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28 Dec 2009 description
report Voice of America

Countries in the Horn of Africa were very much in the news in 2009. For example, the conflict and humanitarian crisis in Somalia, an arms embargo against Eritrea and a recent court case in Ethiopia resulting in death sentences for five people.

David Shinn, former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia, is following developments in the Horn. Shinn is an adjunct professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

Somalia

"Many of us thought that 2009 would be a decisive year for Somalia politically.

16 Dec 2009 description

Pieter D. Wezeman

SIPRI Background Paper

Summary

United Nation member states are currently discussing the feasibility of an arms trade treaty (ATT) which would seek to create better controls on international arms transfers. This Background Paper is one of a series produced by SIPRI to inform these discussions.

Arms flows to East and Southern Africa, which originate from a wide diversity of countries, are relatively small. However even small volumes of arms can play a major role in armed violence and can be an economic burden.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

11 Dec 2009 description

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)

08 Dec 2009 description
report European Union

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Brussels, 8 December 2009

The Council adopted the following conclusions:

" 1. The Council attaches importance to the EU's relationships with the countries of the Horn of Africa, underlines the potential of the region and reiterates the EU's commitment to further deepening these relations. It declares the EU's readiness to support the region in meeting its challenges, in close cooperation with the countries concerned as well as with regional and international partners.

04 Dec 2009 description

Summary

The Desert Locust situation continued developing in western Mauritania in early to mid-November. The national locust control center (CNLA) treated close to 9,560 during this month (close to 13,770 ha since 11 September, 2009). CNLA staff and three survey specialists - two from Morocco and one from Libya continued operations in Mauritania in November.

04 Dec 2009 description
report UN Children's Fund

UNICEF urgently requires USD 42,5 million to ensure the continuity of emergency assistance over the next three months for up to 24 million people affected by drought, chronic food insecurity and conflict in the Horn of Africa

- Across the Horn of Africa some 500,000 children under five are presently suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

- In 2009, UNICEF in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Uganda, UNICEF only received 42 per cent of its funding requirements despite 24 million people requiring emergency assistance in these countries.

04 Dec 2009 description

Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in east and central Africa. The East and Central Africa region encompasses the Horn of Africa, as well as the Great Lakes region, including Burundi, Chad, the Central African Republic(CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

02 Dec 2009 description

(U.S. coordinator for counterpiracy speaks with America.gov)

By Charles W. Corey

01 Dec 2009 description

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Committee on Early Warning and Response (CEWARN) said it is taking measure to address conflicts along the border of member states.

Speaking at the 7th meeting of the Technical committee on Early Warning and Response here on Monday Ethiopian Special Envoy to IGAD ambassador Brook Debebe said the institutional capacity of CEWARN has been strengthening in handling conflict management.

Clashes among pastoralist communities mostly occur because of natural resources mainly pasture and water, he said and added these resources are further …

30 Nov 2009 description

2010 Portfolio Highlights

27 countries, territories, missions

This 13th edition of the annual Portfolio of Mine Action Projects features overviews and project outlines for 27 countries, territories or missions affected by landmines and explosive remnants of war.

277 projects

There are 277 projects in the 2010 portfolio. Africa accounts for the largest number: 103.

95 appealing agencies; one in five projects from national NGOs

The 2010 portfolio continues to receive a high level of participation by an array of appealing agencies, including national authorities, …

30 Nov 2009 description

Executive Summary

This report presents the findings, conclu sions and recommendations of an evaluation of the Norwegian support to Norwegian People's Aid's mine action programmes commissioned by Norad's evaluation provides information on the results of Norwegian People's Aid's humanitarian mine activities, and provides recommendations that can be used in future identification, design, and implementation of humanitarian mine activities.

26 Nov 2009 description

Norway has decided to increase emergency relief to Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia because of the drought. At the same time it is important to increase food security.

More than 20 million people are suffering from hunger as a result of the severe drought and conflicts in this densely populated region. Norway is now allocating NOK 40 million in emergency relief to victims of the drought.

"I am deeply concerned about the civilian population, who are severely affected," said Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim.

25 Nov 2009 description

Clichy, le 26 novembre 2009 - Le changement climatique est déjà là et les populations de nombreux pays y sont déjà violemment et régulièrement confrontées, particulièrement dans les pays les plus pauvres victimes d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe.

25 Nov 2009 description
report UN Mission in Sudan

Opening Remarks

Thank you, ladies and gentlemen.

I have just returned from Eastern Sudan which, as you know, is the centre of one of the longest standing refugee situations in Africa. The East epitomizes this country's long history of hosting refugees. It is a tribute to both the Government of Sudan and the people of the Eastern region, who share land and natural resources with refugees who have nowhere else to go.

I visited Wad Sharifey, Shagarab and Kilo 26 refugee camps.

17 Nov 2009 description

General Situation

Since the fall of the Siad Barre's regime in 1991, Somalia fell in the hands of different militias commanded by powerful warlords, who divided the country along clan lines. Since then, there have been at least 15 attempts to re-establish a national government, the last of which UNHCR Somalia Funding Situation 32,600,000 brought to power Sheik Shariif Ahmed, at the end of January 2009.

17 Nov 2009 description

UNHCR Somalia's Core Activities

- Coordinate and guide all protection activities targeting IDPs in Somalia, as Protection Cluster chair;

- Coordinate and guide all shelter activities benefiting IDPs in Somalia, as the Shelter and Non Food Items (NFIs) Cluster chair;

- Coordinate all humanitarian activities focusing on Mixed Migration, co-chairing the Mixed Migration Task Force;

- Provide protection and assistance to Refugees and Asylum Seekers living in Somalia, as well as seeking durable solutions to their displacement;

- Implement protection and shelter …

16 Nov 2009 description

Responsables des projets et programmes, experts du développement agricole et rural et fonctionnaires du FIDA discutent de l'accès au marché et de l'intégration de l'agiculture et de l'élevage comme moyens d'améliorer la productivité agricole.

Bujumbura, le 16 novembre 2009. Le Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA) organise du 16 au 19 novembre 2009 à Bujumbura, Burundi, un atelier régional sur l'exécution de ses projets et des programmes en Afrique de l'Est et Australe.

07 Nov 2009 description
report Xinhua

SANAA, Nov 07, 2009 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- Yemen's coast-guards seized a boat carrying dozens of African migrants after illegally entering its territorial waters, state-run SABA news agency reported Saturday.

"The smuggling boat was carrying 64 African refuge-seekers, including eight Somalis and 56 Ethiopians and Eritreans," the report quoted security sources as saying.

Between January and August this year, about 36,000 African migrants reached Yemen's shores, with an increase of 33 percent over the same period last year.

In 2008, around 50,000 Africans …