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31 Jul 2008 description

A/A, July 31, 2008 (Addis Ababa) - The Ministry of Information says the government of Ethiopia maintains an unwavering stance that sustainable solution to the Ethiopia - Eritrea conflict can only be possible peacefully and through dialogue.

The ministry said this in a statement on Thursday, a day after the announcement by the UN Security Council of the termination of the mandate of the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea.

The statement said the UNMEE mission and duties have long been impeded by the recalcitrance of the government in Asmara, which the statement said, has rendered the …

31 Jul 2008 description

Development minister Bert Koenders is setting aside extra funds for emergency aid for three countries in the Horn of Africa to deal with the rapidly worsening humanitarian situation there.

'Conditions in these three countries [Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea] have deteriorated quickly over the past three months, due to a combination of rising food prices, drought and conflict. If we don't take action now, the result will be a humanitarian crisis,' said Mr Koenders.

The pledge of additional aid comes in response to a request by John Holmes, UN Under-Secretary-General for …

31 Jul 2008 description

By Tsegaye Tadesse

ADDIS ABABA, July 31 (Reuters) - Ethiopia said on Thursday it wanted to resolve a border impasse with Eritrea by dialogue, but might defend itself if its Red Sea neighbour violated its territory.

Eritrea is angry that the United Nations has not enforced a 2007 ruling by an independent boundary commission awarding most of the territory in dispute along their 1,000 km (620 mile) border to Eritrea.

The U.N.

31 Jul 2008 description

July 31 (Reuters) - Ethiopia said on Thursday it wanted to resolve a border impasse with Eritrea by dialogue, but might defend itself if its Red Sea neighbour violated its territory.

A 1998-2000 border conflict between the two nations had claimed some 70,000 lives but the dispute over the frontier has never been resolved.

Here are some key facts:

WHAT HAS HAPPENED:

1952 - Eritrea, a former Italian colony and U.N.

31 Jul 2008 description

The UN system has rapidly taken note of the seriousness of the challenges to world food security by the recent dramatic escalation of the food price crisis worldwide and recognized the need for Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA) to address the crisis and its root causes.

The UN System has mobilized to provide a common response to the crisis that takes into account the comparative advantages of all stakeholders.

31 Jul 2008 description

CONTENTS IN THIS ISSUE:

- REGIONAL OVERVIEW

- UPCOMING & ONGOING MEETINGS

Focus on Ethiopia is produced by UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), in collaboration with other UN agencies and partner NGOs. Focus on Ethiopia provides a monthly overview of humanitarian trends and activities in Ethiopia, as well as focusing on particular issues of interest.

31 Jul 2008 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In its resolution 60/124 of December 2005, the General Assembly of the United Nations sought to remedy two problems that had bedevilled UN efforts to deliver humanitarian assistance in a timely and effective manner.

31 Jul 2008 description

General Developments

 The major development affecting UNHCR operations in Sudan was the increase in the Security Phase (II to III in Khartoum, Blue Nile State and Eastern States, III to IV in Darfur). This led to the relocation of humanitarian personnel from Darfur and UN staff dependents from Khartoum. UNHCR was able to continue most of its work in Darfur with fewer staff by identifying and prioritising protection and assistance activities. In other parts of the country, operations continued without major disruption.

31 Jul 2008 description


Funding Trends and Their Impact on Operations



Analysis of the 2008 Programme of Work

As of July 2008, WFP requires 5 million metric tonnes for the current year to meet the needs of over 83 million beneficiaries among the world's neediest people in more than 80 countries.

30 Jul 2008 description

Appeal #642-B

Appeal amount: $300,000

SITUATION: The southeastern pastoral areas of Ethiopia are experiencing drought conditions following the failure of two previous rainy seasons, with resulting food insecurity. The impact of the long dry spell has caused severe shortage of pastureland and water and has led to the death of livestock and unusual livestock migrations to occur.

30 Jul 2008 description

AFGHANISTAN: Satellite imagery of northern Afghanistan indicates that the ongoing drought is the most severe since 2000. Coupled with high food prices and ongoing conflict, this has contributed to deteriorating food security. The Afghan government and the United Nations have jointly appealed for USD 400 million to address emergency needs. Funding the food security component of this appeal is essential to prevent a humanitarian crisis.

EAST AFRICA: Below-normal March-May rains, crop failure, and high prices threaten food security in much of East Africa.

30 Jul 2008 description

Addis Ababa, 30 July 2008 - Military and civilian peacekeepers with the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) will begin the formal liquidation of their headquarters in Asmara and Addis Ababa as of midnight Thursday.

With the Security Council's decision not to renew UNMEE's mandate beyond 31 July, the peacekeepers will remove the remaining equipment and assets belonging to the UN and military contingents that kept watch over the Algiers Peace Agreements signed by Ethiopia and Eritrea in June and December 2000.

UNMEE troops and equipment owned by …

30 Jul 2008 description

Calling for vulnerability analysis as an integral part of the strategy to combat the current food crisis, the World Food Program's (WFP) Executive Director, Josette Sheeran, said today the Organization of American States (OAS) and her global agency could work together immediately on best practices for an early warning system.

Haiti has been identified as the world's hardest hit nation in the global food crisis, prices having soared 80 percent. In another dire warning, Sheeran said that throughout the Americas, price increases are expected to push an additional 15 million into …

29 Jul 2008 description
report UN Security Council

I am writing in response to your letter dated 3 July 2008 in which you transmitted to me identical letters dated 10 June 2008 from the President of the Security Council addressed to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi, and the President of Eritrea, Isaias Afwerki, seeking their views on options for future United Nations engagement in their countries. Together with those letters, you also forwarded their responses dated 17 and 18 June 2008.

29 Jul 2008 description
report Tearfund

Soaring food prices and successive droughts are pushing families in East Africa, already struggling to afford basic foods, deeper into poverty, warns international aid agency Tearfund.

A combination of rising food prices and erratic rainfall has exacerbated a situation that was already dire, leaving 15 million people in urgent need of food. Tearfund's Keith Etherington, who has just returned from Ethiopia said: 'Ethiopia's food security problems are long standing, but at the start of the year poor rains led to a total crop failure in some areas and poor yield in many others.

29 Jul 2008 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 29 July 2008 (IRIN) - The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia's pastoral regions of Afar, Amhara, Somali and Tigray is likely to deteriorate because seasonal crops have failed and livestock numbers have fallen, according to preliminary findings of a recent assessment mission.

Widespread crop failure had led to critical food insecurity, prompting increased migration, the findings of the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA)-led multi-agency mission show.

In Somali Region, the assessment found water was scarce, high livestock deaths had affected herd sizes and …

29 Jul 2008 description

Introduction

Rome, 29 July 2008 - Facts, figures and the lastest updates from WFP's high profile emergencies.

Afghanistan

WFP emergency food distribution is ongoing to battle affected families in Arghandab district of Kandahar province. Thus far 4,200 battle affected families received nearly 500 mt food since June. The said families were displaced due to military operation conducted against AGEs in the district in June 2008.

Chad

The designated officer has appointed WFP HOSO in Iriba as the Area Security Coordinator in Iriba.

29 Jul 2008 description

By Louis Charbonneau

UNITED NATIONS, July 29 (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council is planning to disband its peacekeeping mission to the volatile border between Eritrea and Ethiopia after Eritrea forced out most of the U.N.