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16 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)continues to be actively involved in anumber of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula. This report aims atproviding an overview ofthe trends observed in thefirst halfof 2018 in theregion, across Ethiopia,Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen.

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 48,337 displaced individuals comprising 8,816 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,243 in the total individuals (-9.79%) a decrease of 98 households (-1.10%) and no increase in sites since round 12 July/August 2018. 20.37% sites opened in 2017 and 1.85% opened in 2018. Climate factors were the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 33.92% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 11,821 displaced individuals comprising 3,732 households in 47 displacement sites were identified in AMHARA region. These figures represent an increase of 6,038 in the total individuals (104.41%) an increase of 2,232 households (148.80%) and an increase of 13 sites (38.24%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 48.94% sites opened in 2017 and 19.15% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.91% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 49,552 displaced individuals comprising 20,842 households in 103 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region. These figures represent an increase of 19,438 in the total individuals (64.55%) an increase of 9,526 households (84.18%) and an increase of 18 sites (21.18%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 7.77% sites opened in 2017 and 27.18% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.64% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,073 displaced individuals comprising 3,226 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region. These figures represent an increase of 8,338 in the total individuals (65.47%), an increase of 681 houesholds (26.76%) and an increase of 1 sites (7.69%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 35.71% sites opened in 2017 and 28.57% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 82.23% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 1,016,166 displaced individuals comprising 168,246 households in 388 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region. These figures represent a decrease of 75,044 in the total individuals (-6.88%) an decrease of 11,280 households (-6.28%) and an increase of 3 sites (0.78%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 59.54% sites opened in 2017 and 13.14% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 65.45% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND DRIVERS OF DISPLACEMENT

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 599 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,472,209 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (531,001 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country (see figure 1).

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,580 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region*. These figures represent an i n crease of 179 in the total individuals (0.34%) and no increase in the number of sites since round 11 (May/June 2018). 15.88% sites opened in 2017 and 0.00% opened in 2018. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 5,783 displaced individuals comprising 1,500 households in 34 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a decrease of -1,027 in the total individuals (-15.08%) a decrease of -113 households (-7.01%) and an increase of 2 sites (6.25%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 40.77% sites opened in 2017 and 6.30% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 90% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

12,735 displaced individuals comprising 2,545 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent a decrease of -742 in the total individuals (-5.51%) a decrease of -150 households (-5.57%) and a decrease of -2 sites (-13.33%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 65.32% sites opened in 2017 and 4.00% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

1,091,210 displaced individuals comprising 179,526 households in 385 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent a increase of 217,544 in the total individuals (24.90%) an increase of 37,512 households (26.41%) and an increase of 23 sites (6.35%) since round 11 (May/June 2018). 43.14% sites opened in 2017 and 28.91% opened in 2018.
Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 66% of the displaced population.

13 Nov 2018 description

In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing. Like for previous months, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) recorded the highest levels of incoming flows, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of outgoing flows. Migrants identified were mostly Somali (63%), Ethiopian (30%), and Djibutian (7%).

10 Nov 2018 description

Foreword from the Regional Director

"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"

09 Nov 2018 description

Nairobi – Nearly 400,000 migrant movements were recorded in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia during the first six months of 2018 – an average of 2,000 or more individuals per day.

It is an active migration zone, characterized by what is considered “mixed” migration – or the movement of different population groups for a variety of reasons.

07 Nov 2018 description

by Jeffrey Labovitz

Conflict, insecurity, political unrest and the search for economic opportunities continue to drive migration in the East and Horn of Africa. However, one of the biggest drivers of displacement is not related to war or the search for better jobs but rather to changing weather patterns. After five years of drought, more that 1.5 million people were uprooted from their homes as their soils slowly, year by year, dried and cracked.

06 Nov 2018 description

Nairobi – Eight countries in the East and Horn of Africa have committed to the establishment of “inter-agency cross-border technical working groups” that would facilitate the implementation of 22 identified good practices meant to boost cooperation and improve the efficiency of border operations.

05 Nov 2018 description

L'OIM travaille en collaboration avec le Gouvernement de Djibouti afin de mieux comprendre les dynamiques migratoires dans le pays ainsi que le profil des migrants qui transitent dans le pays. Pour ce faire, l’OIM met en œuvre le suivi des flux de population, activité qui consiste à collecter des données dans les localités par lesquelles transitent les migrants. Les données présentées dans ce rapport mensuel donnent un aperçu des mouvements et des profils de populations en Septembre 2018.

SUIVI DES MOUVEMENTS DE POPULATIONS

02 Nov 2018 description

Addis Ababa — IOM, the UN Migration Agency, is spearheading two initiatives in Ethiopia to assist returnees and build youth resilience to prevent irregular migration in the future.

The Organization recently entered into an agreement with Penda Manufacturing PLC, a paper recycling company in Addis Ababa. In cooperation with the Addis Ababa City Administration, the company collects paper from 7000 micro enterprise collectors working in the city.

29 Oct 2018 description

Summary

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 596 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,453,422 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (541,490 IDPs) and other reason (40,264 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country.