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31 Dec 2010 description

Abstract: This is the first paper using household survey data from two countries involved in an international war (Eritrea and Ethiopia) to measure the conflict’s impact on children’s health in both nations. The identification strategy uses event data to exploit exogenous variation in the conflict’s geographic extent and timing and the exposure of different children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. The paper uniquely incorporates GPS information on the distance between survey villages and conflict sites to more accurately measure a child’s war exposure.

13 Dec 2010 description

Refugees and asylum seekers escaping conflict, genocide, famine, and torture face an extremely difficult journey. Thousands set out from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, and other African countries in search of safety and protection, passing through Egypt, where their situation remains hostile and insecure. Once arriving in Israel, they are immediately detained, often for several weeks, months, and sometimes even years.

24 Nov 2010 description
report UN Radio

Listen to the News


Eritrean children caught in Ethiopian no-man's land

An increasing number of young Eritrean children are leaving their country without their parents and ending up in refugee camps in Ethiopia. They're leaving for a variety of reasons. Many discover that life is actually better at home but they are unable to cross back into Eritrea, because they don't have the right papers.

04 Nov 2010 description
report Roll Back Malaria

DAKAR, Senegal, 4 November 2010 - Senegal's malaria control efforts have enabled the country to significantly reduce malaria-related morbidity and mortality, according to Focus on Senegal, a report released today by the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) as part of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership (RBM) Progress and Impact series.

Senegal's health minister, the Honourable Modou Diagne Fada, summarized the results as follows: "Senegal's northern areas could be malaria-free in the next …

01 Nov 2010 description


Early Warning Issues for Nov

Country Analysis: Sudan

PSC Retrospective: Continental Early Warning System (CEWS)

Country Analysis: Eritrea

PSC Retrospective: African Women's decade and the anniversary of the UN 1325 resolution

PSC Retrospective: The Relationship between the PSC and African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

PSC Retrospective: African Union Peace Day

Important Forthcoming Dates

This Report is an independent publication of the Institute for Security Studies.

15 Oct 2010 description
report Sudan Tribune

By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

October 15, 2010 (MEKELLE, Ethiopia) - Hundreds of Eritrean refugees who have for years been camped at various refugee camps in Northern Ethiopia, for the first time have began joining Ethiopian government owned higher institutions.

The decision is taken by Ethiopian authorities ten years after the two neighboring rivals went into the 1998-2000 border war that killed nearly 70,000 people.

The higher learning provision comes following Ethiopian government's recent decision of 'out of camp scheme' that allows Eritrean refugees to live out of refugee …

03 Sep 2010 description

IOM in conjunction with the UNHCR and the Government of Tanzania will facilitate a regional conference with states and civil society stakeholders next week in Dar es Salaam to discuss the mixed movement of people that is currently taking place between the East, Horn and Great Lakes regions of Africa to the southern part of the continent.

The Conference, taking place September 6 and 7 will cover the challenges that arise in mixed migratory movements, including migrant vulnerability to abuse, human trafficking and concerns on international protection of asylum seekers and refugees, in the …

31 Aug 2010 description

Key Messages

Cereal prices are steady or declining in recent months, however they remain high compared to historic levels.

Border tensions have not decreased. Moreover floods have damaged crops and affected people's livelihoods.

An estimated 5.2 million people still depend on emergency food assistance and agencies agree on a severe situation of high hunger in the long term.

The Government continues to support producers and vulnerable people through safety net programmes; in addition it has lifted the export ban on sorghum and maize.

31 Aug 2010 description

Key Messages

Recent good 'kremti' rains have benefited the 2010 main season cereal crops.

Late but good rains have improved the prospect of a good harvest, but the country remains vulnerable due to low productivity and erratic rainfall.

Different agencies project very hig and extremely alarming levels of food insecurity.

The Government aims at improving food security by increasing production and securing food reserves.

30 Aug 2010 description
report IRIN

ADDIS ABABA, 30 August 2010 (IRIN) - Kibrom Sebhatu, 45, is among hundreds of Eritreans expected to benefit from a recent Ethiopian government ruling allowing Eritrean refugees to live outside the camps.

"I am happy that UNHCR [the UN Refugee Agency] and the government of Ethiopia agreed to let us live outside the camps. I hope this will open a new era in Ethiopia-Eritrea relations," Sebhatu said.

10 Aug 2010 description

This is a summary of what was said by the UNHCR spokesperson at today's Palais des Nations press briefing in Geneva. Further information can be found on the UNHCR websites, www.unhcr.org and www.unhcr.fr, which should also be checked for regular media updates on non-briefing days.

UNHCR is encouraged by last week's decision of the Ethiopian authorities to significantly relax movement restrictions for Eritrean refugees through the introduction …

01 Jul 2010 description

KASSALA, Sudan, July 1 UNHCR) - Drive a few hours north-east of Khartoum towards Kassala, near the Sudanese border with Eritrea, and you will come across one of the UN refugee agency's most striking achievements in the region - acre after acre of trees, stretching into the distance.

UNHCR has planted more than 19 million of them in a programme, launched a quarter-of-a-century ago, to green the denuded landscape of eastern Sudan.

24 Jun 2010 description

Addis Ababa, 24 June 2010 - In what was described as "a symbolic gesture of solidarity with the newly arrived Somali refugees" the Commission of the African Union (AU) today donated US$ 50,000 worth of non-food items to UNHCR in support of newly arrived Somali refugees. In a statement sent to UNHCR, the AU expressed appreciation for the assistance rendered by the UNHCR and humanitarian actors to the refugees.

A six-person AU delegation led by H.E. Mrs. Julia D.

16 Jun 2010 description

View photos

Text by Joanne Offer. Photos by Denise Truscello.

Shimelba, Ethiopia 16 Jun 2010 -

Morning breaks over Shimelba refugee camp in northern Ethiopia. The mud brick houses with thatched roofs are home to around 11,000 refugees who have fled from persecution in neighboring Eritrea. Many of the refugees are children and teenagers who now face life growing up in a refugee camp in a foreign country.

The day starts early for many youngsters, who have to help collect water for their families.

08 Jun 2010 description

08 Jun 2010 19:52:39 GMT

* Qatari Emir will try to settle border row

* Horn nations overlook crucial shipping lanes

* Djibouti says Eritrean troops withdraw from occupied areas

(Adds Djibouti comment, Eritrea troop withdrawal)

By Barry Malone

ADDIS ABABA, June 8 (Reuters) - The African Union on Tuesday supported a mediation agreement between Eritrea and Djibouti, whose border standoff could destabilise the Horn of Africa region.

Djibouti's government said that further to the deal, Eritrea had withdrawn its troops from two areas they had occupied.

The Red Sea …

08 Jun 2010 description

GENEVA, June 8 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency said on Tuesday it had been told by the government of Libya to close its office in that country and halt activities.

Speaking at a press briefing in Geneva, UNHCR's chief spokesperson, Melissa Fleming, told journalists that UNHCR was hoping the closure would be temporary and that negotiations to find a solution were continuing.

08 Jun 2010 description

08 Jun 2010 20:24:19 GMT

* 12,000 Middle Eastern, North African refugees at risk

* Libya says U.N. refugee presence on its soil illegal

(Updates with Libya foreign ministry statement in para 6)

By Jonathan Lynn

GENEVA, June 8 (Reuters) - Libya has ordered the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR to close its operations there, putting the future of more than 12,000 refugees and asylum seekers at risk, a UNHCR spokeswoman said on Tuesday.

31 May 2010 description

Key Messages

Cereal prices have started to decline in recent months, however they are still higher than pre crisis levels.

Political situation remain tense following parliamentary elections on the 23rd of May and displacement from Somalia and Eritreacontinues to be a major problem.

An estimated 5.23 million people need food assistance through 2010 and concerned agencies are worried over very high foodinsecurity levels.

The government is assisting the population with emergency interventions, the national safety net programme, and subsidizedwheat sales to urban consumers.

31 May 2010 description

Key Messages

Adverse weather during the 2009 main crop season, coupled by massive displacement and economic constraints, affected foodsecurity condition in the country.

The political tensions with neighbouring countries remain high with increasing numbers of IDPs fleeing to Ethiopia.

Concerned agencies expect the already fragile food security situation to further deteriorate to an extremely alarming problem of hunger.

The government is taking steps to invest in agriculture.