Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia to vaccinate more than 1 million people against yellow fever
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 66 | 15 - 28 October 2018
- Ethiopia: Renewed influx of Eritrean refugees, 12th September to 13th October 2018
Over 15,000 Eritreans crossed into Ethiopia as of 26 September after two border crossing points were opened, with many traveling to refugee settlements. It brings the total number of Eritrean refugees in the Tigray region to almost 46,000 people.
Humanitarian assistance needs to be scaled up in the region to respond to this new influx of refugees.
This report compares current humanitarian crises based on their level of humanitarian access. Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints. Out of 44 countries included in the report, nearly half of them are currently facing critical humanitarian access constraints, with four countries (Eritrea, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen) being considered as inaccessible. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in eight countries, and 15 face low humanitarian access constraints.
Some 800,000 people have been displaced since 13 April due to intercommunal violence along the border of Gedeo and West Guji zones (642,152 people in Gedeo and 176,098 in West Guji zone). At least 75 people have died due to conflict.
The influx of IDPs in some areas has nearly doubled the population and resources are stretched beyond capacity. Humanitarian needs include food, shelter, NFI and WASH supplies.
Read more about Ethiopia
On 8 May, an outbreak of the Ebola virus was declared after two cases were confirmed in Bikoro Health Zone, Equateur province. 39 cases have been reported since early April, including 19 deaths (49% CFR). So far only Equateur province is affected, but there is a risk that the virus will spread elsewhere.
The Anglophone crisis continues to drive humanitarian needs in Northwest and Southwest regions.
In the last week of April, clashes between secessionists and the army escalated in Muyuka subdivision. Residents of at least two villages (Bafia and Munyenge) fled their homes. An estimated 40,000 people have been internally displaced by the violence in the past six months in two subdivisions of Southwest region alone.
Read more about Cameroon
Renewed fighting and strengthened presence of armed groups in eastern prefectures of CAR, particularly in Basse-Kotto and Mbomou, have increased insecurity and limited humanitarian access since early 2018.
Fighting also continues in western CAR: repeated cycles of violence since October 2017 in Gamboula sub-prefecture have displaced some 21,700 people within the sub-prefecture, and affected populations in transhumance areas, including Nassole and Dilapoko.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
Almost 900,000 people have been displaced since September in Oromia-Somali region due to conflict. There is limited humanitarian response. IDP children are particularly impacted by the crisis: over 84,000 children do not have access to education and up to 14,000 have been separated from their families. 120,000 under-5 children and 20,000 pregnant and lactating women are in need of nutrition assistance.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
The plague outbreak continues to evolve, with 387 suspected cases including 45 deaths (CFR: 11.6%) between 1 August and 8 October.
In contrast to past outbreaks, the 2017 outbreak has affected densely populated areas including the capital Antananarivo and Toamasina, and 277 cases have been identified as highly transmissible pneumonic plague. WHO estimates the overall risk of further spread to be very high.
The country’s weak health system requires support, especially isolation and treatment capacity, in order to respond effectively.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Ethiopia is now ranked as a Severe Humanitarian Crisis following the mid-year review in which an increased number of people were identified as needing humanitarian assistance, particularly in the food security and WASH sectors.
A severe food security and nutritional crisis is unfolding as a consequence of the drought that began in October 2016.
The Somali region is most affected and is experiencing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) outcomes are likely to manifest in poorer households by September.
SAM is at 4.6% and GAM at 35.6% in Turkana and Marsabit counties – double the emergency thresholds. Current rains mean cholera is expected to increase – it has been reported in Tana River county and in Dadaab refugee camps for the first time this year.
Dozens of hospitals have been hit by airstrikes since February 2017 - the Idlib governorate, where a recent chemical attack killed 89, has been particularly affected.
Many hospitals have stopped being functioning due to damage and health care personnel being killed or fleeing - putting an additional strain on the health system.
Some of those injured in the chemical in Idlib attack had to be transferred to hospitals in Turkey for treatment.
Anticipated scope and scale
More than 173,500 migrants have reached Italy so far in 2016, around 29,000 more than in the same period last year. While migrant flows are expected to continue, the rate is likely to fall in winter.
The estimated number of deaths on the Central Mediterranean route has grown disproportionately, to over 4,200 people this year compared to less than 2,900 at the same point in 2015. It is unknown how many people die on their journey though Africa
Between 3 and 22 September, an estimated 17,000 new refugees arrived from South Sudan. An estimated 1,000 people are arriving each day, fleeing insecurity and food shortages.
An outbreak of Rift Valley fever has affected at least 60 people and killed 23 in the border region with Mali. The disease has spread to 28 villages in three communes in Tchintabaraden, Tassara, and Abalak. Pastoralists are particularly vulnerable to infection.