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16 Dec 2009 description

Pieter D. Wezeman

SIPRI Background Paper

Summary

United Nation member states are currently discussing the feasibility of an arms trade treaty (ATT) which would seek to create better controls on international arms transfers. This Background Paper is one of a series produced by SIPRI to inform these discussions.

Arms flows to East and Southern Africa, which originate from a wide diversity of countries, are relatively small. However even small volumes of arms can play a major role in armed violence and can be an economic burden.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

21 Oct 2009 description

By Bronwen Manby

Summary

Laws and practices governing citizenship in too many African countries effectively leave hundreds of thousands of people without a nationality.

21 Oct 2009 description

First comprehensive analysis of Africa's citizenship laws highlights consequences of gender and ethnic discrimination

(Kampala, Uganda, 21 October 2009) - The lack of citizenship rights generates conflict and undermines democracy in many countries in Africa, according to two new studies by the Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Une analyse complète des lois sur la nationalité en Afrique met en exergue les conséquences de la discrimination basée sur le genre et l'appartenance ethnique

(Kampala, Ouganda, 21 octobre 2009) - L'absence de droits en matière de nationalité engendre des conflits et affaiblit la démocratie dans de nombreux pays africains, d'après deux nouvelles études réalisées par l'Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Par Bronwen Manby

Résumé

Dans un trop grand nombre de pays africains, les lois et pratiques régissant la nationalité ont pour effet de laisser des centaines de milliers de gens sans nationalité. Les apatrides africains constituent l'un des groupes des populations les plus vulnérables du continent. Ils ne peuvent ni voter ni se présenter à des élections ; ils ne peuvent ni inscrire leurs enfants à l'école, ni voyager librement ou posséder une propriété foncière ; ils ne peuvent pas être employés par l'État ; ils sont exposés aux violations des droits humains.

14 Oct 2009 description

Des Moines, Iowa-Twenty-nine countries around the world have alarming or extremely alarming levels of hunger, and thirteen countries have actually seen increases in their hunger levels since 1990, according to the 2009 Global Hunger Index report. The Democratic Republic of Congo scored the worst, followed by Burundi, Eritrea, Sierra Leone, Chad, and Ethiopia.

15 Sep 2009 description

Gugu Dube, Dominique Dye (Junior Researchers) & Noël Stott, Senior Research Fellow, Arms Management Programme, ISS Pretoria

From the 9th - 11 September 2009, representatives from African states participated in the 3rd Continental Conference of African Experts on Landmines. The conference was hosted by the Government of the Republic of South Africa, in collaboration with the African Union (AU) and with the financial support of the European Union.

22 Jul 2009 description

SIPRI Fact Sheet July 2009

QUICK FACTS

- Close to 79 000 personnel were deployed in 19 operations in Africa in 2008.

- Personnel numbers in Africa in 2008 had increased by 14 % over the 2007 level and 400 % over the 1999 level.

- Almost a third of all operations worldwide and 42 % of all personnel were located in Africa in 2008.

- Operations were active in 13 African countries in 2008.

- The UN sent 70% of all peace operation personnel it deployed worldwide in 2008 to Africa.

- Personnel deployments in Africa were 21 % short of the authorized levels in 2008.

- Five …

04 Jun 2009 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Government fighters launched a counter-offensive on June 2 against hardline Islamist militant groups, Hisbul Islam and al-Shabaab.

SIGNIFICANCE: The government has barely survived a concerted assault on Mogadishu, which threatens to derail the Djibouti peace process.

ANALYSIS: Since it moved to Mogadishu in February, the expanded Transitional Federal Government (TFG-Djibouti) has made only limited progress in increasing coherence among the unwieldy coalition of which it is formed.

30 Apr 2009 description

The effects of climate change on the drylands of the Horn of Africa pose particular and difficult policy challenges. The arid climate together with the poverty faced by its inhabitants mean that the higher temperatures, intensifying rains and increasingly frequent extreme weather events that climate science projects for the region can only exacerbate the problems of development.

31 Mar 2009 description

Introducción

El "Barómetro" es un informe trimestral editado en castellano, catalán y en inglés por el Programa de Conflictos y Construcción de Paz de la Escola de Cultura de Pau de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, que analiza los acontecimientos ocurridos en el mundo a lo largo del trimestre (enero-marzo de 2009) a través de cinco apartados: conflictos armados, tensiones, procesos de paz, crisis humanitarias y dimensión de género en la construcción de la paz.

18 Mar 2009 description

ODI background note

By Alan Nicol and Nanki Kaur

Water is the key medium that links atmospheric temperature rises to changes in human and physical systems.

Climate change will alter the hydrological cycle in many ways. The trigger is the warming of the atmosphere and oceans, which will change major weather systems.

07 Mar 2009 description

Introduction

The deployment of peacekeepers is increasingly becoming a reflex solution to crises, often in the absence of viable political agreements. The cluster of peace operations in the Broader Horn of Africa - stretching from Central African Republic and Chad, through Sudan, to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia - epitomizes both practices. Moreover, though the conflicts in the region are deeply inter-linked, the peace operations there are not, nor do they form part of a broader regional strategy.