), in which I informed the Security Council of my intention to prepare a second special report providing options and recommendations for any future United Nations peacekeeping presence in Eritrea and Ethiopia.
1. On 21 January 2008, I addressed a letter to the President of the Security Council by which I brought to the attention of members of the Council the crisis facing the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) as a result of Eritrea's stoppage of all fuel supplies to the Mission since 1 December 2007.
Asmara, 26 February: Eritrean soldiers at a checkpoint near Senafe have blocked the passage of eight UNMEE vehicles in the past 24 hours. Senafe is located in Sector Centre of the Temporary Security Zone. The vehicles were travelling to Camp Dunn to collect equipment for temporary relocation to Asmara. Meanwhile, other relocation movements by peacekeepers and vehicles in Sectors West and East have proceeded without reported incidents.
Asmara, 25 February: UNMEE's regrouping of peacekeepers and equipment in Asmara continued without restrictions today. So far, seven out of 11 Team Sites in the Temporary Security Zone have been vacated and four out of 21 posts have been closed.
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1320 (2000) of 15 September 2000, and provides an update on developments in the Mission area since my previous report, dated 18 July 2007 (S/2007/440). The report also describes the activities of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
II. Situation in the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas
On 27 July 2007, 576 civilians were repatriated from Eritrea to Ethiopia under ICRC auspices. Among those repatriated were 13 unaccompanied minors who joined their families in Ethiopia. In addition, 11 civilians were repatriated from Ethiopia to Eritrea.
Acting in its capacity as a neutral and independent intermediary, the ICRC carried out the repatriation with the cooperation of the authorities on both sides of the border.
On 27 February, the Acting Special Representative of the Secretary General (ASRSG), Azouz Ennifar, briefed a group of Ambassadors accredited to Ethiopia from Africa, Europe and Asia on the recent progress report of the SG and the tenets of Resolution 1741 (2007), as well as on the current situation in the Mission area. Meanwhile, the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General (DSRSG), Lebohang Moleko, met with Eritrea's Commissioner for Coordination with the Peacekeeping, Col. Zecarias Ogbagaber.
General Overview of the Military Situation
The military situation in the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) and Adjacent Areas remained volatile and tense.
In Sector Centre, the Kenyan Deming Company (Kinder) cleared an area of 16,310 square metres inside the TSZ near Hawaiian road junction. MECHEM, also in Sector Centre, cleared 47,821 square metres near Geri Meekly inside the TSZ.
In Sector West, MECHEM cleared 5.8 kilometres and 12.4 kilometres inside the Adjacent Area near the vicinity of Sable and Leached respectively.
UNMEE briefed the "Friends of UNMEE" and members of the Security Council on the recently adopted resolution 1741 (2007), renewing the mandate.
The military situation in the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) and Adjacent Areas remained volatile and tense. Routine troop movements continue on both sides: In Sectors West, Centre, and Sub-Sector East.
The Eritrean ban on UNMEE flights is still in place and UNMEE patrols continue to face restrictions inside the TSZ, particularly in Sectors West and Centre.
UNMEE PUBLIC INFORMATION
On 30 January, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon left Addis Ababa for Nairobi, after addressing the 8th Ordinary Summit of the African Union (AU) and holding meetings with several Heads of State and Government officials as well as the President of the AU Commission.
The Security Council adopted Resolution 1741 (2007) extending UNMEE's mandate for a further six months until 31 July 2007.
UNMEE PUBLIC INFORMATION
The latest progress report of the Secretary-General on the situation Ethiopia/Eritrea (S/2007/33) was issued on 22 January. The Security Council is expected to decide the future status of the Mission before the current mandate expires on 31 January.
The military situation in the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) and Adjacent Areas (AA), which UNMEE continues to monitor from existing posts, remains volatile and tense.
Routine troop movements are still observed on both sides in Sector West, Sector Centre and Sub-Sector East.
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1320 (2000) of 15 September 2000 and provides an update on developments since my special report of 15 December 2006 (S/2006/992). The report also describes the activities of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), the current mandate of which expires on 31 January 2007.
II. Status of the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas and cooperation with the parties
The Security Council,
Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and statements pertaining to the situation between Ethiopia and Eritrea (hereinafter referred to as "the parties") and the requirements contained therein, including in particular resolutions 1320 of 15 September 2000, 1430 of 14 August 2002, 1466 of 14 March 2003, 1640 of 23 November 2005 and 1681 of 31 May 2006,
Stressing its unwavering commitment to the peace process, and to the full and expeditious implementation of the Algiers Agreements, and the importance of prompt implementation of the decision of the …
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1320 (2000) of 15 September 2000 and provides an update on the peace process since my report dated 6 March 2006 (S/2006/140). The report describes the activities of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), the current mandate of which expires on 30 September 2006.
II. Status of the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas, and cooperation with the parties
Further to a request from the Security Council, please find attached a copy of the letter dated 21 May 2006 addressed to me by Sir Elihu Lauterpacht providing a report on the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission's meeting of 17 May 2006 (see annex).
The Security Council,