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17 Sep 2004 description

Note: This report updates Somalia Fact Sheet #1 dated March 31, 2004.


Since the collapse of Muhammad Siad Barre's government in January 1991, Somalia has existed without an internationally recognized national government and suffered from outbreaks of armed conflict between rival clan groups.

24 Jun 2004 description

Update of El Niño
Synopsis: ENSO-neutral conditions are expected to continue during the next three months.

Oceanic and atmospheric conditions in the Pacific basin continued to reflect the neutral phase of the ENSO cycle during May 2004. Sea surface temperatures were warmer-than-average in the western and central equatorial Pacific (Niño 3.4 and 4 regions) and cooler-than-average in the eastern equatorial Pacific (Niño 3 and 1+2 regions) during the month.

10 Jun 2004 description

June 2 Locust Update: from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Swarms expected to form in NW Africa and move to Sahel

29 Apr 2004 description

CCA Guidance for August - September - October at 4 Months Lead
This week we focus on the outlooks for August-October for the following areas; the Sahel, the Gulf of Guinea and northeast Africa with four months lead-time.


22 Apr 2004 description

Africa Weather Hazards Assessment Text Explanation

April 22-28, 2004

01 Apr 2004 description

CCA Guidance for Northeast Africa Rainfall in April - June 2004 at One Month Lead

24 Mar 2004 description

CCA Guidance for Gulf of Guinea Rainfall in April-June 2004 at One Month Lead

23 Dec 2003 description

Africa Weather Hazards Assessment Text Explanation December 25-31, 2003

14 Nov 2003 description
report IRIN

ADDIS ABABA, 14 November (IRIN) - Sam Amoo is heading a pan-African programme for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), aimed at boosting the continent's conflict resolution capabilities. In the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, he told IRIN why efforts often fail because peace builders arrive with ready-made answers, and how it is up to Africans to find solutions to the conflicts that ravage the continent.

25 Apr 2003 description

Mogadishu (dpa) - More than 27 Somali and Ethiopian refugees are believed to have died as they were forced off two boats on their way across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia to Yemen.

The acting counsellor of the Somali embassy in Yemen, Hussein Hajji Ahmed Mohammed, told Deutsche Presse-Agentur, dpa on Friday he had been speaking to survivors of the boating disaster who were forced to swim ashore after the boat started taking water.

The refugees claimed they were beaten by the crew as they tried to get to an upper part of the boat when the lower areas started to fill with water.

28 Jan 2003 description

Geneva (dpa) - Over 17.5 million people are in urgent need of food relief on the Horn of Africa, said a spokesperson for the U.N. World Food Programme on Tuesday in Geneva.

12 Aug 2002 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 12 August (IRIN) - A number of priority issues must urgently be addressed - by governments, aid agencies, donors, media, and local communities directly affected - in order to avert famine in the Horn of Africa, according to a discussion paper from the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning System (FEWS Net) and the international aid agency, CARE.

15 Jul 2002 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 15 July (IRIN) - The Horn of Africa region has become a leading destination for illicit weapons, which have in turn fuelled insecurity, economic decline, and political instability, a small arms conference in Nairobi was told on Friday.

03 Jun 2002 description

By Mike Crawley, dpa

Hargeisa (dpa) - Faduma Abdi stopped being a refugee seven months ago, but still lives like one.

Her home is a dome-shaped hut made of scraps of cloth and empty food-aid sacks pitched on a dusty plot of land in Hargeisa, capital of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland, in northwestern Somalia.

She ekes out a living selling cups of sweet tea.

21 May 2002 description
report IRIN

ADDIS ABABA, 21 May (IRIN) - Ethiopia has said Somalia's Transitional National Government (TNG) is trying to "scuttle" the country's forthcoming peace talks after the TNG accused Addis Ababa of meddling in Somali politics.

01 May 2002 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 1 May (IRIN) - An effort by Ethiopia to mediate between the current and former leaders of the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland, northeastern Somalia, has failed, according to local sources.