Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia - Council conclusions (19 November 2018)
- World Vision East Africa Region Situation Report | October 1 - October 31, 2018
- President’s Malaria Initiative: Ethiopia - Malaria Operational Plan FY 2019
Eritrea remains a one-man dictatorship under President Isaias Afewerki, now in his 26th year in power. It has no legislature, no independent civil society organizations or media outlets, and no independent judiciary. The government restricts religious freedoms, banning all but four groups.
Joint EU-African Migration Policy Fundamentally Flawed, New Approach Needed
The joint EU-Africa policy on migration from Eritrea and the Horn of Africa is in urgent need of reform, according to a new report from the International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI), The Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), and The Centre for Human Rights Law at SOAS, University of London.
Despite mounting evidence of inhumane treatment faced by Eritreans, both within and outside Eritrea, the EU is doing all it can to prevent them from reaching its shores, says a new report published today by Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF).
Key mixed migration characteristics
Eritrea is solely a country of origin. Its role in the region as transit or destination country is negligible.
The prolonged national service obligation coupled with poor economic conditions continues to fuel migration of especially young Eritreans.
Each month thousands of men, women, and children flee Eritrea as a result of grave violations of human rights committed by the Eritrean government. Traveling via Sudan and Egypt, 36,000 Eritreans have made their way to Israel over the past six years, via a well-organized network of people smugglers and human traffickers. For the last two years, Israeli, Egyptian, and international human rights organizations have reported severe torture and abuse of Eritreans being held hostage in the Sinai by these traffickers.
Eritrea is considered one of the most repressive countries in the world; Freedom House, in its annual ranking of countries based on democratic freedom, considers Eritrea “one of the worst of the worst”. Since gaining independence from Ethiopia twenty years ago, the destitute and politically isolated country is often accused by international human rights groups of unlawful executions, tor-ture, and citizen detention.
Africa Report N°200
28 March 2013
Nairobi/Brussels, 28 March 2013: Change is in the air in Eritrea, a highly authoritarian state, but any political transition will require internal political inclusion and channels for external dialogue if it is to preserve stability and improve Eritrean life.
This paper examines the mixed movement of people that is currently taking place between the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region to the southern part of the continent.
Abstract: This is the first paper using household survey data from two countries involved in an international war (Eritrea and Ethiopia) to measure the conflict’s impact on children’s health in both nations. The identification strategy uses event data to exploit exogenous variation in the conflict’s geographic extent and timing and the exposure of different children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. The paper uniquely incorporates GPS information on the distance between survey villages and conflict sites to more accurately measure a child’s war exposure.
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
Early Warning Issues for Nov
Country Analysis: Sudan
PSC Retrospective: Continental Early Warning System (CEWS)
Country Analysis: Eritrea
PSC Retrospective: African Women's decade and the anniversary of the UN 1325 resolution
PSC Retrospective: The Relationship between the PSC and African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
PSC Retrospective: African Union Peace Day
Important Forthcoming Dates
This Report is an independent publication of the Institute for Security Studies.
Cereal prices are steady or declining in recent months, however they remain high compared to historic levels.
Border tensions have not decreased. Moreover floods have damaged crops and affected people's livelihoods.
An estimated 5.2 million people still depend on emergency food assistance and agencies agree on a severe situation of high hunger in the long term.
The Government continues to support producers and vulnerable people through safety net programmes; in addition it has lifted the export ban on sorghum and maize.
Recent good 'kremti' rains have benefited the 2010 main season cereal crops.
Late but good rains have improved the prospect of a good harvest, but the country remains vulnerable due to low productivity and erratic rainfall.
Different agencies project very hig and extremely alarming levels of food insecurity.
The Government aims at improving food security by increasing production and securing food reserves.
Cereal prices have started to decline in recent months, however they are still higher than pre crisis levels.
Political situation remain tense following parliamentary elections on the 23rd of May and displacement from Somalia and Eritreacontinues to be a major problem.
An estimated 5.23 million people need food assistance through 2010 and concerned agencies are worried over very high foodinsecurity levels.
The government is assisting the population with emergency interventions, the national safety net programme, and subsidizedwheat sales to urban consumers.
Adverse weather during the 2009 main crop season, coupled by massive displacement and economic constraints, affected foodsecurity condition in the country.
The political tensions with neighbouring countries remain high with increasing numbers of IDPs fleeing to Ethiopia.
Concerned agencies expect the already fragile food security situation to further deteriorate to an extremely alarming problem of hunger.
The government is taking steps to invest in agriculture.
Jamila El Abdellaoui, Senior Researcher, African Conflict Prevention Programme, ISS Addis Ababa Office
Yemen recently received a spot in the limelight thanks to the 'underwear bomber,' a Nigerian national who attempted to blow up a plane bound for the US on Christmas Day and who allegedly received training from Al-Qaeda elements in Yemen. Despite the fact that Yemen has been facing a myriad of challenges for some time now, the country rarely received media attention prior to the failed terrorist attack on the US airliner.
This 92-page report examines the treatment of migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees in Libya through the eyes of those who have managed to leave and are now in Italy and Malta. It also documents Italy's practice of interdicting boats full of migrants on the high seas and pushing them back to Libya without the required screening.
EVENT: Government fighters launched a counter-offensive on June 2 against hardline Islamist militant groups, Hisbul Islam and al-Shabaab.
SIGNIFICANCE: The government has barely survived a concerted assault on Mogadishu, which threatens to derail the Djibouti peace process.
ANALYSIS: Since it moved to Mogadishu in February, the expanded Transitional Federal Government (TFG-Djibouti) has made only limited progress in increasing coherence among the unwieldy coalition of which it is formed.
Despite the Algiers Peace Agreement and the decision of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission, there is a continuing impasse over the demarcation of the border between the two countries and the status of the town of Badme. This presents an ongoing serious risk of escalating tension and of renewed conflict that may have serious political and humanitarian consequences.
The peace agreement led to the return and resettlement of IDPs in home areas and resettlement villages, but given the tension, the possibility of another displacement remains.
Nairobi/Brussels, 23 December 2008
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of an Ethiopian military intervention since December 2006. Over the last two years the situation has deteriorated into one of the world's worst humanitarian and security crises.