Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- Ethiopia: Some 1,786 Displaced Persons Return Home
- Ethiopia: West Guji Zone - Ongoing Humanitarian Activities Overview (as of 15 Sep 2018)
By Yoel Alem
The Horn of Africa has become the source of much disturbing news. Mogadishu has become Africa's Baghdad. There is genocide in Darfur, there are bombings in Ethiopia, and there is unremitting repression in Eritrea.
Many independent observers trace the cause of these interlocking crises-or at least the intensity with which each now rages--to the Eritrea-Ethiopia border conflict. Yet the international community does little more to solve this festering problem than to give lip service to the need for a negotiated solution before saying no such solution is in sight.
What are the roots of the war?
Former allies and friends, the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments confounded the international community when they took up arms against each other in May, 1998. Their border dispute is only one aspect of a broader discord:
* Eritrea has adopted a centralized and multi-ethnic government and emphasizes self-sufficiency, while Ethiopia is a federal state, with a central government dominated by the Tigray ethnic group.
Boston, June 1 - Freweini Woldai, 30, fled her home on the southern border of Eritrea last week when it came under heavy Ethiopian bombardment. She walked for a week with her four young children, carrying an eighteen month child on her back and a three week old baby in her arms. She could not carry possessions, but received some food on the way from soldiers and villagers. When she finally reached a UN relief agency, she was weak from the recent birth and travel.
Boston, 25 May - A Boston-based humanitarian agency urged the U.S. to consider economic sanctions on Ethiopia unless it agrees to a ceasefire and withdraws from occupied Eritrean territory. Eritrea has agreed to withdraw from disputed border areas.
Boston, 23 May - As up to a million Eritreans are uprooted in the invasion of their country by Ethiopia, a Boston aid agency with historical links to the region has issued a call for the US government to take stronger action. The agency's Executive Director Kevin Murray wrote to the State Department, "We urge you to issue an immediate public condemnation of the Ethiopian invasion."
Boston, 18 May - Yesterday, the UN Security Council imposed an arms embargo on Eritrea and Ethiopia in hopes of dampening their border conflict. Unfortunately, this embargo will not stop the Ethiopian invasion and will have little immediate effect on the hundreds of thousands in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Grassroots International calls for economic sanctions on Ethiopia and immediate international mobilization of humanitarian aid to areas directly affected by the conflict.
On May 12, Ethiopia launched its long-predicted
offensive against Eritrea. Grassroots International calls for the UN Security
Council to sanction arms sales and suspend development assistance to Ethiopia
pending an end to the current aggression. Humanitarian assistance
must be exempt from these provisions, given the serious conditions in the
More than half a million Eritreans are fleeing their homes, as the Ethiopian army advances into their country. The sudden surge of people is overwhelming the capacities of Eritrean relief organizations. To support them, Grassroots International is launching an appeal for emergency aid for the affected areas.