Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2019
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- UNHCR welcomes Ethiopia law granting more rights to refugees
- Ethiopia | Internal displacement (December 2018) – DG ECHO Daily Map | 22/01/2019
- Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia - First National Estimates
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 72 | 7 - 20 January 2019
- Ethiopia – Inter-communal fighting in South Sudanese refugee camps (DG ECHO, DG ECHO partners) (ECHO Daily Flash of 21 January 2019)
According to the World Meteorological Organization, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 were the four hottest years on record since 1880 (NOAA, 2018; WMO, 2018). Such rising temperatures are expected to affect agricultural systems significantly and also strain food production (WEF, 2018). It is critical for the 2.5 billion people worldwide depending on agriculture and its subsectors – i.e. crop, livestock, fisheries and forestry − as their main source of livelihoods (FAO, 2017).
Drought continues to develop across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Poor rainfall distribution since the beginning of the Short-Rains season has caused large moisture deficits in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has resulted in early-season drought across South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall have caused dryness in central and western Madagascar.
According to FEWSNET issue of November 2018, seasonal rainfall has remained uncharacteristically erratic and significantly below average across most of Central and Southern Somalia, the SouthEastern Somali region of Ethiopia, and the Northern and Eastern regions of Kenya. However, several areas along the East Africa coastal strip and in the Somali region of Ethiopia received well above average rainfall amounts during this period.
Will an El Nino take place?
Current forecasts of Eastern Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) and expert judgement point to a significant likelihood of an El Nino materializing: currently this stands at over 90% chance of it happening by early 2019.
How long is it likely to last and how intense is it likely to get?
Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.
Abnormal dryness develops in Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Africa Weather Hazards
Delayed seasonal rainfall and erratic precipitation in the last two months has caused dryness across Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and Kenya.
Poorly distributed precipitation since September and high daytime temperatures have caused early season drought in South Africa and Lesotho.
Consecutive weeks of poor rainfall has caused dryness across central and western Madagascar.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
Since the beginning of this year Ethiopia has more new conflict-driven Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) than any other country in the world, with over 1.4 million in 2018. Of the approximately 2.8 million total IDPs in Ethiopia, over 2.2 million are displaced due to conflict with the over 500,000 remaining displaced by climatic shocks, including drought- and flood-induced food insecurity. An estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia are in need of emergency food assistance, with those internally displaced being some of the most affected.
The killing of four government officials in late September in Benishangul-Gumuz Region aggravated already existing ethnic tensions resulting in a large-scale intercommunal conflict displacing approximately 200,000 people along the Benishangul-Gumuz-Oromia border.
A polio vaccination campaign was successfully conducted in five zones of the Somali region between 23-26 September, reaching 486,816 children under 5 years of age.
Risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) persists in Yemen and South Sudan
Dryness remains in the Greater Horn of Africa, and early season dryness is observed in southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Delayed seasonal rainfall followed by modest precipitation has increased dryness in Ethiopia, the Jubba and Shabelle River basins of Somalia, and Kenya.
Poorly distributed precipitation in the last two months coupled with high daytime temperatures has resulted in abnormal early season dryness across southern Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho.
Foreword from the Regional Director
"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"
According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.
• The Humanitarian and Resilience Donor Group (HRDG) and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) visited Somali region from 5 to 18 October; met with the new regional Government leadership and discussed humanitarian challenges and development priorities.
Affected population 7.95 m
No. of people displaced due to conflict 2.2 m
No. of people displaced due to climatic shocks 0.5 m
• Humanitarian needs: At least 28 million people (more than half of them children) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Conflict, disease, acute food shortages, high inflation, and inadequate nutrition have left children and their families extremely vulnerable.
A revolution in aid: Start Network releases 2017 Annual Report
Start Network, a global network of aid agencies, has today published its first annual report showcasing its collective efforts to revolutionise the humanitarian aid system.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dengue Fever in Senegal
Hepatitis E in Namibia
Cholera in Zimbabwe.
For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.
- 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
- The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.