Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #10 – Reporting Period: October 2018
- Ethiopia to vaccinate more than 1 million people against yellow fever
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Ethiopia: Renewed influx of Eritrean refugees, 12th September to 13th October 2018
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
Somalia: An estimated 761,000 Somalis have been internally displaced by drought between November 2016 and 23 June 2017. More than 22,000 displacements were recorded between 1 and 23 June, of whom 13,500 individuals arrived in Baidoa town from remote villages in Berdaale, Dinsoor and Qansahdhere districts in Bay region and Rabdhuure district in Bakool. The cities of Baidoa (174,280) and Mogadishu (161,100) host 44% of these displaced people.
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
(Nairobi, 13 June 2017): International partners have made financial pledges in support of humanitarian response efforts in the drought-hit Horn of Africa after a visit to Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya.
A delegation led by the African Union and the United Nations concluded a five-day visit to the Horn of Africa in Nairobi, Kenya on Tuesday, after visiting drought-affected communities in Ethiopia and Somalia. It included representatives from Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the African Development Bank, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and the World Bank.
The regional consensus climate outlook for the June to September 2017 rainfall season indicates that most of Somalia, Kenya, and southern Ethiopia will remain dry. Ethiopia’s Afar region and southwestern Uganda will likely experience near normal to below normal rains. Normal to above normal rainfall is expected across central and western Ethiopia, northern Kenya and central Uganda; while northern Ethiopia, parts of northern Uganda, coastal Somalia, coastal and western Kenya will likely experience above normal rainfall and floods.
Key mission findings
The majority of drought-related displacement has occurred within regions, with people migrating from rural to urban areas while there are “climate refugees” who came from Somali region of Ethiopia. The pull factor of IDPs to Gaalkacyo is the presence of humanitarian organizations proving assistance.
Local authorities (north Gaalkayco) noted that drought and conflict are the major causes of displacements with more than 40,000 people having been displaced by the drought since January
The late onset of seasonal rains (March-May) has affected central, northwestern and southeastern Kenya, Uganda’s Karamoja region, and southern and central Somalia.
Flash floods are ongoing in Somalia’s Bari, Madung and Bay regions. FAO SWALIM expects increased water levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins.
In Kenya , torrential rains have caused floods and landslides in Kwale, Mombasa, Taita Taveta and Garissa counties, including in Dadaab camp.
The Horn of Africa is facing one of the worst droughts in decades, leaving more than 14 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in urgent need of food assistance. Extensive crop failures, record low vegetation coupled with livestock death and limited water resources are affecting the region.
Rainfall Outlook: April - June 2017
Rainfall performance: March 2017
Since November 2016, around 444,000 people have been internally displaced in Somalia due to drought. On average, over 8,000 people a day are forced to abandon their homes in search of water and food. Around 81,000 IDPs have arrived in Baidoa since November in search of food and water.
Rainfall forecast (mm)
Rainfall performance: Between March 1 and 10, Djibouti, Somalia, central and eastern Ethiopia, and northeastern and eastern Kenya recorded less than 6 millimetres of rainfall. Less than 75 per cent of the long term average rainfall was observed over much of Ethiopia and Kenya, in parts of Uganda, and in southwestern Somalia. However moderately wet conditions prevailed in northeastern Ethiopia and northern Somalia during March due to rainfall at 125 per cent levels compared to the long term average.
• Depletion of water sources and lack of sanitation facilities have led to a sharp increase in cases of AWD/cholera in 12 of 18 regions, in particular in Bay and Bakool regions. Case fatality rates at 2.3 per cent are of serious concern.
Oral cholera vaccination campaign launched
The Horn of Africa is facing one of the worst droughts in decades, leaving almost 12 million people in Ethiopia and Somalia in urgent need of food assistance. Extensive crop failures, record low vegetation coupled with livestock death and limited water resources are affecting Somalia and South and Eastern Ethiopia. CERF has released a total of $36.5 million to help 2.8 million people - more than 20% of the affected population - in Somalia and Ethiopia.