Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Placing IDPs on the Map in Ethiopia and Beyond
- Multi-million-dollar project to construct schools in refugee camps and host communities launched in Ethiopia
- UNHCR Ethiopia Factsheet - November 2018
- Ethiopia: Historic reforms encouraging; country’s displaced must not be forgotten
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
(Nairobi, 3 March 2017) – On a visit to one of the driest areas in northern Kenya today, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, saw the devastating impact of drought on rural communities and called for international support for communities affected by conflict and drought in Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
The third consecutive year of drought in the Horn of Africa is causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population movements.
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
Upsurge in fighting and displacement in the Kivus and Katanga region.
ICPAC predicts more flooding in December 2014.
Chronic crisis with pockets of acute to emergency food and nutrition insecurity in region.
Internal displacement dramatic increase mainly in South Sudan and Sudan.
Scale up in response needs substantial new aid flows to be adequate.
• WFP and partners begin rapid response operations to reach IDPs in South Sudan before they are cut off
• Military offensive in Somalia slows down interest of returnees, as Kenya issues orders to reinforce encampment of refugees
• Regional agro-climatic outlook: mostly normal to near-normal rain and vegetation conditions except in known drought-prone areas
• Flood alerts in river basins and other low-lying areas
• OCHA-IGAD strengthen ties on resilience
• One polio case reported in Ethiopia
Food security stable but some areas experiencing crisis
Protection concerns for South Sudanese IDPs and refugees
Displacement crisis in Katanga, DRC
Reintegration challenges for expelled migrants from Tanzania
Less displacement caused by inter-communal violence in Kenya in 2013 compared to 2012
ICRC in Sudan forced to suspend operations, in talks with Government
• Government of Kenya deploys troops to stop intercommunal violence in Moyale
• An estimated 494,000 IDPs and more than 86,000 refugees displaced by conflict in South Sudan
• Humanitarian community activates a three-month response plan and provides assistance in accessible areas of South Sudan
• Expulsion of migrants from Tanzania and Saudi Arabia ongoing
• M23 reportedly regrouping, as other armed groups continue to attack civilians in eastern DRC
There are more than half a million people of concern to UNHCR in southern Africa, as well as a large number of irregular migrants.
South Africa remains the recipient of the highest annual number of asylum applications worldwide, with 82,000 applications in 2012.
· Sporadic fighting kills over 100 people and displaces more than 100,000 others in Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan
· South Sudan imposes a curfew following a failed coup attempt
· Humanitarian actors report a funding shortfall of US$11.9 million for more than 140,000 Ethiopia migrants being received from Saudi Arabia
· The more than 55,000 illegal immigrants expelled from Tanzania are still in need of humanitarian assistance
Regional food security in eastern Africa shows marked improvement
Nutrition in Turkana Central worsens from Serious to Critical
No polio in South Sudan, as political impasse hinders vaccination in Sudan More than 100 people dead and over one million others affected by floods since August
More than 10 million people displaced in the region as of September 2013
Agreement signed for return of Somali refugees in Kenya, as similar plans are made for return of Burundians in Uganda
Tensions remain high in Mandera and Wajir Counties, where inter-communal conflicts since March 2012 have left over 90 people dead and more than 52,000 others displaced.
On 29 June, three people died and 20 houses were burnt down during a retaliatory attack by members of the Garre community against the Degodia in Mandera.
On 30 June, a peace team comprising the Wajir County Governor, Senator and Women Representative were ambushed by unknown assailants during an assessment mission in the County. No injuries were reported.
• Inter-communal conflict between the Garre and Degodia clans in Mandera County has left over 85 people dead and over 25,000 others displaced since March 2012.
• Worst affected are Wajir County, Banisa and Rhamu Constituencies, with reports of emerging tensions between the relatives of the two communities across the border in Ethiopia.
• The Government has deployed security forces and commissioned a disarmament exercise in the affected area.
Over 170 people have died and 225,000 displaced as a result of flash flooding
Food Security: Aid agencies urged to adopt ‘no regrets response’ to build on regional food security gains
Renewed attempts made to address cross border and incountry insecurity in eastern Africa, namely in Somalia, DRC and Kenya.
Regional Migration: An estimated 9.15 million people are currently displaced in the region: 2,012,531 are refugees and 7,141,442 are IDPs
Since the onset of the March – May rain season, at least 170 people have died and 225,000 people have been displaced from their homes as a result of localised flash flooding and landslides across eastern Africa, most notably in parts of Kenya, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Uganda, and to a lesser extent in Tanzania.
Several weeks of heavy rainfall have displaced tens of thousands of people from their homes in Kenya
Despite crop damage, regional food security continues to improve
Refugees continue to cross borders, albeit in reduced numbers, due to protracted insecurity in Sudan, South Sudan, Eastern DRC and Somalia
The African Development Bank has allocated $140.5 million to resilience efforts.
Peace agreements for DRC and Sudan/South Sudan have been signed amid continuing concerns.
Refugees continue to flee DRC and Sudan. Some 12,000 Somalis left Kenya for Somalia despite challenging conditions.
Food security has generally improved across the region, though 16 million people are still facing crisis and emergency conditions.
Peace holds in Kenya voting despite some violence.