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23 May 2018 description

A tropical cyclone developed on 16 May in the Gulf of Aden, between Yemen and Somalia, known as Cyclone Sagar. It hit Djibouti on 19 May causing heavy rains and flash floods (OCHA 22/05/2018;

06 Nov 2015 description
report Caritas

The events of 2015 in which hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants sought help in Europe show that walls and border security don’t prevent people from migrating, they just increase their suffering.

According to the United Nations Refugee Agency 59.5 million people were forced to emigrate from their places of origin due to armed conflicts, persecution, widespread violence and human rights violations by the end of 2014.

22 Jul 2011 description

Drought has caused famine in parts of Somalia and killed tens of thousands of people in recent months. The situation could get even worse unless proper action is taken urgently. In the Bakool and Lower Shabelle areas, acute malnutrition tops 50 percent and death rates exceed six per 10,000 people per day. Droughts have been a regular occurrence in the past in many parts of the world with grave consequences on food security and malnutrition. With climate change, severe droughts are likely to occur more often and to affect larger areas.

16 Jun 2010 description

Tens of thousands of Somali refugees have sought asylum in cities in neighboring countries but have long been overlooked by humanitarian actors. Many of these refugees have found ways to survive in Nairobi, Djibouti, Aden, and Sana'a and have become self-reliant, but others suffer from police harassment, arbitrary arrest and detention, and forced return. Registration and documentation should be the foundation of refugee protection in cities. Partnerships with community-based organizations and ongoing refugee profiling is essential to identify and serve the most vulnerable.

20 Dec 2009 description
report Human Rights Watch


For several years, tens of thousands of asylum seekers and refugees fleeing to Yemen from the volatile Horn of Africa region have endured terrible human rights abuses that have gone largely ignored by the outside world. Many have suffered violence or lost their lives while attempting the perilous sea crossing from the Horn.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

31 Oct 2008 description


"Eastern Africa" denotes the geographical are comprising the seven member states of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda. Tanzania is also included because it has had long historical and political interactions with Kenya and Uganda within the rubric of the East African Cooperation (EAC). The main challenges to human security in this region have originated from political and state fragility, resource scarcities, and environmental degradation.

03 Jul 2008 description


This paper highlights the major humanitarian trends and requirements for the Horn of Africa with a special focus on drought response and food crisis, for the period June to November 2008. Existing documents and reports from various organizations and working groups are summarized-in particular those from the regional Interagency working group on Food Security and Nutrition/FSNWG, FEWSNET, FSAU/Somalia.

28 Jun 2007 description

Paul Bartel and Jordan Muller

Executive Summary

The Horn of Africa (HOA), composed of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, suffers frequent natural disasters that commonly result in losses of life, destruction of infrastructure, and reduction of agricultural production. Formulating effective contingencies to respond to such emergencies is constrained by a limited understanding of the likelihood of a natural hazard occurring within a particular region and risks associated with that hazard.

30 May 2006 description

Yet again, drought has hit the Greater Horn of Africa. The UN estimates that at least 11 million people in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia are in crisis, making this the region's worst drought in a decade. The impact has been most severe in pastoral areas on the Ethiopia-Kenya-Somalia border, with reports of malnutrition levels far beyond emergency thresholds, (1) livestock losses of up to 70% (2) and the mass migration of pastoralists in search of water, food, jobs and relief aid.

06 Oct 2004 description

The Programmes proposed in this paper come in the context of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture development Programme (CAADP) which has been endorsed by the African Heads of State and Government as a framework for the restoration of agriculture growth, food security, and rural development in Africa.

30 Sep 2003 description

African Security Review Vol 12 No 3, 2003


21 Nov 2001 description

This report by Ben Watkins
21 November 2001 (HPN) - The benefits of free flows of humanitarian information are immense, but so too are the challenges, both institutional and technical, involved in establishing exchange mechanisms.

11 Dec 2000 description

Food insecurity in the Horn of Africa

Millions of people in the Horn of Africa are undernourished and at risk of famine. They suffer drought, conflict, a weak infrastructure and a limited livelihood base. But if the people and governments of the region are committed to working together, along with international nongovernmental organizations, they should be able to take far-reaching measures that ensure longterm food security.


06 Mar 2000 description

A summary of the basic economic and social statistics for the Horn of Africa countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda) with particular reference to the well-being of children.
Compiled from the original UNICEF publication. March 2000

Table 1: Basic indicators