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22 Jul 2011 description

Preface

1 . The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (“the Convention”) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1979. It entered into force on 3 September 1981, whereupon it became law, requiring all signatory States to make a firm commitment to action.

13 May 2011 description
report Oxfam

Project executive summary

As climate change drives an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural hazards, the challenges faced by food-insecure communities struggling to improve their lives and livelihoods will also increase. Over 1 billion people are already hungry. Conservative projections indicate that unless there are significant efforts to improve livelihoods, reduce poverty, and build climate resilience, over the next decade 100 million more people will become food insecure due in part to the adverse impacts of climate change.

31 Dec 2010 description

Key Messages

In recent months cereal prices have continued to follow a gradually decreasing trend and maize prices in the capital city were lower than prices on the international market.

Pockets of food insecurity exist due to different localized shocks such as poor rains in the southeast or floods in Amhara region, while tensions with rebel groups continue.

Food security is improving throughout the country, and the number of people in need of food assistance during the last months of the year decreased to 2.3 million.

The government with the help of international agencies is …

31 Dec 2010 description

Assosa, December 31, 2010 (Assosa) - The water, mines and energy resource development bureau of Benishangul-Gumuz State said it has been undertaking safe water projects at a cost of more than 32 million Birr.

Planning, monitoring and evaluation head with the bureau, Tsegaye Kebedew told ENA on Friday that the projects include construction of more than 280 water wells and development of springs.

He said construction of 156 of the total safe water projects is underway in resettlement villages.

Construction of the projects in resettlement villages will be completed until the end of …

31 Dec 2010 description

The global food crisis of 2007-2008 was characterized by a sharp spike in the prices of most commodities, including staple grains. This analysis examines the degree to which changes in world food markets influence the price of staple foods in Sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis is based on more than 60 price series from 11 African countries. After examining price trends over 2007-2008, we use an error correction model to estimate the degree of price transmission.

31 Dec 2010 description
report Tufts University

Research Program on Livelihoods Change over Time

Study Team: Daniel Maxwell, Jennifer Coates, Girum Tadesse, Fayera Abdissa, Shimelis Hailu, Eyasu Shishigu, Woldegebrial Zeweld Nugussie, Kinfe Mezgebe, Abraha Gebrekiros

December 2010

31 Dec 2010 description

Abstract: This is the first paper using household survey data from two countries involved in an international war (Eritrea and Ethiopia) to measure the conflict’s impact on children’s health in both nations. The identification strategy uses event data to exploit exogenous variation in the conflict’s geographic extent and timing and the exposure of different children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. The paper uniquely incorporates GPS information on the distance between survey villages and conflict sites to more accurately measure a child’s war exposure.

30 Dec 2010 description

Ethiopia has been exerting maximum effort towards the peaceful and successful completion of the Southern Sudan referendum.

While discussing with members of the Foreign, Defense and Security Affairs Standing Committee of the House of Peoples' Representatives here on Wednesday, African Affairs Director with the Ministry, Ambassador Negash Kibiret said that Ethiopia will provide the necessary support toward successful completion of the referendum.

Ambassador Negash said that preparations are underway to enable Southern Sudan citizens living in Ethiopia participate in the …

30 Dec 2010 description

Addis Ababa, December 30, 2010 (Addis Ababa) - The Central Statistics Agency (CSA) said Ethiopia will harvest more than 220.4 million quintals of agricultural outputs during the 2001/2003 EC crop season.

30 Dec 2010 description

Mekele, December 30, 2010 (Mekele) - Various projects are being carried out in Mekelle Town, Tigray State at a cost of 210 million Birr to curb existing potable water shortage in the town, the regional water resource, mines and energy bureau said.

Bureau Head, Nega Berhe told ENA on Wednesday that the World Bank, the regional government and the town water and sewerage service as well as the town municipality allocated the budget for implementation of the projects.

The projects include, among others, digging of water wells in the town.

Some 41,000 cubic meters water is required per …

29 Dec 2010 description

This report is based on information received from the Government, Kenya Red Cross (KRC),National Steering Committee ( NSC), CEWARN, United Nations, Media and other humanitarian partners in the field. The report may therefore not capture all the incidents which occurred.

Overview

The cumulative number of people killed between January and 23 December 2010 during resource based conflicts in Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASALs) reached 179. The figure is lower compared to the past two years. Four hundred and twelve killings were reported during the year 2008 and 364 killings in 2009.

29 Dec 2010 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 29 December 2010 (IRIN) - Here is a selection of our best stories of the past year from central and eastern Africa, chosen to reflect the diversity of humanitarian issues affecting the vast region. They range from coverage of historical landmarks with global repercussions, such as Southern Sudan's imminent referendum, to a project that makes a big difference to just a few people in a Kenyan slum.

28 Dec 2010 description

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

- Thousands of individuals continue to return by road, rail, barge, and plane from northern Sudan to their homelands in Southern Sudan and the Three Areas of Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile, and Abyei. As of December 28, relief agencies had verified the return of 105,334 people in government-organized and spontaneous movements since October 30.

- The humanitarian community continues to prepare for and respond to humanitarian needs associated with population movements. U.N.

28 Dec 2010 description

Woldiya, December 28, 2010 (Woldiya) - Kobo Girana Valley Development Program has launched irrigation development project in Kobo woreda, North Wollo Zone of Amhara at a cost of 16 million Birr.

Program Manager, Adinew Abate told ENA that the project will cultivate 935 hectares of land by dripping and sprinkling irrigation techniques in this dry season.

Some 2,470 farmers are embraced in the project, he said and adding, more than 143,000 quintals of fruits and vegetables is expected to be harvested.

The manager said the digging of 11 deep wells is underway by the …

27 Dec 2010 description

Earthquake in SNNPR

A 5.1 magnitude earthquake occurred on 19 December with its epicentre in Limu woreda, Hadiya zone (SNNPR), some 192 km from the capital, Addis Ababa. According to the zonal Disaster Risk Management Office, the impact of the earthquake was low, with no casualties reported and only minor damages sustained to some condominium buildings in the town. The regional authorities are, however, organizing an assessment mission to the affected area. Further details are also expected from humanitarian partners undertaking an impact assessment visits in the area.

26 Dec 2010 description

Bahir Dar, December 26, 2010 (Bahir Dar) - Construction of safe water projects, which have capacity to give service to more than 22,000 people, is underway in Dangila Woreda, Awi Zone of Amhara State at a cost of over 7.8 million Birr, the woreda water resource development office said.

Water supply work process coordinator with the office, Demelash Chanyalew told ENA that the projects are underway in 27 rural localities of the woreda.

Demelash said the projects include, among others, digging of 66 water wells, development of springs and installation of water pipelines.

The …

23 Dec 2010 description

BAB EL-MANDAB, Yemen, December 23 (UNHCR) - The fishing village of Bab El-Mandab, some 190 km west of Aden, in southern Yemen is the closest point in the Arabian Peninsula to Africa.