Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Operational Plan for Rapid Response: Internal Displacement around Kamashi and Assosa (Benishangul Gumuz) and East and West Wollega (Oromia), 26 December 2018
- UNHCR Ethiopia Fact Sheet December 2018
- UNHCR Ethiopia - Operational Update (December 2018)
- Self-help group leads to vision, opportunity in rural Ethiopia
- The Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy Project: Five Year Final Report January 2014 - December 2018
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
Over the past week, local authorities and humanitarian partners in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) have reported the arrival of over 15 000 displaced ethnic Gedeos originating from Guji zone of Oromiya (Kersha, Hambella Wamena, Birbisa Kojowa woredas). They had been returned to West Guji by the authorities in August, after having fled their homes in April – June due to massive, targeted violence.
Renewed fighting in Moyale town and Woreda, Ethiopia, between the Garreh (Somali sub-clan) and the Borenas (Oromi sub-clan) erupted on 10 December, resulting in 30 deaths and many more wounded and causing massive displacement. Damages in Moyale town are heavy, including the hospital (the only referral health structure in town). Several banks and shops were looted. Up to 80,000 people are reported to be displaced over the last 2 weeks but high level of insecurity in the area makes difficult to confirm these numbers.
Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.
EU announces new humanitarian package for those most in need in Ethiopia
Brussels, 17 December 2018
On an official visit to Ethiopia, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides has announced today €89 million in humanitarian support for 2018-2019 whilst visiting EU aid projects in the Somali region in Eastern Ethiopia where many people have fled their homes due to internal conflict.
What is it?
Despite a significant reduction in fighting, humanitarian needs remain very high and continue to increase.
2 183 028 South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries
299 123 Refugees in South Sudan
1 965 059 South Sudanese IDPs (incl. IDPs in PoCs in respective states)
194 874 South Sudanese IDPs in PoCs
Insecurity and the rise in ethnic violence are leading to rapid and large-scale displacements in Ethiopia. There are currently approximately 1.9 million IDPs due to conflict. Source: DG ECHO
Total funding: € 656 million
Purpose and scope
Total number of Sudanese IDPs in need: 1.997 million
Total number of South Sudanese Refugees (15 Sep 2018): 761 889
- Pre-December 2013 352 212
- Post-December 2013 409 677
Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers in Eastern Sudan: 131 816
- 118 035 Eritrean
- 13 781 Ethiopian
People living at crisis or emergency level of food insecurity (HNO 2018): 4.8 million
IPC: 6 million people in Crisis (IPC 3) and Emergency (IPC 4) phases in July 2018
Despite ongoing peace negotiations, clashes between belligerents continue, resulting in further displacements.
2 486 563 South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries
298 881 Refugees in South Sudan
1 903 650 South Sudanese IDPs (incl. IDPs in PoCs in respective states)
198 202 South Sudanese IDPs in PoCs
FACTS & FIGURES
928 000 refugees from South Sudan, Somalia & Eritrea (UNOCHA, IOM, UNHCR)
2.7 million people are displaced by conflict & drought
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance
3.85 million people with acute malnutrition
EU humanitarian funding: €91.5 million in 2017
Somalia has suffered extreme weather conditions (such as drought and floods) and conflict for decades. As a result, 2.6 million Somalis are internally displaced and 5 million are in need of food. In 2018, the EU has allocated €89 million to help those most in need. The delivery of cash assistance has proved to be an effective and dignified way of providing assistance to vulnerable people.
What are the needs?
Following the July 2018 peace agreement, the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments reopened crossing points on their shared border on September 11. According to the Shire District administration, up to 15 000 Eritreans have crossed into Ethiopia, some to visit relatives or to buy goods, many to stay.
- At least 23 people were killed in a weekend of violence near the capital Addis Ababa. It is reported that mobs of ethnic Oromo youths brutally attacked non-Oromo people, committed sexual violence, looted businesses and destroyed houses. The violence resulted in the displacement of 13 000 persons, mostly women and children who fled the area to seek refuge in 12 different sites of the capital, as well as with host communities. The Ethiopian Red Cross Society rapidly provided humanitarian assistance to the displaced people, in the form of non-food items.
The Basic Needs Assessment (BNA) is a multi-sector needs assessment approach that can be applied in both sudden onset and protracted emergencies, but that – in the present edition – has been piloted only in two protracted crises, namely in Borno State (North-East Nigeria) and in Fafan zone (Somali region of Ethiopia). The approach took inspiration from ECHO’s Basic Needs Framework for Integrated Response.
Inter-ethnic violence since September 2017, namely along the Oromia-Somali regional border, has led to 500 000 people still being displaced.
In addition, Somali region has been one of the hardest hit areas of the 2016-2017 drought and the 2018 floods. Food insecurity and climate related displaced affects 373 600 individuals.
It is reported that recent violence early August 2018 has led thousands more to flee their homes and seek refuge, notably in East Hararghe.