Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- Ethiopia: Some 1,786 Displaced Persons Return Home
- ‘Wind of hope’ blowing through Horn of Africa says UN chief, as Ethiopia and Eritrea sign historic peace accord
- Countries from IGAD team up to end polio: The three Ministers of Health jointly launch to vaccinate about six million under-five children
- Displaced Ethiopians, returnees need continued support
Updates on achievements
Over 819,000 Somalis are living outside their county as asylum-seekers and refugees. The majority (767,500) live in neighbouring countries of Ethiopia (256,000), Kenya (255,500) and Yemen (256,000). UNHCR strives to find durable solutions for Somali refugees to enable them to rebuild their lives either in the country of asylum, resettle to a third country or by supporting voluntary return. So far, UNHCR has assisted 83,669 refugees to return to Somalia in safety and dignity from nine different countries of asylum.
15 May 2017 - World Vision is rushing to respond to 1.2 million of people affected by flooding in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Continual rains have submerged homes, schools and businesses, displacing more than 700,000 people from their homes, and they are now camped out in tents on higher ground, in schools or other evacuation sites.
- The operational context during February was marked mainly by small-scale attacks, evictions, drought and the drying up the Shabelle river.
- Consequently, February witnessed a slight increase in displacements, in cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera, and severe water shortages.
- Monitoring agencies reported that food security improved but in the absence of assistance food security would deteriorate significantly.
The Horn of Africa has been hotter and drier than normal in January following an early cessation of seasonal rains around mid-December. This is likely to result in further deterioration of pasture and water resources, most notably in pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of Somalia, Ethiopia and parts of northern Kenya. Humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant, an estimated 7.4 million (latest figure) in Ethiopia, 6.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya will require food assistance in the first half of 2018.
The Horn and East Africa region has been affected by yet another drought with hardly any reprieve from the 2016 El Nino induced crisis. By end of March 2017 the UN estimated that 22.9 million people in the greater Horn were food insecure, a figure expected to rise as the crisis worsens. The number of people affected in the three countries is 8.5 million people in Ethiopia, 3.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya.
- Small-scale attacks by non-state armed actors, political tensions and clan conflicts were the main elements that marked the operational context in January.
- In some areas, the continuation of small-scale incidents and political standoffs impacted persons of concerns by limiting access to humanitarian assistance.
- In spite of slight overall improvement of food security, it is expected that ongoing conflict and drought will continue to impact people’s well-being.
Operating environment was marked with small-scale attacks, political tensions between the State of Puntland and ‘Somaliland’ and forced evictions.
Drought, insecurity and conflicts, remain key drivers of displacement and lack of comprehensive land tenure framework remains one of the key drivers for forced evictions.
According to monitoring agencies drought will continue in 2018 and can lead to further increased vulnerability of persons of concern.
A whole-of-society approach – a new improved way of UNHCR response
FACTS & FIGURES
3.3 million people are experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity
1.2 million acutely malnourished children expected in 2018
1 in 7 children dies before age 5
2.1 million internally displaced
Over 870 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR, UNICEF)
EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017
22.9M People affected by drought in the region
15M Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
1.8 M People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
$1.5 billion Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
Somalia continues to face political instability, humanitarian crisis and clan conflicts.
Due to ongoing conflicts, drought and food insecurity more than one million people have been newly displaced in 2017.
Monitoring agencies expecting that humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate.
POPULATION OF CONCERN 1.69 M
FUNDING (AS OF 28 NOVEMBER) USD 118.7 M
2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview