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31 Dec 2008 description

This price watch bulletin covers the quarterly period from September to November 2008. The objective of the bulletin is to provide early warning information on price changes of staple food commodities and their likely impact on the cost of the food basket. Price changes are determined for each country on a quarterly basis.


- Prices still remain significantly higher compared to last year and long term averages, especially in Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and Middle East.

23 Dec 2008 description

Nairobi/Brussels, 23 December 2008


Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of an Ethiopian military intervention since December 2006. Over the last two years the situation has deteriorated into one of the world's worst humanitarian and security crises.

08 Dec 2008 description
report Human Rights Watch


Somalia is a nation in ruins, mired in one of the world's most brutal armed conflicts of recent years. Two long years of escalating bloodshed and destruction have devastated the country's people and laid waste to its capital Mogadishu. Ethiopian, Somali transitional government, and insurgent forces have all violated the laws of war with impunity, forcing ordinary Somalis to bear the brunt of their armed struggle.

Beyond its own borders Somalia has had a reputation for violent chaos since the collapse of its last central government in 1991.

27 Nov 2008 description
report Oxfam

One child dies every 5 seconds of hunger related causes and more than half of child deaths in the developing word are due to hunger

Recent price increases pushed 119 million more people into hunger taking the total number of hungry people in the world close to 1 billion.

Falling global food prices have not translated into lower prices in most poor countries.

Global food prices remain 28 per cent higher than two years ago and continue to push more people into hunger. Very poor people can hold off hunger in the short-term by using up their limited resources.

26 Nov 2008 description

November 2008, Addis Ababa:

Executive Summary

In June 2008, Human Rights Watch made a series of allegations against the Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF). It claimed a "brutal counter-insurgency" campaign in the Ogaden region of the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia, had involved a systematic campaign of forced relocation and burning of villages, of arbitrary killings, mass detentions, torture, rape and assault, livestock confiscations, and restrictions on civilian movements, amounting to war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Given the seriousness of these …

05 Nov 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: The political and economic outlook for the Horn of Africa in 2009.

SIGNIFICANCE: The region in 2009 will continue to see some of the world's worst humanitarian, political, and security crises, but major political changes are in the air that could yield new opportunities for stability.

ANALYSIS: After a turbulent 2008, the Horn of Africa will continue to face serious challenges into 2009, especially in Somalia.

Key insights

Food insecurity will be a major factor across the region, contributing to economic pressures from high prices and decreased …

31 Oct 2008 description


"Eastern Africa" denotes the geographical are comprising the seven member states of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda. Tanzania is also included because it has had long historical and political interactions with Kenya and Uganda within the rubric of the East African Cooperation (EAC). The main challenges to human security in this region have originated from political and state fragility, resource scarcities, and environmental degradation.

22 Oct 2008 description


Statelessness, or the lack of effective nationality, impacts the daily lives of some 11-12 million people around the world. Perhaps those who suffer most are stateless infants, children and youth. Though born and raised in their parents' country of habitual residence, they lack formal recognition of their existence. A few key steps taken by individual countries and UN agencies can help reduce statelessness among infants and children and prevent millions of youth from growing up isolated from society.

16 Oct 2008 description
report Oxfam

The recent sharp increase in food prices should have benefited millions of poor people who make their living from agriculture. However, decades of misguided policies by developing country governments on agriculture, trade, and domestic markets - often promoted by international financial institutions and supported by donor countries - have prevented poor farmers and rural workers from reaping the benefits of higher commodity prices. As a result, the crisis is hurting poor producers and consumers alike, threatening to reverse recent progress on poverty reduction in many countries.

13 Oct 2008 description
report Human Rights Watch

The Ethiopian government is preparing to introduce a Charities and Societies Proclamation (draft law) to regulate all domestic and international civil society organizations (CSOs) carrying out activities in the country. Parliament has recently reconvened from recess and the Ethiopian government has signaled its intention to introduce the law for passage before the end of October.

The law is ostensibly a tool for enhancing the transparency and accountability of civil society organizations.

30 Sep 2008 description
report World Bank


When the World Bank published Rolling Back Malaria: The World Bank Global Strategy and Booster Program in 2005, the world had what now seems like a modest goal of halving malaria deaths in Africa by 2010. At the time, many thought that target unrealistic and doubted the commitment of both African and global partners to achieving it. Since then, an influx of new funding, new partners, and remarkable successes in several Sub- Saharan African countries have re energized the global malaria control movement.

11 Sep 2008 description
report Human Rights Watch

UPDATED September 11, 2008 - The Ethiopian government is preparing to introduce for passage a Charities and Societies Proclamation (draft law) to regulate all domestic and international civil society organizations (CSOs) carrying out activities in the country.

31 Aug 2008 description

The objective of this briefing note is to provide early warning information on recent price developments and their potential contribution to the cost of the food basket, using staple food commodities that are essential in terms of calorie contribution to households' food basket at individual country-level. The note is not meant for crosscountry comparison as the main staple food items and their calorie contributions to the food basket are different.

13 Aug 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: The effect of a growing food emergency on security in the Horn of Africa.

SIGNIFICANCE: Poverty, drought and food insecurity are well known in the Horn of Africa. This latest emergency occurs at a time of global increases in the price of food and fuel and when regional conflicts threaten to destabilise the region.

ANALYSIS: The sharp increase in food and energy prices globally has hurt the poorest and most food insecure regions of the world particularly hard.

01 Aug 2008 description

According to UNAIDS 2007 epidemiology report, in 2007 alone, 1.7 million people died in Africa from HIV/AIDS. Of all deaths from HIV/AIDS globally, 76% are in Africa. The majority of Africans live in rural areas, where labor intensive agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. A lot has been said about the devastating effects HIV/AIDS could have on rural livelihoods in developing countries. At a 2005 Conference in Durban, South Africa, 54 papers were presented which showed different types of impact HIV/AIDS has on food and livelihood security1.

03 Jul 2008 description


This paper highlights the major humanitarian trends and requirements for the Horn of Africa with a special focus on drought response and food crisis, for the period June to November 2008. Existing documents and reports from various organizations and working groups are summarized-in particular those from the regional Interagency working group on Food Security and Nutrition/FSNWG, FEWSNET, FSAU/Somalia.

30 Jun 2008 description

Why don't disaster survivors who have been sexually exploited or abused by aid workers complain? Because keeping quiet is normal.

HAP International releases report into Sexual Exploitation and Abuse entitled, 'To complain or not to complain: still the question.'

No one really likes to complain but we do. In a given day we might complain if our food is overcooked in a restaurant, or if our 12 o'clock train doesn't appear until 12.35.

26 Jun 2008 description

Man-portable air defence systems (MANPADS) are short-range surface-to-air missile (SAMs) systems that are carried and operated by either a single individual or a crew of individuals. They are commonly referred to as shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles.

23 Jun 2008 description
report Chatham House

Executive summary

This report is a study of three peace processes in the Horn of Africa, a region of Africa distinguished by the prevalence and persistence of armed conflict. It deals with the Algiers Agreement of December 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the Somalia National Peace and Reconciliation Process concluded in October 2004 and the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement of January 2005. It examines in turn the background and historical context of the conflicts that these peace agreements were intended to resolve.