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03 Jul 2018 description

by Kevin Mwanza | @kainvestor | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Tuesday, 3 July 2018 13:43 GMT

By Kevin Mwanza

NAIROBI, July 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Some 300,000 Kenyans who depend on Turkana - the world's biggest desert lake - could run short of drinking water and fish if Ethiopia moves ahead with plans to construct two more dams on a river upstream, activists said.

28 Sep 2017 description

This report documents interviews with stakeholders conducted in India, Kenya and Ethiopia to begin to understand how they do, and could, use the science of extreme event attribution (EEA), so that any future analyses in the region can take account of user needs. This report first details other academic reports on extreme weather events and the implications for decision makers, then it summarises and illustrates the results of the interviews organised into three areas (usefulness of EEA, potential usefulness of EEA, and limitations of EEA), before drawing out some key conclusions.

14 Feb 2017 description
report Human Rights Watch

Lake Turkana water levels down, further drop expected

(Nairobi) – Dropping water levels in Kenya’s Lake Turkana following the development of dams and plantations in Ethiopia’s lower Omo Valley threaten the livelihoods of half a million indigenous people in Ethiopia and Kenya, Human Rights Watch said today.

08 Dec 2016 description

Martina Ulrichs and Rachel Slater

In this BRACED working paper we present a synthesis of findings from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda on the role of social protection programmes in contributing to people’s capacity to absorb, anticipate and adapt to climate-related shocks and stresses.

13 May 2016 description
file preview
English version

Executive Summary

2016 is set to be an important year for a programming shift in the Kenya refugee operation. Reorientation from traditional care and maintenance in the camps, towards truly solutions-oriented programming, is starting to take root in response to the new circumstances and unprecedented global challenges.

12 Aug 2015 description

BACKGROUND

Kambioos is the newest of the five Dadaab camps. It was established in August 2011 and officially recognized by the Kenyan government in January 2013. The camp was originally planned for a population of 100,000 and can help reduce the population pressure in other camps. Relocation of people from the overcrowded outskirts of Hagadera has started and Kambioos has been receiving urban refugee from Nairobi.

12 Aug 2015 description

BACKGROUND

Hagadera was established in 1992 and is the largest and third oldest camp in the Dadaab operation. The camp has one of the biggest markets in the region and a dynamic economy.

12 Aug 2015 description

BACKGROUND

Established in 1991, Ifo is the oldest of the five refugee camps in Dadaab, currently accommodating refugees from ten countries. Due to the influx of new arrivals fleeing war and famine in Somalia in 2010/11, the neighbouring Ifo 2 camp was established in 2011 to decrease population pressure in Ifo.

12 Aug 2015 description

BACKGROUND

Ifo 2 is one of the newest refugee camps in Dadaab. It was opened in July 2011, to decongest Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Ifo 2 is divided into two sub-camps, Ifo 2 East and Ifo 2 West, and demarcated into 18 sections comprising of four to nine blocks each.

25 Mar 2015 description

1. Executive Summary

The Kenya refugee operation is often cited as an example of a protracted refugee situation with traditional refugee camps in place for the past 20 or so years. In the last four years, however, the operation has been anything but static in responding to two major influxes from neighbouring countries while undergoing a transition in terms of partnerships and innovations in assistance delivery.

13 Jan 2015 description
report The Guardian

Kenyans near world’s largest desert lake predict conflict, hunger and cultural devastation when hydroelectric project is completed

People living near Lake Turkana in northern Kenya have little understanding that the fresh water essential to their development is likely to dry up when a huge hydoelectric dam in neighbouring Ethiopia is completed.

22 May 2014 description
file preview
Report factsheet

Extreme weather drives displacement from the Horn of Africa

UN University and Norwegian Refugee Council: Thousands of people in the Horn of Africa are at risk of being displaced across borders as extreme weather increases in frequency.

25 Nov 2013 description
report EastAfrican

By JEFF OTIENO, The EastAfrican

IN SUMMARY
- The frequency of droughts, floods and unpredictable rainfall have increased, impacting negatively on the region’s food security status.

John Obuom, a 43-year-old farmer from Nyando Basin in western Kenya, knows very well how devastating the effects of climate change can be not only for an individual but also for a whole community.

For many years, the vagaries of weather hit his family in the most vital place of all — the dinner table.

14 Feb 2013 description

By: Nora Ferm

The drylands of East Africa are home to millions of pastoralists, herders who move from place to place in search of water and pasture for their livestock. Drought years are tough for these families, who depend on their animals—cows, goats, sheep and camels—for both food and income. In a drought, pasture and water become much harder to find, and the livestock can weaken and die.

Now, climate change is making matters worse. Seasonal rains are becoming less predictable, and droughts more frequent and more severe.

25 Sep 2012 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 25 September 2012 (IRIN) - Faced with environmental degradation that threatens the livelihoods of many people in Africa, a group of 50 religious leaders met in Nairobi earlier this month and pledged to take concrete steps to mitigate the effects of climate change.

In Kenya, the Anglican Church, with an estimated five million followers, committed to increase the country’s forest cover by 10 percent over the next four years, and to promote soil conservation in 100,000 households.

20 Feb 2012 description

Mapping of grazing corridors for the Garre and Degodia clans in Wajir and Mandera Counties in Northern Kenya and Moyale, Dolo Ado, Filtu and Hudet Woredas in Southern Ethiopia

Background

16 Dec 2011 description

Kristalina Georgieva
European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response
The role and the coherence of EU policies in changing the global food system
High-level panel "Preventing another Famine in the Horn of Africa", 2011 European Development Days

Warsaw, 16 December 2011 - The famine in the Horn of Africa is the greatest humanitarian crisis that the world is facing. Over 13 million people have been affected. Hundreds of thousands have been displaced. Tens of thousands have already died.

10 Nov 2011 description
report Christian Aid

The scandal of poverty, suffered by billions of people around the globe, could soon become far worse. It is being exacerbated by the effects of climate change, which are already having an impact in some parts of the world, with an increase in severe tropical cyclones, drought, falling crop productivity, rising sea levels and shrinking glaciers.

11 Oct 2011 description

The Dadaab refugee camp in north-eastern Kenya, the biggest in the world, is vastly overstretched due to an influx of people fleeing conflict in the wider Eastern Africa region. The local environment is equally feeling the strain.

Settling huge numbers of refugees for a prolonged period of time has a profound negative impact on the environment. Problems include deforestation, land degradation and pollution of water resources. There is also intense competition between refugees and host communities over natural resources.