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28 Oct 2014 description

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative’s 2013-18 Strategic Plan set a clear first objective: to stop wild polio virus transmission globally by the end of 2014. To deliver this formidable goal, the polio-infected countries and their partners made huge financial and operational pledges to complete the job they had started 25 years previously.

With just weeks to go until the end of 2014, this global target will not be achieved. The virus continues to thrive in two parts of the world that it has never been dislodged from.

11 Jun 2014 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Eighteen months ago, as 2012 drew to a close, optimism was running high for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Polio transmission in India had been interrupted. The three remaining endemic countries (Pakistan, Nigeria, Afghanistan) had made significant programmatic improvements. Some believed that success was imminent; that polio would soon be history.
Within a matter of months, this optimism quickly unwound:

• Targeted killing of polio vaccinators in Pakistan shocked the world and created major operational constraints.

09 May 2014 description

Polio declared public health emergency of international concern: After several days of consultation with the Emergency Committee which was convened under the International Health Regulations, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General has determined that the spread of wild poliovirus (WPV) to three countries – during what is normally the low-transmission season – is an 'extraordinary event' and a public health risk to other countries.

29 Apr 2014 description

Polio this week

The data table below is as of 23 April 2014

  • Pakistan continues to be the country with most polio cases in the world this year. This week, five new cases were reported (two wild poliovirus type 1 – WPV1, and three circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – cVDPV2). Four of the cases are from Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and one is from Gadap, greater Karachi.

03 Apr 2014 description

The data table below is as of 2 April 2014

  • The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) has met in Geneva on 1-3 April to discuss measures to prevent further international spread of polio, progress in eliminating wild and vaccine derived poliovirus and the status of the preparation for global OPV2 withdrawal. Final recommendations will be published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record.

12 Mar 2014 description

The data table below is as of 12 March 2014

  • In Cameroon, two new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases are reported this week, from 2014. The new cases confirm continued transmission of this strain and geographic expansion of infected areas following detection of four cases in October.
  • Newsweek Pakistan published an in-depth interview with Dr Hamid Jafari, WHO, about the current situation of polio eradication in Pakistan. The interview can be accessed here.
22 Jan 2014 description

The data table below is as of 22 January 2014

The first four cases wild poliovirus cases type 1 (WPV1) have been reported for 2014. All cases were reported from North Waziristan, FATA, Pakistan. North Waziristan is the district with the largest number of children being paralyzed by poliovirus in the world. As long as polio still exists in reservoirs like North Waziristan, the world will always be at risk of outbreaks.

08 Jan 2014 description

The data table below is as of 08 January 2014

  • India will reach a great milestone in polio eradication on 13 January - three years since its last case of wild poliovirus! India was once thought to be the most difficult country in which to achieve polio eradication.

31 Dec 2013 description

The data table below is as of 31 December 2013. The text is as of 18 December 2013.

As the year 2013 draws to a close, the GPEI takes stock:

  • In Afghanistan, no indigenous cases of wild poliovirus have occured all year - all cases are linked to cross-border tansmission with neighbouring Pakistan.

24 Dec 2013 description

The data table below is as of 24 December 2013. The text is as of 18 December 2013.

As the year 2013 draws to a close, the GPEI takes stock:

  • In Afghanistan, no indigenous cases of wild poliovirus have occured all year - all cases are linked to cross-border tansmission with neighbouring Pakistan.

11 Dec 2013 description
  • New cases reported in Pakistan, including in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Sindh. See ‘Pakistan’ section below for more.

  • The draft strategic plan for outbreak response in the Middle East is now available online here.

Afghanistan

15 Aug 2013 description
  • The Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) will meet for the ninth time in London, United Kingdom (UK), on Tuesday 1 October and Wednesday 2 October 2013. The IMB will meet with representatives of polio-affected countries and Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners and stakeholders. Anyone wishing to attend the IMB meeting is encouraged to contact Dr Paul Rutter of the IMB Secretariat: imb-prutter@polioeradication.org.
31 Jul 2013 description

• In Nigeria, the Presidential Task Force has reviewed the latest epidemiology of poliovirus transmission and strategies to overcome remaining challenges. A new risk-classification system of low-performing areas aims to focus resources where they are most needed. See ‘Nigeria’ section for more.

04 Jul 2013 description
  • Last week, 20,000 Rotarians from 160 countries gathered in Lisbon, Portugal for the annual Rotary International Convention. Rotary and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced an extension of their existing fundraising partnership that could generate up to US$525 million for polio eradication. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will match two dollars for every new dollar Rotary commits to polio eradication, up to US$35 million per year, through 2018. More.

27 Jun 2013 description
  • In Pakistan, the WPV1 outbreak in Bara in Khyber Agency (Federally Administered Tribal Areas – FATA), is continuing. Seven cases have now been reported since end-April. This outbreak is the major WPV reservoir in all of Asia, and is threatening progress achieved elsewhere in the country and in neighbouring Afghanistan. See ‘Pakistan’ section below for more.

13 Jun 2013 description

Polio this week - As of 12 June 2013

19 Aug 2011 description

World Humanitarian Day has been celebrated by over 40 countries worldwide on 19 August since 2009. The day was chosen to commemorate the death of 22 humanitarian workers who, in 2003, were killed when the UN Office in Iraq was bombed.

Among those killed was Sergio Viera de Mello, the UN’s High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Representative of the Secretary-General to Iraq. His widow, who set up the Sergio Viera de Mello Foundation, fought for 19 August to be recognised as World Humanitarian Day.

18 Sep 2009 description

Lawrence Woocher

About the Report

This report originates from the United States Institute of Peace's Center for Conflict Analysis and Prevention, which conducts research, identifies best practices, and develops new tools for anticipating, analyzing, and preventing violent conflict. The report argues for an enhanced global focus on the prevention of violent conflict relative to more reactive approaches.

07 May 2009 description

Rome, 7 May 2009 - Following the disastrous 2005 earthquake in Pakistan, several humanitarian organizations came forward to help households who had lost their livestock to rebuild herds and flocks by providing replacement animals.

But most of the animal shelters in the affected areas had been destroyed, and there was also a major shortage of winter feed.

23 Dec 2005 description

This week 's report covers the following sectors:Agriculture, Coordination and Support Services, Food, Health, Refugees and IDPs, Shelter and Non-food Items, Security