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18 Nov 2011 description
  • Asmara facing sanctions on mining, remittances

  • Country already hit with assets freeze, arms and travel embargo

  • Red Sea state says Ethiopia dirtying its name

By Aaron Maasho

ADDIS ABABA, Nov 18 (Reuters) - Eritrea has a strong chance of heading off new sanctions that could cripple the Red Sea state's economy even though it remains far from persuading its neighbours and the United Nations that it is not a destabilising force in the volatile Horn of Africa.

27 Apr 2011 description
  • Libya, Ivory Coast crises hit funding

  • Poor rains have led to failed harvests

By Katy Migiro

NAIROBI, April 27 (Reuters) - Drought has left more than 8 million people in the Horn of Africa short of food and water, and the number could rise sharply if funding to help them is not increased, British aid groups said on Wednesday.

20 Apr 2011 description
  • Hundreds of refugees call for end of conscription

  • Urge sanctions against Eritrea

By Aaron Maasho

ADDIS ABABA, April 20 (Reuters) - Hundreds of Eritrean refugees gathered in the Ethiopian capital on Wednesday to call for democratic rule in Eritrea, which thousands have fled in recent years citing rights abuses.

Read the full article on AlertNet.

08 Jun 2010 description

08 Jun 2010 19:52:39 GMT

* Qatari Emir will try to settle border row

* Horn nations overlook crucial shipping lanes

* Djibouti says Eritrean troops withdraw from occupied areas

(Adds Djibouti comment, Eritrea troop withdrawal)

By Barry Malone

ADDIS ABABA, June 8 (Reuters) - The African Union on Tuesday supported a mediation agreement between Eritrea and Djibouti, whose border standoff could destabilise the Horn of Africa region.

Djibouti's government said that further to the deal, Eritrea had withdrawn its troops from two areas they had occupied.

The Red Sea …

08 Jun 2010 description

08 Jun 2010 20:24:19 GMT

* 12,000 Middle Eastern, North African refugees at risk

* Libya says U.N. refugee presence on its soil illegal

(Updates with Libya foreign ministry statement in para 6)

By Jonathan Lynn

GENEVA, June 8 (Reuters) - Libya has ordered the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR to close its operations there, putting the future of more than 12,000 refugees and asylum seekers at risk, a UNHCR spokeswoman said on Tuesday.

21 Feb 2009 description

NAIROBI, Feb 21 (Reuters) - Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki has rejected any effort to mediate a border dispute with arch-foe Ethiopia, calling it a "wicked ploy", state media said on Saturday.

The once-close Horn of Africa neighbours have been locked in a bitter row over their 1000-km (625-mile) frontier since a 1998-2000 war that killed 70,000 people.

Last week, Ethiopia said it supported efforts by Libyan leader and new African Union chairman Muammar Gaddafi to arbitrate between Addis Ababa and Asmara, but doubted the manoeuvre would be successful.

"The …

29 Jul 2008 description

By Louis Charbonneau

UNITED NATIONS, July 29 (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council is planning to disband its peacekeeping mission to the volatile border between Eritrea and Ethiopia after Eritrea forced out most of the U.N.

23 Jun 2008 description

By Patrick Worsnip

UNITED NATIONS, June 23 (Reuters) - The U.N.

12 Apr 2008 description

ASMARA, April 12 (Reuters) - Eritrea warned arch-foe Ethiopia on Saturday that Asmara would defeat any attempt to renew hostilities after Addis Ababa urged the United Nations to take strong measures against the Red Sea state.

Eritrea and Ethiopia routinely trade accusations over their border dispute, which led to a 1998-2000 war between the Horn of Africa neighbours in which some 70,000 people were killed.

The two countries have been deadlocked over their 1,000 km (620-mile) frontier since a 2002 border ruling.

27 Feb 2008 description

By Patrick Worsnip

UNITED NATIONS, Feb 27 (Reuters) - Most of the U.N. peacekeepers on Eritrea's border with Ethiopia have moved to Eritrea's capital Asmara after the Red Sea state withdrew cooperation, the United Nations said on Wednesday.

The move effectively ends, at least for the time being, the work of the 1,700 troops and military observers who for the past seven years have been seeking to prevent Eritrea and Ethiopia from resuming a border war they fought from 1998-2000.

The peacekeepers have been stationed in a 15.5-mile (25-km) buffer zone inside Eritrea.

16 Jan 2008 description

(adds ethiopian no comment)

ASMARA, Jan 16 (Reuters) - Eritrea has accepted a "virtual demarcation" of its border with Ethiopia and wants Addis Ababa to remove its troops from Eritrean soil, a statement published on Wednesday said.

The two nations have been deadlocked over a 1,000 km (620 mile) border since a 2002 decision by an independent boundary commission gave the flashpoint town of Badme to Eritrea.

The Hague-based commission -- set up by a peace deal ending the 1998-2000 war -- "virtually" demarcated the border late last year based on the 2002 decision …

28 Nov 2007 description

Nov 28 (Reuters) - Tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea have ratcheted up in recent weeks with the approach of Friday's deadline set by an independent border commission to physically mark their disputed frontier.

Security experts have estimated that both Horn of Africa neighbours moved at least 100,000 troops to the 1,000 km (620 mile) border.

The 1998-2000 border conflict between the two nations claimed some 70,000 lives but the dispute over the frontier was never resolved.

Here are some key facts:

WHAT HAS HAPPENED:

1952 - Eritrea, a former Italian colony and U.N.

27 Nov 2007 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, Nov 27 (Reuters) - Three days before a deadline for demarcating their disputed border, Ethiopia said on Tuesday it had no plans for another bout of fighting with arch-foe Eritrea but would crush any attempt by Asmara to invade.

Tensions between the Horn of African neighbours have ratcheted up in recent weeks with the approach of the Nov. 30 deadline set by an independent border commission to physically mark their disputed frontier.

"Ethiopia has no reason to launch another war against Eritrea.

21 Nov 2007 description

By Jack Kimball

ASMARA, Nov 21 (Reuters) - Eritrea said on Wednesday arch-foe Ethiopia had "long since declared war" on Asmara by refusing to implement a five-year-old border ruling marking their shared frontier.

Analysts and diplomats fear heightened tensions on the Horn of Africa rivals' frontier could erupt into a new conflict seven years after they fought a war that killed some 70,000 people.

"In undermining the values of international agreements and refusing to withdraw from sovereign Eritrean territories, the TPLF regime (Ethiopia) has already launched an …

09 Nov 2007 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, Nov 9 (Reuters) - Ethiopia said on Friday it had no plans to invade arch-foe Eritrea, even as Asmara claimed for the fourth time in two weeks that Addis Ababa was preparing to launch an assault on the Red Sea state.

Tensions between the Horn of African neighbours have ratcheted up in recent weeks and now both nations are accused of moving troops closer to their disputed frontier.

"It should always be clear that Ethiopia does not have any reason or ambition to invade Eritrea other than protecting its sovereignty and peace," Information …

01 Nov 2007 description

By Barry Malone

SHIMELBA, Ethiopia, Nov 1 (Reuters) - There is a settlement in Ethiopia where houses are in high demand, new restaurants and bars open often and nearly 700 people moved in last month alone.

But Shimelba is a refugee camp, not a boom town, and its residents -- exiles from neighbouring Eritrea whose ranks are swelling at an alarming rate -- are uniformly miserable.

Fears of a new war between the Horn of Africa rivals is raising tensions ahead of a deadline to demarcate their border this month, and many in Shimelba say they were forced to flee.

"People are …

25 Sep 2007 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, Sept 25 (Reuters) - Ethiopia said on Tuesday it may terminate the pact ending its border war with Eritrea, accusing its smaller neighbour of breaching the deal on several fronts including coordinating "terrorist activity".

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin in a letter to his Eritrean counterpart said Addis Ababa would be forced "to consider its peaceful and legal options under international law" if Eritrea continued.

Those options include terminating the pact or suspending part or all of it, Mesfin wrote.

Relations …

20 Aug 2007 description

By Jack Kimball

ASMARA, Aug 20 (Reuters) - Standing in a muddy courtyard, 65-year-old Letezai Tewolde-Bahta's eyes dart back and forth as she stares at a doorway leading to Eritrea's legal office.

20 Aug 2007 description

By Jack Kimball

ASMARA, Aug 20 (Reuters) - Standing in a muddy courtyard, 65-year-old Letezai Tewolde-Bahta's eyes dart back and forth as she stares at a doorway leading to Eritrea's legal office.

One of thousands of Eritreans deported from Ethiopia during the two countries' border war of 1998-2000, she opens up a green identity card and points to the granddaughter she says she carried across the front lines.

"The Ethiopians came in the middle of the night and they took us to prison for three days.

24 May 2007 description

By Jack Kimball

ASMARA, May 24 (Reuters) - Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki said on Thursday a security buffer between the Red Sea state and arch-foe Ethiopia was "meaningless" and blamed the United States for a five-year border stalemate.

In a speech commemorating Eritrea's independence in 1991, Isaias said ultimate responsibility for the impasse and any "negative consequences that may unfold in the period ahead" rests with Washington.

"Eritrea's decision to show restraint and refrain from taking appropriate measures ...