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04 Jun 2016 description

Strategic Assessment

The global terrorist threat continued to evolve rapidly in 2015, becoming increasingly decentralized and diffuse. Terrorist groups continued to exploit an absence of credible and effective state institutions, where avenues for free and peaceful expression of opinion were blocked, justice systems lacked credibility, and where security force abuses and government corruption went unchecked.

12 Aug 2014 description

Fact Sheet

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

August 11, 2014

24 May 2012 description
Introduction to the 2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

Fact Sheet

Office of the Spokesperson

Washington, DC

May 24, 2012

19 Aug 2011 description

Rwanda, with a population of 11 million, is a constitutional republic dominated by a strong presidency. In August voters elected President Paul Kagame to a second seven-year term with 93.1 percent of the vote.

08 Apr 2011 description

Somalia has an estimated population of seven million. The territory, which was recognized as the Somali state from 1960 to 1991, fragmented into regions led in whole or in part by three distinct entities: the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in Mogadishu, the self-declared Republic of Somaliland in the northwest, and the semiautonomous region of Puntland in the northeast. The TFG was formed in late 2004, with a five-year transitional mandate to establish permanent, representative governmental institutions and organize national elections.

08 Apr 2011 description

Eritrea is a one-party state that became independent in 1993 after its citizens voted for independence from Ethiopia, following 30 years of civil war. The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), previously known as the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, is the sole political party and has controlled the country since 1991. The country's president, Isaias Afwerki, who heads the PFDJ and the armed forces, dominated the country. The government continued to postpone general elections which have not taken place since independence in 1993.

08 Apr 2011 description

Yemen, with a population of approximately 23 million, is a republic whose law provides for presidential election by popular vote from among at least two candidates endorsed by parliament. In 2006 citizens reelected President Ali Abdullah Saleh to another seven-year term in a generally open and competitive election, but one characterized by multiple problems with the voting process and the use of state resources on behalf of the ruling party. Saleh has led the country since 1978. The president appoints the prime minister, who is the head of government.

07 Apr 2011 description

Sudan, a republic with an estimated population of 40 million, is governed according to a power-sharing arrangement established by the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended the 22-year civil war between the North and South and established an interim Government of National Unity (GNU).

02 Oct 2007 description

Jendayi E. Frazer, Assistant Secretary for African Affairs

House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Africa and Global Health Subcommittee Hearing

As Prepared

Good morning, and thank you, Chairman Payne, Ranking Member Smith and members of the Subcommittee, for the opportunity to discuss with you the current situation in Ethiopia and more broadly in the Horn of Africa sub-region. Before examining specific questions you may have, I would like to provide some context for that discussion.


13 Sep 2007 description

Holistic approach built on food security can stabilize postwar societies

By David McKeeby

30 Jun 2007 description

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

President Bush signed the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (the Act) on December 1, 2005. The Act sets out as a central goal the provision of affordable and equitable access to safe water and sanitation in developing countries as a key component of U.S. foreign assistance programs. It requires the Secretary of State, in consultation with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other U.S.

23 May 2006 description

Key goal is to "energize" Tripartite Process in Great Lakes region

09 Jan 2006 description

U.N. Ambassador Bolton says goal is to complete border demarcation

By Judy Aita, Washington File United Nations Correspondent

United Nations - The United States is sending a high-level delegation to the horn of Africa for a diplomatic initiative to defuse political tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea and get the border demarcation process back on track, U.S.

19 Dec 2005 description

State Department releases chronology of activities spanning 143 years

The United States has spent more than a billion dollars in the past dozen years on humanitarian land mine removal efforts around the world.

This money has been spent to remove land mines, pay for educational messages on the risks posed by mines, help victims of mine injuries, and fund research and development to improve existing humanitarian mine removal programs.

30 Jun 2005 description

Andrew Natsios , U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator

Washington, DC
June 30, 2005

07 Jun 2005 description

U.S president, British PM ask world community to increase humanitarian aid

President Bush June 7 announced that the United States will provide approximately $674 million in additional resources to respond to humanitarian emergencies in Africa and, along with British Prime Minister Tony Blair, he called on the international community to increase its funding for humanitarian emergencies in Africa.

The assistance was outlined in a White House fact sheet released the same day.

Of the funds, $414 million will be provided immediately to avert famine in the Horn of Africa, helping 14 …

10 May 2005 description

Office of the Spokesman
Washington, DC

10 Jun 2004 description

Africa to receive special focus, White House says