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16 Aug 2018 description

Summary highlight

VDPVs from environm ental samples

➢No new cVDPV2 isolates from environmental samples. The date of collection of most recent positive environmental sample was on 17th May 2018

➢No new cVDPV3 isolate from environmental samples. The date of collection of most recent positive environmental sample for cVDPV3 in Somalia was on 19th April 2018

➢In total, 10 cVDPV2 and seven (7) cVDPV3 viruses have been isolated from environmental samples in 2018 compared to two (2) VDPV2s and 0 VDPV3 in 2017

16 May 2017 description

Key mission findings

The majority of drought-related displacement has occurred within regions, with people migrating from rural to urban areas while there are “climate refugees” who came from Somali region of Ethiopia. The pull factor of IDPs to Gaalkacyo is the presence of humanitarian organizations proving assistance.

Local authorities (north Gaalkayco) noted that drought and conflict are the major causes of displacements with more than 40,000 people having been displaced by the drought since January

24 Nov 2013 description

NAIROBI, Kenya, 22 November 2013 - It has been six months since a polio outbreak hit the Horn of Africa, affecting some 200 children and adults in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. Today, the progression of the outbreak has significantly eased off, thanks to the rapid response by the region’s governments and their partners. The risk of the virus continuing to spread, however, remains high.

01 Oct 2013 description

Disease outbreak news

1 OCTOBER 2013 - Three suspected cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) from South Sudan are currently being investigated. All three patients are girls, two of whom are approximately two-years-old and one is eight-years-old. All had previously been immunized with oral polio vaccine (OPV).

11 Nov 2011 description

Rainy season and insecurity

Effects of the rainy season

27 Sep 2011 description

27 September, 2011 ¦ Nairobi – A new field hospital was installed last week in Dolow Somalia, nearby the Ethiopian border to provide medical aid to thousands of Somali refugees fleeing towards the border areas. The hospital will be operated and managed by WHO. The world health body is providing medical professionals to staff the facility as well as all the needed medical supplies and equipment.

31 Aug 2011 description

Health situation overview

The Horn of Africa crisis is putting close to 13 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, 4.8 million reside in Ethiopia, 3.7 million in Somalia, 3.7 million in Kenya, 600 000 in Uganda and 165 000 in Djibouti. In Somalia, drought and conflict have displaced around 1.5 million people within the country and forced up to 420 000 people to seek help in Kenya and Ethiopia. In July, daily arrivals in each country ranged from 1300 to 1700. The majority are women and children.

High levels of malnutrition

10 Aug 2011 description

Key Highlights

  • 162, 579 children aged 6-59 months vaccinated against measles in NE Kenya

  • Measles outbreak among refugees in Dolo Ado, Ethiopia

10 Aug 2011 description

WHO calls for US$ 23.4 million to counter malnutrition and the spread of disease in the Horn of Africa

10 August 2011 Geneva -- The worst drought in decades in the Horn of Africa is putting the health of 12.4 million people at risk from disease and widespread malnutrition.

20 Jul 2011 description

Regional overview

20 July 2011 -- Drought and food insecurity in the Horn of Africa have exhausted the regular coping mechanisms of affected communities. The resulting crisis is taking a heavy toll on the health of populations in Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti.

Over ten million people are at high risk, of which 2.85 million reside in Somalia, and another 3.2 million and 3.5 million in Ethiopia and Kenya respectively. These numbers are expected to increase in the second half of the year with no sign of relief until 2012.

14 Jul 2011 description

In the Horn of Africa, increasingly frequent drought episodes punctuated by ever shorter recovery periods have exhausted the coping capacity of communities in a region where resources and services are already scarce. The resulting depletion of household resources is having a serious impact on the general health and nutritional status of the population.

09 Jul 2011 description

8 July 2011 -- The Horn of Africa is facing what has been described as the worst drought in over half a century. Around ten million people in Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia and Uganda are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. In Somalia, where the drought is compounded by the escalating conflict, tens of thousands of people have fled to the neighbouring countries of Ethiopia and Kenya, where many of them are living in overcrowded camps without adequate health care, clean water or proper sanitation.

16 May 2007 description

Essential Information - SOMALIA:

Total Assessed Caseloads:

a) Total number of beneficiaries planned for 2007 across Somalia: 1,000,000 (including IDPs).

b) Total number of beneficiaries planned for 2007 in South/Central only: 800,000 (including 600,000 original beneficiaries, 150,000 recent IDPs & 50,000 contingency)

c) Number of IDPs as reported by UNHCR: 395,000

Total MT distributed:

a) since 1 January 2007 across Somalia: 28,171 MT to 808,000 beneficiaries (including IDPs)

b) since 1 January 2007 in south/central Somalia only: 24,639 MT to 695,000 beneficiaries …

30 Nov 2006 description


After the crisis of the first half of this year, starting with the long rains in July, and now, since late October, because of the short rains, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia have been experiencing heavy downpours that deepen the humanitarian crisis facing the same communities already affected by the drought. Records and forecasts covering October to December 2006(1) show rainfalls above the normal.

07 Sep 2006 description

Millions of children along the borders of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia will be vaccinated in the largest ever cross-border immunization to cut transmission of the poliovirus.

WHO Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - 7 September 2006: Countries in the Horn of Africa are increasing their level of planning, coordination and streamlining their polio eradication strategies to cut the corridor of transmission of the poliovirus.

13 Sep 2005 description

Joint News Release WHO/Rotary International/CDC/UNICEF/42

17 Jun 2005 description

With polio continuing to spread in nearby Ethiopia and Yemen, campaign rushes to protect Somali children

17 JUNE 2005 | NAIROBI, KENYA -- On 17 June, Somalia will launch a nationwide polio immunization campaign, to urgently protect the country's children from life-long paralysis caused by the disease.