Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Ethiopia - Round 13: September - October 2018
- Eritrea-Ethiopia peace leads to a refugee surge
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, October 2018 to May 2019
A centuries-long history of unity and separation continues to vex Ethiopia and Eritrea. Between May 1998 and June 2000, the two countries engaged in a border war in which tens of thousands of combatants were killed and some 650,000 civilians displaced.
During the 1998-2000 border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, more than 70,000 people died, 650,000 were displaced, and at least 70,000 individuals were deported, Ethiopians from Eritrea and Eritreans from Ethiopia. But these were not the only victims of the conflict.
Despite strong historic and ethnic ties, relations between Eritrea and Ethiopia have rarely been smooth. As a result, and particularly over the past decade, nationality rights of residents of both countries have been at risk.
After Eritrea's 30-year struggle for independence, the country peacefully became a state in 1993 through a referendum in which Eritreans in Ethiopia also voted.
Why are the Kunama Forgotten?
Representative Frank Wolf (R-VA) recently returned from a visit to Ethiopia (see RI spotlight, January 17, for an interview with the Congressman). He reported that more than 11 million Ethiopians need food assistance this year -- about 20 percent of the total population of the country.
Refugees International is gravely concerned that the ongoing fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea has created the potential for a major humanitarian disaster in Eritrea. Worsening of the crisis, leading to a large-scale loss of civilian life, can be averted only if the international donor community responds immediately by substantially underwriting the emergency requirements of the Eritreans who have fled aerial and artillery bombardments and invading Ethiopian troops.
REFUGEES INTERNATIONAL BULLETIN - January 27, 2000
Contact: Mary Anne Fitzgerald or