Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Ethiopia - Round 13: September - October 2018
- Eritrea-Ethiopia peace leads to a refugee surge
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, October 2018 to May 2019
- Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Afar Region, Round 13: September/October 2018 - Summary of Key Findings
The International Organization for Migration (IOM)continues to be actively involved in anumber of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula. This report aims atproviding an overview ofthe trends observed in thefirst halfof 2018 in theregion, across Ethiopia,Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen.
In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing. Like for previous months, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) recorded the highest levels of incoming flows, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of outgoing flows. Migrants identified were mostly Somali (63%), Ethiopian (30%), and Djibutian (7%).
In September, a total of 26,212 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with August when 34,219 movements were observed; this decrease is attributed to the closure of five FMPs due to budgetary constraints as well as the decrease of movements in Bossasso and, to a lesser extent, Buuhoodle. The great majority of flows identified (68%) were incoming against 32% outgoing, reaching levels comparable to July 2018.
In August, a total of 34,219 individuals were recorded at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with July when 35,885 individuals were recorded. While the overall number of persons remained at similar levels, the percentage of inflows decreased in comparison with July (69% in July against 56% in August). Like in July, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) continued to record the highest number of entries for August, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of exits.
In July, a total of 35,885 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. This represents a decrease in comparison with June 2018 when a total of 42,074 individuals were recorded. In contrast with June 2018, the great majority of flows identified (69%) were entries against 31% exits. Harirad Flow Monitoring Point, located in the Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia, recorded the highest number of entries, while the Flow Monitoring Point located in Bossaso recorded the highest number of exits.
The month of June saw a significant increase in the number of migrants identified, with a total of 42,074 (compared to 31,662 individuals recorded in May 2018). Unlike previous months, movements recorded in June 2018 were mostly outflows, meaning individuals exiting Somalia (80%). Movements for the month of June 2018 were mainly seasonal (26%) or caused by natural disasters (26%). Bossaso port saw a significant increase of arrivals from Yemen, from 573 individuals in May 2018 to 1,163 for this month.
In May, a total of 31,464 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. This represents a slight increase in comparison with April 2018. The ratio of inflows and outflows remained relatively stable, with 63% of flows entering Somalia and 37% exiting Somalia. This month saw a significant increase of movements from Ethiopia to Somaliland, through the Harirad border point (4,083) along the Ethiopian border. Significant movements through the Lowyacado point (4,348) along the Djibouti border were also recorded.
In March, a total of 30,198 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with March 2018. The percentage of inflows in comparison of outflows has continuously increased since January 2018, reaching 65% of inflows and 35% of outflows for this month. Most movements have been recorded in Lower Juba region and northern Somalia (especially Buuhoodle border crossing point).
In March, a total of 33,525 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. While this represents a significant increase in the number of migrants identified in comparison with February 2018, this change is attributed to increased coverage of the DTM and improved methodology. Main movements were recorded in Lower Juba region. Dhobley (Lower Juba) border point recorded the highest number of exits while Buuhoodle (Togdheer) recorded the highest number of entries. 58% of all movements identified were inflows, while 42% were outflows.
In February, a total of 14,025 individuals were recorded in border crossing points, mainly in Lower Juba region. Dhobley border point had the highest number of entries (1,755 persons) and exits (2,155). 55% of all movements identified were inflows, while 45% were outflows. Countries of departure of inflows were mainly Kenya (68%), Ethiopia (18%), Djibouti (11%), and Yemen (3%). Countries of destination of outflows were mainly Kenya (75%), Ethiopia (15%), and Uganda (4%).
DTM monitors population movement at 12 border crossing locations between Somalia and neighbouring countries. Cross-border movements remained at similar levels until September 2017, when an increase was observed across Somalia due to droughts and conflicts. In October, a total of 7,590 individuals were recorded in the Gedo and Lower Juba regions, mainly in Doolow, Tulo Barwako, Dhobley, and Diif. Individuals were almost equally identified as entering (47%) and exiting (53%) Somalia.