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28 Dec 2009 description
report Voice of America

Countries in the Horn of Africa were very much in the news in 2009. For example, the conflict and humanitarian crisis in Somalia, an arms embargo against Eritrea and a recent court case in Ethiopia resulting in death sentences for five people.

David Shinn, former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia, is following developments in the Horn. Shinn is an adjunct professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

Somalia

"Many of us thought that 2009 would be a decisive year for Somalia politically.

17 Nov 2009 description

General Situation

Since the fall of the Siad Barre's regime in 1991, Somalia fell in the hands of different militias commanded by powerful warlords, who divided the country along clan lines. Since then, there have been at least 15 attempts to re-establish a national government, the last of which UNHCR Somalia Funding Situation 32,600,000 brought to power Sheik Shariif Ahmed, at the end of January 2009.

12 Oct 2009 description
report EastAfrican

By SAMMY CHEBOI

As famine and food shortages threaten millions of people in the region, key players in African seed sector have met to accelerate efforts for high yield and drought resistant seed varieties for poor farmers.

A regional meeting that opened on Monday in Bamako, Mali, brought together 300 agriculture scientists, entrepreneurs, farmers' organisations and governments from across the continent.

The experts from 20 countries who collectively form the heart of the Programme for Africa's Seed Systems (PASS), a $150 million initiative launched two years ago by the …

30 Sep 2009 description

Highlights

- The food security situation in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia is acute and deteriorating. The crop harvest of the main season is about 15 per cent lower than the historical average. This comes on the back of more than three consecutive droughts which have decimated crop production and pasture in most arid and semi-arid areas. The overall situation is further aggravated by growing conflicts. The number of affected people is estimated at more than 20 million.

- Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates are increasing, reaching alarming levels.

21 Sep 2009 description
report Human Rights Watch

This 92-page report examines the treatment of migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees in Libya through the eyes of those who have managed to leave and are now in Italy and Malta. It also documents Italy's practice of interdicting boats full of migrants on the high seas and pushing them back to Libya without the required screening.

09 Sep 2009 description

The Horn of Africa has again been hit by famine and drought. Norway has allocated NOK 50 million in emergency relief to the people living in the region.

The allocation will be channelled through the UN, the Red Cross and other NGOs, and will be used to meet immediate needs.

Norway's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jonas Gahr Støre, commented: "It is vital to focus more closely on political solutions for this region. Horn of Africa receives 40% of all international food aid.

31 Aug 2009 description

By Kennedy Abwao, PANA Correspondent Tripoli, Libya (PANA) - African leaders who gathered in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, Monday, for a special summit on the resolution of conflicts plaguing the continent, have appealed to Ethiopia to proceed with the demarcation of its border with Eritrea to end one of the longest-running border rows in Africa.

The Special Summit of the African Union (AU) Heads of State and Government Assembly, holding here ahead of Tuesday's 40th anniversary celebrations of the Libyan Revolution, also expressed concern over the failure of the Ugandan rebel group, …

17 Aug 2009 description

The Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, established to "decide through binding arbitration all claims for loss, damage or injury by one Government against the other" related to the 1998-2000 conflict between them that "result from violations of international humanitarian law, including the 1949 Geneva Conventions, or other violations of international law," today rendered its Final Awards on Damages in each Party's Claims.

05 Aug 2009 description
report IRIN

ADDIS ABABA, 5 August 2009 (IRIN) - Eritrean authorities have stopped the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) from involvement in the repatriation of Ethiopians from the territory, the ICRC said.

More than 43,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans wanting to return home have been repatriated to their respective countries under ICRC auspices since 2000.

"As a neutral intermediary, the ICRC made the necessary logistical arrangements on both sides of the border and placed the repatriated individuals in the care of their home country's authorities," said ICRC spokeswoman …

03 Aug 2009 description

Geneva (ICRC) - The Eritrean authorities have informed the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) that it will no longer be involved in any repatriation of Ethiopians from the country. According to the authorities, this decision was motivated by the unilateral cancellation of two repatriation operations in late 2008 and early 2009 by Ethiopia.

Since 2000, more than 43,000 Ethiopian and Eritrean civilians wanting to return home have been repatriated to their respective countries, with due respect for their dignity, under ICRC auspices.

19 Jun 2009 description

In Ethiopia, no new swarms have arrived from northern Somalia since 10 June but there are about a dozen swarms reported in the country. Many of the swarms split into smaller swarmlets and groups that have moved into the Somali region (Shinile and Jijiga zones), Dire Dawa, Oromiya (E. and W. Haraghe zones), Harari, and the central Rift Valley in Afar (zones 3 and 5). A small swarm moved into the northern highlands (North Wello) on 9 June and reached southern Tigray on the 12th. Small groups of adults also arrived in southern Gondar zone in Amhara region on the 14th.

19 Jun 2009 description
report INTERSOS

Foreword

Somalia is a country where the situation can improve or worsen quickly. Today it is heading towards the worst: the fighting is rapidly intensifying, hundreds of thousands of people are fleeing the fight or are hit by shortages of food, water and healthcare. How to pave - if it is still possible - the way for a solution towards ending instability and conflict that have prevailed since 1991?

1.

17 Jun 2009 description

When meeting this week in Brussels, EU leaders will discuss measures to tackle irregular migration in the Mediterranean, including recent proposals from the European Commission to set up asylum reception and processing centres in Libya.

ECRE is very concerned about any proposal which would allow EU States to evade their obligations to protect refugees by shifting the responsibility to countries with extremely dubious human rights records. "Refugees are the first victims of the 'fight against immigration' that our governments are undertaking.

16 Jun 2009 description
report UN Children's Fund

Monrovia, Liberia, 16 June 2009 - Several African countries have made impressive gains in child survival in recent years but much more needs to be done, UNICEF said today in marking the international Day of the African Child.

16 Jun 2009 description

When EU Heads of State and Government meet in Brussels on 18/19 June they will discuss measures to tackle irregular migration in the Mediterranean. These discussions are expected to build on dialogue from the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Council meeting of 4/5 June, including in relation to recent proposals from the European Commission contemplating the establishment of asylum and reception processing centres in Libya.

16 Jun 2009 description
report UN Children's Fund

NEW YORK, 16 juin 2009 - Plusieurs pays africains ont réalisé d'impressionnants progrès dans le domaine de la survie de l'enfant ces dernières années mais il reste encore beaucoup de choses à faire, a déclaré l'UNICEF aujourd'hui à l'occasion de la Journée internationale de l'enfant africain. Le thème de cette année est : « Une Afrique digne des enfants : appel à une action accélérée en faveur de la survie de l'enfant.

10 Jun 2009 description
report Human Rights Watch

The migrant holding site at Lampedusa, Italy's tiny outpost island that held 1,800 migrants and asylum seekers as recently as January 2009, is now empty. On June 10, the authorities transferred the last 20 asylum seekers to another center in Italy, social service providers working on the island told Human Rights Watch.

04 Jun 2009 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Government fighters launched a counter-offensive on June 2 against hardline Islamist militant groups, Hisbul Islam and al-Shabaab.

SIGNIFICANCE: The government has barely survived a concerted assault on Mogadishu, which threatens to derail the Djibouti peace process.

ANALYSIS: Since it moved to Mogadishu in February, the expanded Transitional Federal Government (TFG-Djibouti) has made only limited progress in increasing coherence among the unwieldy coalition of which it is formed.

03 Jun 2009 description

Brussels 3 June 2009 - Justice and Home Affairs Ministers will meet tomorrow in Luxembourg at a time when the Italian authorities are breaching their human rights commitments by deporting migrants to Libya without an assessment of their need for protection.