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23 Dec 2008 description

Nairobi/Brussels, 23 December 2008

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of an Ethiopian military intervention since December 2006. Over the last two years the situation has deteriorated into one of the world's worst humanitarian and security crises.

13 Oct 2008 description
report UN News Service

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has transmitted to the Security Council the last report issued by the independent commission on Ethiopia and Eritrea's common boundary.

In 2002, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission handed down a final and binding decision awarding Badme, the town that triggered fierce fighting between the neighbouring Horn of Africa nations, to Eritrea.

13 Oct 2008 description
report Voice of America

Peacekeeping units from Jordan, Kenya and other countries began leaving Ethiopia in August. The state-run Ethiopian News Agency Monday said the last batch of peacekeepers, a battalion from India, left the city of Mekele on Sunday.

There was no immediate confirmation from the U.N.

The U.N. Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea watched the tense border between the two countries for seven and a half years. The Security Council shut down the mission in July, saying the countries had rejected options for a continued presence.

The U.N.

07 Oct 2008 description
map ReliefWeb

More than 17 million people in the Horn of Africa region are sliding into a humanitarian emergency. An acute crisis originated by a mix of conflict, prolonged drought, rising prices and animal disease is hitting Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda (Karamoja region).

03 Oct 2008 description
report UN Security Council

As you are aware, with the termination of the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea as of 31 July 2008, I will no longer provide reports to the Security Council on the situation between the two countries on a regular basis. However, I have recently received a final report of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission, which the Registrar of the Commission felt would be useful to circulate as a document of the Security Council.

30 Sep 2008 description

Executive Summary

NHCR held its Regional Strategy Meeting for the Repatriation and Reintegration of Sudanese Refugees in Addis Ababa, and agreed upon key operational directions, including voluntary repatriation targets for 2008 and 2009. It was also concluded that UNHCR would focus its attention more towards reintegration assistance for returnees next year.

The preparation for the 2009 UN and Partners Work Plan for Sudan continued.

24 Sep 2008 description

KHARTOUM - Twenty-one refugees are feared to have drowned last night when their overloaded boat capsized in the Atbara River, near the Shagarab refugee camp in eastern Sudan. The bodies have yet to be recovered.

Local administration and security officials, along with UNHCR and its Sudanese government counterpart, COR, rushed to the scene. According to eyewitnesses, the refugees were part of a larger group that tried to cross the river in four boats at approximately 1:30 a.m.

19 Sep 2008 description
report JoongAng Daily

The Somali Peninsula, better known as The Horn of Africa, is the easternmost tip of the African continent. The region contains the countries of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia, covering approximately 2 million square kilometers, nine times the size of the Korean Peninsula.

During the years 1982 to 1992, more than 2 million people in the region died in war-related famine.

12 Sep 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

NEW YORK/GENÈVE, 12 septembre 2008 - L'UNICEF a publié aujourd'hui de nouvelles statistiques qui montrent que le taux de mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq ans a continué de baisser en 2007.

Ces nouvelles estimations indiquent une baisse de 27 pour cent du taux de mortalité des moins de cinq ans, qui passe de 93 décès pour 1 000 naissances vivantes en 1990 à 68 décès pour 1 000 naissances vivantes en 2007.

12 Sep 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 September 2008 - UNICEF today released new figures that show the rate of deaths of children under five continued to decline in 2007.

The new estimates show a 27 per cent decline in the under-five mortality rate, from 93 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990, to 68 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2007.

05 Sep 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

NAIROBI, 5 September 2008 - Children, already casualties of the complex drought, food price and conflict crisis unfolding in the Horn of Africa, are suffering severe effects of the lack of food, water and medical care.

Three million children in the arid, marginalized region are at risk of death, disease or the long-term consequences of malnutrition. They comprise a large proportion of the more than 14 million people critically affected and the numbers are on an alarming upward trajectory.

Some experts are predicting that millions more children and families could be engulfed across …

18 Aug 2008 description
map ReliefWeb

More than 14.6 million people in the Horn of Africa region are sliding into a humanitarian emergency. An acute crisis originated by a mix of conflict, prolonged drought, rising prices and animal disease is hitting Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda (Karamoja region).

14 Aug 2008 description

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) had been not only successful, but vital to ensuring stability in its area of operation, Major General Claudio Graziano, the Force Commander, said at a Headquarters press conference today.

Outlining the mission's accomplishments since its expansion by the Security Council in resolution 1701 (2006), Major General Graziano said that UNIFIL, working with the Lebanese Army, had maintained the ceasefire in southern Lebanon and accomplished the largest …

08 Aug 2008 description

The European Commission has allocated a further €21 million in humanitarian aid for the Horn of Africa: Assistance is being provided to vulnerable populations in Somalia(€13m), Eritrea(€4m) and Ethiopia(€4m). So far in 2008, the Commission has provided nearly €120 million in humanitarian aid, including food aid, to needy people in the Horn of Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somaliaand Uganda).

01 Aug 2008 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI/ADDIS ABABA, 1 August 2008 (IRIN) - Tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea are unlikely to escalate immediately following the departure of UN peacekeepers, but a mechanism should be found to quickly engage the two neighbours, an analyst said.

The Security Council terminated the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) on 31 July.

"The decision is basically a formalisation of the reality because UNMEE has really not been on the ground," Fouad Hikmat, Horn of Africa director for the International Crisis Group (ICG), told IRIN.

Ethiopia and Eritrea have both said …