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05 Sep 2018 description

Foreword from the Regional Director

Welcome to the August edition of the UN Migration Agency Bulletin for the East and Horn of Africa.
Like in many parts of the globe, migration continues to dominate debates in our region. On 6 August, IOM and its partners, launched a Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa and Yemen appealing to the international community for USD 45 million. It is the first of such plan to be launched ever.

30 Jul 2018 description

Foreword from the Regional Director

Welcome to the July edition of the UN Migration Agency Bulletin for the East and Horn of Africa.
Our region has much to celebrate after the historic breakthrough in Ethiopia and Eritrea relations. The signing of a Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship by the leaders of the two countries, and the subsequent restoration of air services and phone links, we hope, will lead to the free movement of people across their borders.

02 Jul 2018 description

IOM Provides Piped Water to Uganda’s Largest Refugee Settlement

04 Jun 2018 description

Reintegration Facility project launched in Somaliland

The European Union (EU)-funded "Reintegration Facility" project was launched on 24 April in Somaliland. The kick-off meeting event was hosted by the Somaliland Government, EU and IOM. The project will help migrants from Somaliland who have become stranded in African countries to return home voluntarily and reintegrate into their communities. It will also assist Ethiopians in Somaliland to return home and provide them with reintegration support.

15 May 2018 description
report World Vision

15 May 2017 - World Vision is rushing to respond to 1.2 million of people affected by flooding in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Continual rains have submerged homes, schools and businesses, displacing more than 700,000 people from their homes, and they are now camped out in tents on higher ground, in schools or other evacuation sites.

08 May 2018 description
report Islamic Relief

A recent spike in seasonal rainfall in parts of East Africa, which has previously been suffering from long periods of drought, has resulted in widespread flooding across large parts of Somalia, Kenya and now Ethiopia.

01 Apr 2018 description
  • The operational context during February was marked mainly by small-scale attacks, evictions, drought and the drying up the Shabelle river.
  • Consequently, February witnessed a slight increase in displacements, in cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera, and severe water shortages.
  • Monitoring agencies reported that food security improved but in the absence of assistance food security would deteriorate significantly.

Major developments

02 Mar 2018 description
report Oxfam

CONTEXT HIGHLIGHTS

The Horn of Africa has been hotter and drier than normal in January following an early cessation of seasonal rains around mid-December. This is likely to result in further deterioration of pasture and water resources, most notably in pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of Somalia, Ethiopia and parts of northern Kenya. Humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant, an estimated 7.4 million (latest figure) in Ethiopia, 6.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya will require food assistance in the first half of 2018.

19 Feb 2018 description
report Oxfam

The Horn and East Africa region has been affected by yet another drought with hardly any reprieve from the 2016 El Nino induced crisis. By end of March 2017 the UN estimated that 22.9 million people in the greater Horn were food insecure, a figure expected to rise as the crisis worsens. The number of people affected in the three countries is 8.5 million people in Ethiopia, 3.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya.

31 Jan 2018 description
  • Small-scale attacks by non-state armed actors, political tensions and clan conflicts were the main elements that marked the operational context in January.
  • In some areas, the continuation of small-scale incidents and political standoffs impacted persons of concerns by limiting access to humanitarian assistance.
  • In spite of slight overall improvement of food security, it is expected that ongoing conflict and drought will continue to impact people’s well-being.

Major developments

29 Jan 2018 description

The Government has decided to allocate SEK 800 million over four years (2018–2021) to the Strategy for Sweden’s regional development cooperation in sub-Saharan Africa. The strategy has been updated to more clearly focus on the link between humanitarian assistance and long-term development, particularly in the Horn of Africa countries. The Government considers that there is considerable potential for Sweden to contribute to increased resilience to crises and disasters, and to conflict prevention and conflict management regionally.

17 Jan 2018 description

Operating environment was marked with small-scale attacks, political tensions between the State of Puntland and ‘Somaliland’ and forced evictions.
Drought, insecurity and conflicts, remain key drivers of displacement and lack of comprehensive land tenure framework remains one of the key drivers for forced evictions.
According to monitoring agencies drought will continue in 2018 and can lead to further increased vulnerability of persons of concern.

Major developments

A whole-of-society approach – a new improved way of UNHCR response

15 Jan 2018 description

FACTS & FIGURES

3.3 million people are experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity

1.2 million acutely malnourished children expected in 2018

1 in 7 children dies before age 5

2.1 million internally displaced

Over 870 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR, UNICEF)

EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017

Introduction

10 Jan 2018 description
report Oxfam
  • 22.9M People affected by drought in the region

  • 15M Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia

  • 1.8 M People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions

  • $1.5 billion Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap

Context Highlights

26 Dec 2017 description

Somalia continues to face political instability, humanitarian crisis and clan conflicts.

Due to ongoing conflicts, drought and food insecurity more than one million people have been newly displaced in 2017.

Monitoring agencies expecting that humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate.

POPULATION OF CONCERN 1.69 M

FUNDING (AS OF 28 NOVEMBER) USD 118.7 M

Major Developments

2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview

28 Nov 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Food security in Somalia deteriorated between August and October due to ongoing conflict and drought conditions

• USAID partners in Kenya remain prepared to respond to civil unrest following the country’s repeat election in October

• Nearly 40 percent of the approximately 578,000 IDPs in Ethiopia’s Oromiya Region lack adequate shelter

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

17 Nov 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund
  • 11.4 million children are at risk of of malnutrition, water shortages, lack of health services, child protection violations and disruption to their education

  • 758,000 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition

  • 7.6 million children are in need of water

  • At least 3.4 million children are at risk of dropping out of school

16 Nov 2017 description

Political standoff between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal Member States, clan conflicts and floods impacted the humanitarian situation in Somalia.

Meanwhile, drought and armed conflicts and insecurity were among key drivers for continuing internal displacement Military offensives, political tensions and Deyr rains could further worsen the humanitarian situation and increase the vulnerability of persons of concern.

POPULATION OF CONCERN 1.69 M

FUNDING (AS OF 27 OCTOBER)
USD 118.7 M requested for Somalia

15 Nov 2017 description
report Oxfam

Key Statistics

  • 22.9 million People affected by drought in the region

  • 15 million People facing crisis and emergency food Insecurity

  • 1.8 million People in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions

  • $1,612,000 million Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap

CONTEXT UPDATE

19 Oct 2017 description

FACTS & FIGURES

3.1 million people experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity

1.26 million acutely malnourished children in 2017 916 000 people internally displaced due to drought & conflict in 2017

Over 875 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR,
UNICEF)

EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017

Introduction