Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
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FemWise-Africa aims to include more women in peace processes
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The dilemma of free movement of people on an insecure continent - Can Weah realise his pro-poor economic development agenda?
UAE port deal with Somaliland stirs up trouble in the Horn - PSC Interview: ‘Expect a more robust NEPAD Agency’
South Sudan and Somalia are the two most under-funded refugee situations in the world.
BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO
While many destination countries are restricting their protection of refugees, the global refugee population continues to grow. The most recent Global Trends report from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) shows that by the end of 2016, 65.6 million people worldwide were displaced by conflict and persecution.
What are the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and Somalian refugees in Ethiopia?
15 MAR 2018 / BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO
20 MAR 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. It is also fast becoming the most progressive on the continent in responding to forced displacement. If properly implemented, Ethiopia’s version of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – which combines development and humanitarian aid – will benefit both refugees and host communities.
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is set to meet at ministerial level on the margins of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly’s opening session in New York later this month to discuss the continuing war in South Sudan. Neither the PSC nor the UN Security Council (UNSC) has so far come up with lasting solutions to the devastating war in Africa’s newest state.
Protecting refugees is a common human responsibility, and yet developing countries shoulder the burden.
Over 65.6 million people around the world were forcibly displaced by the end of 2016 – the highest level ever recorded. Of these, 84% were hosted in developing countries. This contrasts with the media’s focus of the burden of this crisis on developed countries, especially in Europe.
In Somalia, a veil of shame and silence hangs over the subject of sexual and gender-based violence.
Victims are reluctant to open up, even to the closest family members, let alone report their plight to law and justice officials. And why would they – when all too often it is men in uniform who act not as protectors, but as perpetrators?
‘We are facing a lot of problems,’ says Naima Ali Abdullah, Head of Women Empowerment in the Somalia Ministry of Women.
The African Union (AU) Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has been active since 2007 – but the mission is struggling to fulfil its peace-support function and is dealing with a plethora of challenges, including an increasing number of attacks from al-Shabaab.
African borders and their lack of clear demarcation have been identified as one of the root causes of conflict on the continent. The African Union’s Border Programme (AUPB) works toward reducing this conflict risk.
The PSC Report spoke to Ambassador Aguibou Diarrah, head of the AUPB in the Peace and Security Department.
What is the Border Programme all about?
The aim of the programme is the structural prevention of conflicts. We are constantly faced with the need to solve violent crises, but the aim is to prevent them, to anticipate conflicts.
In Africa, Europe, the Middle East and elsewhere, migration became a major theme last year as an unprecedented number of migrants and refugees fled to Europe. Indications are that this will continue in 2016.
Violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality have driven an unprecedented number of refugees and migrants to Europe. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and opportunistic smuggling industry. Sustainable profits made by this industry have allowed transnational networks to develop where they previously did not exist, with serious implications for human security and state stability.
The newest state in the Horn of Africa has become an arena where powerful neighbours manoeuvre for regional influence. The deteriorating security situation in oil-rich South Sudan took neighbouring states by surprise, but they have risen to the opportunities the situation offers. Uganda and South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Kenya and Egypt support different proxies and their competition could plunge the region into chaos.
On Friday 29 May 2015, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) is scheduled to discuss the issue of migration, under the theme of ‘poverty and security in Africa'. The African Union (AU) has several instruments that deal with migration and is cooperating closely with the European Union (EU) regarding the current migration crisis in the Mediterranean.
In the battle against Islamist fighters in Somalia, the liberation of Kismayo in October 2012 was symbolic of the progress made in ridding the country of Al-Shabaab’s influence. The port city and its environs is a melting pot of several clans, a business hub linking neighbouring countries and the Middle East, and, until its liberation, the base and financial nerve centre of Al-Shabaab. Months after its liberation, however, the struggle over the control of Kismayo and its surrounding areas continues.
Africa still faces numerous security issues that continue to challenge its political viability, stability, prosperity and sustainable peace. This monograph attempts to uncover the complexity of the most salient security issues facing the Horn of Africa. It provides in-depth analysis on intra-state conflicts and insurgencies and their consequences on and beyond the region. It also investigates the root causes of several inter-state conflicts in the Horn of Africa as well as the possibilities of their effective management.
Author: Louise Khabure
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
Early Warning Issues for Nov
Country Analysis: Sudan
PSC Retrospective: Continental Early Warning System (CEWS)
Country Analysis: Eritrea
PSC Retrospective: African Women's decade and the anniversary of the UN 1325 resolution
PSC Retrospective: The Relationship between the PSC and African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
PSC Retrospective: African Union Peace Day
Important Forthcoming Dates
This Report is an independent publication of the Institute for Security Studies.
About the Security in Mobility Inter-Agency Partnership
The Security in Mobility (SIM) initiative aims to reconcile pastoralist livelihood and security needs with broader regional security priorities.