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28 Dec 2007 description
report European Union
  1. The European Union (EU), aware of its responsibilities under the Algiers Agreement and willing to facilitate the solution of the existing difficulties in the relations between the two Countries, reiterates its unwavering commitment to support efforts to promote sustainable peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

    2. In this respect, the EU strongly urges both parties to refrain from any threat or use of force and to resolve their differences by peaceful means.

    3.

14 Dec 2007 description

On 14 December 2007, 368 persons were repatriated from Eritrea to Ethiopia under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

This number includes a former prisoner of war who recently requested to be repatriated. In the same operation, 10 civilians were repatriated from Ethiopia to Eritrea.

Acting in its capacity as a neutral and independent intermediary, the ICRC carried out the repatriation based on the consent of each individual, and with the cooperation of the authorities on both sides of the border.

10 Dec 2007 description
report Voice of America

By Nick Wadhams

An Eritrean human rights group is accusing the governments of Sudan and Eritrea of working together to round up and deport Eritreans who have sought refuge from Eritrea's authoritarian government. Nick Wadhams has the story from Nairobi.

The Netherlands-based Eritrean Research and Documentation Center says Eritrean security forces are illegally monitoring Eritrean refugees, many of whom it says defected from the Eritrean Air Defense forces.

In a letter to the U.N.

28 Nov 2007 description

Nov 28 (Reuters) - Tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea have ratcheted up in recent weeks with the approach of Friday's deadline set by an independent border commission to physically mark their disputed frontier.

Security experts have estimated that both Horn of Africa neighbours moved at least 100,000 troops to the 1,000 km (620 mile) border.

The 1998-2000 border conflict between the two nations claimed some 70,000 lives but the dispute over the frontier was never resolved.

Here are some key facts:

WHAT HAS HAPPENED:

1952 - Eritrea, a former Italian colony and U.N.

28 Nov 2007 description

Rising tensions over a historic region may pull Ethiopia and Eritrea back into conflict, with the both sides placing blame on the other and a UN commission stuck in the middle.

By Daniel Auma in Nairobi for ISN Security Watch (28/11/07)

The thin line between a potential border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea hinges on the identification of the families living in Badme, a disputed territory, considered "historic and symbolic" by the two rival states.

27 Nov 2007 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, Nov 27 (Reuters) - Three days before a deadline for demarcating their disputed border, Ethiopia said on Tuesday it had no plans for another bout of fighting with arch-foe Eritrea but would crush any attempt by Asmara to invade.

Tensions between the Horn of African neighbours have ratcheted up in recent weeks with the approach of the Nov. 30 deadline set by an independent border commission to physically mark their disputed frontier.

"Ethiopia has no reason to launch another war against Eritrea.

21 Nov 2007 description

By Jack Kimball

ASMARA, Nov 21 (Reuters) - Eritrea said on Wednesday arch-foe Ethiopia had "long since declared war" on Asmara by refusing to implement a five-year-old border ruling marking their shared frontier.

Analysts and diplomats fear heightened tensions on the Horn of Africa rivals' frontier could erupt into a new conflict seven years after they fought a war that killed some 70,000 people.

"In undermining the values of international agreements and refusing to withdraw from sovereign Eritrean territories, the TPLF regime (Ethiopia) has already launched an …

09 Nov 2007 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, Nov 9 (Reuters) - Ethiopia said on Friday it had no plans to invade arch-foe Eritrea, even as Asmara claimed for the fourth time in two weeks that Addis Ababa was preparing to launch an assault on the Red Sea state.

Tensions between the Horn of African neighbours have ratcheted up in recent weeks and now both nations are accused of moving troops closer to their disputed frontier.

"It should always be clear that Ethiopia does not have any reason or ambition to invade Eritrea other than protecting its sovereignty and peace," Information …

07 Nov 2007 description
report UN News Service

The continuing tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the failure to resolve their longstanding boundary dispute and the military build-up along their common border are causes for serious concern, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon states in a new report.

"There is no other option but for the two parties to find common ground that would allow the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission to proceed with the demarcation of the border," Mr.

05 Nov 2007 description

I. OVERVIEW

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hostilities restart; more likely is a protracted conflict on Eritrean soil, progressive destabilisation of Ethiopia and a dramatic humanitarian crisis.

01 Nov 2007 description
report Voice of America

By Peter Heinlein

The flow of Eritrean refugees pouring into Ethiopia has peaked recently, as the Horn of Africa rivals prepare for what could be their second war in a decade. Last month, as border tensions escalated, 700 new arrivals were registered at the Shimelba Camp, about 25 kilometers inside Ethiopia. Among the camp's inmates is VOA Tigrignia Service reporter Aklilu Solomon, who fled Eritrea last December after being imprisoned for a year and a half.

01 Nov 2007 description
report UN Security Council

I. Introduction

1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1320 (2000) of 15 September 2000, and provides an update on developments in the Mission area since my previous report, dated 18 July 2007 (S/2007/440). The report also describes the activities of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).

II. Situation in the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas

2.

01 Nov 2007 description

By Barry Malone

SHIMELBA, Ethiopia, Nov 1 (Reuters) - There is a settlement in Ethiopia where houses are in high demand, new restaurants and bars open often and nearly 700 people moved in last month alone.

But Shimelba is a refugee camp, not a boom town, and its residents -- exiles from neighbouring Eritrea whose ranks are swelling at an alarming rate -- are uniformly miserable.

Fears of a new war between the Horn of Africa rivals is raising tensions ahead of a deadline to demarcate their border this month, and many in Shimelba say they were forced to flee.

"People are …

26 Oct 2007 description

On 26 October 2007, 835 civilians were repatriated from Eritrea to Ethiopia under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

23 Oct 2007 description

Asmara, 23 October 2007- In a report it sent to the UN Secretary General, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) pointed out that it is unable to carry out its demarcation task due to the Ethiopian government's non-compliance.

In its official report sent to the United Nations today, the Commission indicated that Eritrea had fulfilled all that is expected of her.