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- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 65 | 01-14 October 2018
September 11, 2018 8:41 AM
The rapidly warming ties between Eritrea and Ethiopia took another step forward Tuesday when the once-bitter rivals reopened their shared border afer two decades.
Yemane Meskel, Eritrea's information minister, announced the historic event on Twitter "President Isaias Afwerki & Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed today officially opened the Debay Sima - Burre border point between the two countries for road transport connectivity," Meskel wrote, referring to the Eritrean president and Ethiopian prime minister respectively.
The leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea have signed an agreement that formally ends one of one of Africa’s longest, most intractable conflicts.
Photos of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signing the historic agreement in the Eritrean capital, Asmara, were posted on Twitter Monday by Yemane Meskel, Eritrea's minister of information.
Meskel wrote that the "state of war that existed between the two countries has come to an end. A new era of peace & friendship has been ushered."
Countries in the Horn of Africa were very much in the news in 2009. For example, the conflict and humanitarian crisis in Somalia, an arms embargo against Eritrea and a recent court case in Ethiopia resulting in death sentences for five people.
David Shinn, former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia, is following developments in the Horn. Shinn is an adjunct professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.
"Many of us thought that 2009 would be a decisive year for Somalia politically.
Peacekeeping units from Jordan, Kenya and other countries began leaving Ethiopia in August. The state-run Ethiopian News Agency Monday said the last batch of peacekeepers, a battalion from India, left the city of Mekele on Sunday.
There was no immediate confirmation from the U.N.
The U.N. Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea watched the tense border between the two countries for seven and a half years. The Security Council shut down the mission in July, saying the countries had rejected options for a continued presence.
By Peter Heinlein
By Nick Wadhams
An Eritrean human rights group is accusing the governments of Sudan and Eritrea of working together to round up and deport Eritreans who have sought refuge from Eritrea's authoritarian government. Nick Wadhams has the story from Nairobi.
The Netherlands-based Eritrean Research and Documentation Center says Eritrean security forces are illegally monitoring Eritrean refugees, many of whom it says defected from the Eritrean Air Defense forces.
In a letter to the U.N.
By Peter Heinlein
The flow of Eritrean refugees pouring into Ethiopia has peaked recently, as the Horn of Africa rivals prepare for what could be their second war in a decade. Last month, as border tensions escalated, 700 new arrivals were registered at the Shimelba Camp, about 25 kilometers inside Ethiopia. Among the camp's inmates is VOA Tigrignia Service reporter Aklilu Solomon, who fled Eritrea last December after being imprisoned for a year and a half.
By Howard Lesser
Ethiopia and Eritrea are again trading accusations over a failure to settle their nine-year-old border dispute. Last week at the Hague, the commission adjudicating the disagreement said it intends to finalize coordinates of the borders by November if the sides remain deadlocked. Reporter Peter Heinlein in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa attended a news briefing yesterday with Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin in which the foreign ministry said it would not accept a boundary drawn up by the border commission.
INTRO: Heavy fighting has spread along the Ethiopian - Eritrean Border. The latest outbreak of hostilities in the horn of Africa, erupted just days after a U-N Security Council delegation failed to bring the two sides back to the negotiating table. Carol Pineau reports from Eritrean capital of Asmara.
TEXT: Ethiopian troops attacked soon after midnight along the left and right flanks of the highly contested Badame front.