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22 Feb 2013 description

This document provides an overview of developments in the Mediterranean Basin and other regions of interest from 05—18 February 2013, with hyperlinks to source material highlighted and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members of the Med Basin Team, or visit our website at www.cimicweb.org

Inside this Issue

In Focus 1
North Africa 2
Northeast Africa 4
Horn of Africa 5

03 May 2012 description

An overview of the ICRC's key activities in Eritrea in 2011.

  • Water and habitat

  • Economic security

  • Protecting civilians

  • Restoring family links

  • Building the capacity of the Red Cross Society of Eritrea

05 Aug 2011 description
report IRIN

ADDIS ABABA, 5 August 2011 (IRIN) - More and more Eritrean refugees, mostly educated young men, continue to arrive in Ethiopia, with the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, expressing concern over the rising numbers.

"Most say they left their country [to avoid] a prolonged military conscription, but they also say they want to join their families on the road," Moses Okello, UNHCR's representative in Ethiopia, told IRIN.

Ethiopia hosts at least 61,000 Eritrean refugees.

27 Apr 2011 description
  • Libya, Ivory Coast crises hit funding

  • Poor rains have led to failed harvests

By Katy Migiro

NAIROBI, April 27 (Reuters) - Drought has left more than 8 million people in the Horn of Africa short of food and water, and the number could rise sharply if funding to help them is not increased, British aid groups said on Wednesday.

30 Sep 2009 description


- The food security situation in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia is acute and deteriorating. The crop harvest of the main season is about 15 per cent lower than the historical average. This comes on the back of more than three consecutive droughts which have decimated crop production and pasture in most arid and semi-arid areas. The overall situation is further aggravated by growing conflicts. The number of affected people is estimated at more than 20 million.

- Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates are increasing, reaching alarming levels.

22 Jun 2005 description

In November 2004, the United Nations, in collaboration with the Government of the State of Eritrea (GSE) and the Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) community, launched the Consolidated Appeal (CAP) for Eritrea 2005 in which programmes amounting to approximately US$ 157.15 million were laid out. Funds appealed for were designed to combat continuing chronic household food security problems, raising levels of malnutrition, as well as ensuring basic cross-sectoral services to the most vulnerable Eritreans among others.

16 Dec 2004 description
report UN Security Council

I. Introduction

  1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1320 (2000) of 15 September 2000, and provides an update on developments in the peace process since my report dated 2 September 2004 (S/2004/708). The report also describes the deployment and activities of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), the current mandate of which expires on 15 March 2005.

II. Status of the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas, and cooperation with the parties

05 Sep 2003 description


September 5, 2003, Vienna, Austria - The OPEC Fund for International Development has distributed over 43,000 metric tons of food aid to towns and villages in nine African countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe that are affected by the current food crisis sweeping much of Africa. Under a special Food Aid Grant Account, the OPEC Fund has provided a total US$20 million to assist a number of countries in Africa severely affected by the worsening crisis.

03 Dec 2002 description

New York - The Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Programme, James T. Morris, today warned the UN Security Council of an unprecedented hunger crisis in Africa, where at least 38 million people are at risk.

26 May 2000 description

This report includes: A) Horn of Africa: Ethiopia and Eritrea B) Sudan: Eritrean refugees C) Kenya D) Sierra Leone E) India - drought.

28 Apr 2000 description

GENEVA, April 28 (Reuters) - United Nations human rights chief Mary Robinson closed the annual rights forum on Friday with an appeal to avert disaster in the Horn of Africa, where up to 16 million people face famine.

27 Apr 2000 description
report IRIN

HORN OF AFRICA: Cross-border migration "will spread crisis"

26 Apr 2000 description

By Paul Jeffrey, Action by Churches Together (ACT)

26 Apr 2000 description
report Christian Aid

Christian Aid Communications Officer, Sophia Mwangi, has recently returned from Ethiopia. She reports on Christian Aid's current work with communities in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Kenya, who have all been hit by drought.

25 Apr 2000 description

Adigrat, Ethiopia, April 25, By Marc Vergara (UNICEF) -- Well before the current food emergency in Ethiopia, UNICEF set up programs for more than 300,000 displaced persons in the northern region of Tigray. Most arrived in June 1998, one month after the outbreak of war between Eritrea and Ethiopia. It is estimated that over 60 percent of the displaced population in Tigray have been accommodated among host communities. UNICEF's role has been to help the displaced and increasingly burdened local communities.

25 Apr 2000 description
report Christian Aid

Christian Aid is running an emergency appeal for communities threatened by starvation in Ethiopia and neighbouring countries, and is calling on donor countries to fulfil their pledges of food aid for the region.

25 Apr 2000 description

The last time a famine hit Ethiopia, it triggered the global hit song, "We Are the World," which raised money to feed millions.

Now, 15 years later, another famine looms over Ethiopia, with hundreds of people having perished so far.

This time, however, the famine's causes and solutions are interestingly different. Please, no songs, say famine fighters.

Rather, efforts to prevent starvation have become more complex as the world gets better at it.

25 Apr 2000 description

The international community has a "rare opportunity" to prevent widespread loss of life from drought in the Horn of Africa, a senior United Nations official said today in a report on her recent visit to the region.

25 Apr 2000 description

The drought has led to mass migrations of people, in search of water and food.