Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Multi-Sectoral Intervention Vital to Accelerate Reduction of Stunting: Researchers
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 66 | 15-28 October 2018
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Mai-Aini Refugee Camp - Camp Profile Shire 31 October 2018
- Hitsats Refugee Camp - Camp Profile Shire 31 October 2018
Conflict continues to drives high needs, but some food security improvements expected
Since mid-July, persistent and well above-average seasonal rains in Sudan caused significant levels of flooding. According to reports, over 45,000 people have been affected in West Kordofan, Kassala, El Gezira, Sennar, and Northern states. Meanwhile, large areas of western Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and northern Uganda have experienced significant rainfall deficits for the past month, resulting in soil and crop moisture stress.
Enhanced seasonal rains and likely flooding are forecast for northern parts of the region
June to September seasonal rains are fully established in the northern sector of the region, as above-average rainfall amounts have been received across parts of Sudan, western Ethiopia, and northern South Sudan, helping ease localized early season deficits. These enhanced rains have largely benefited early season agricultural activities in these countries.
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
Deyr rains performed poorly in October in southern Somalia, with increases in early November
The onset of the Deyr (October to December) season was significantly delayed over parts of southern and central Somalia by 20-30 days. Rainfall totals in October were less than 50 percent of average, following by increases in rainfall during the first 10 days of November. Seasonal performance has been better in neighboring areas Ethiopia, where rainfall has been average to above average.
Deyr rains perform poorly in early October in southern and central Somalia
The Deyr (October to December) season is delayed over southern and central Somalia, with rainfall totals less than 80 percent of average across many areas. In southeastern Ethiopia, rainfall has been average to slightly above average, but concentrated within 1-2 days of rainfall.
- Rainfall was above average during September over much of Sudan, northeastern South Sudan, and the western and central highlands of Ethiopia, which has generally been the case since the start of the season in June. In Sudan, localized areas are expected to face below average production due to mid-season dryness and severe flooding, while Fall Armyworm remains a concern in some areas of Ethiopia.
March to May rains performed poorly over many areas of the Horn of Africa
Increased rainfall in December improves production prospects in the Eastern Horn
Rainfall performance has been above average in most areas that are depend on the October to December “short rains” season, mostly over the Eastern Horn of Africa. This rainfall, which is attributable to the very strong and ongoing El Niño event, created favorable conditions for crop production.
Flooding likely between October and December in eastern Horn of Africa
Widespread and well above-average amounts of March to May rains fell in East Africa
Heavy rains characterized the onset of March to May rains in Eastern Africa
• The onset of March to May rains have been timely across the cropping, agropastoral, and pastoral areas of Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda,
Burundi, Uganda, and Tanzania in the areas that receive these rains. The rains started between mid-March and the first week of April. They have been heavier-than-normal in most areas(Figure 1).
Late December and early January rains reduced some seasonal rainfall deficits in the eastern Horn
The October to December rains, which are important in the eastern Horn of Africa, continued into mid-January, reducing some of the deficits that had lasted through the first half of December.
Nevertheless, cumulative, seasonal rainfall deficits remain in several areas of the eastern Horn.
- Horn of Africa remains precarious
- Crisis persists in Great Lakes
- Deteriorating humanitarian situation in South Sudan
- Urban food security of concern in Kenya
- Gains in fighting malnutrition in Kenya remain fragile
- WHO concerned by cholera in Kismayo, Somalia
- Food security interventions ramped up in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia works to increase refugee hosting capacity
Key rains begin in the northern and western sectors of the region
Key Messages from the FSNWG meeting held May 17, 2012 (FSNWG, 17/05/12)
The current rains intensified late in the season and have largely been beneficial to most parts of the region.
However, significant rainfall deficits remain over the eastern horn of the region which is likely to affect crop production in eastern Kenya, southern Somalia and southern Ethiopia.
Horn of Africa Drought
Much of the Horn of Africa continuous to face the largest humanitarian crisis in the world today, in terms of scale and and severity, with more than 13 million people being severely affected and still in urgent need of humanitarian aid: in Somalia (4 million), Kenya (4.3 million), Ethiopia (4.8 million) and Djibouti (about 200 000)(OCHA, 11/12/11).