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30 Dec 2009 description

Foreword

At its 5th meeting in copenhagen in november 2008, the GFDrr consultative Group asked the secretariat to focus on a select group of priority countries to achieve increased impact. in GFDrr’s Track ii, Mainstreaming Disaster risk reduction in Development, this lead to a prioritization of operations in 20 core countries, including Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, indonesia, Kyrgyz Republic, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Marshall islands, Mozambique, Nepal, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Solomon islands, Togo, vietnam, and Republic of Yemen.

20 Dec 2009 description
report Human Rights Watch

Summary

For several years, tens of thousands of asylum seekers and refugees fleeing to Yemen from the volatile Horn of Africa region have endured terrible human rights abuses that have gone largely ignored by the outside world. Many have suffered violence or lost their lives while attempting the perilous sea crossing from the Horn.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

08 Dec 2009 description

Unless it received new funding from donors immediately, United Nations humanitarian operations in Somalia would begin 2010 with "zero" in the bank, a "life-threatening" situation that could trigger a spillover of people into neighbouring states like Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya, said Mark Bowden, United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.

Addressing journalists at an afternoon press conference on the humanitarian situation in that country, he said Somalia was the setting for a long-running humanitarian crisis, brought on by drought and made …

04 Dec 2009 description
report UN Children's Fund

UNICEF urgently requires USD 42,5 million to ensure the continuity of emergency assistance over the next three months for up to 24 million people affected by drought, chronic food insecurity and conflict in the Horn of Africa

- Across the Horn of Africa some 500,000 children under five are presently suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

- In 2009, UNICEF in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Uganda, UNICEF only received 42 per cent of its funding requirements despite 24 million people requiring emergency assistance in these countries.

04 Dec 2009 description

Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in east and central Africa. The East and Central Africa region encompasses the Horn of Africa, as well as the Great Lakes region, including Burundi, Chad, the Central African Republic(CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

01 Dec 2009 description

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Committee on Early Warning and Response (CEWARN) said it is taking measure to address conflicts along the border of member states.

Speaking at the 7th meeting of the Technical committee on Early Warning and Response here on Monday Ethiopian Special Envoy to IGAD ambassador Brook Debebe said the institutional capacity of CEWARN has been strengthening in handling conflict management.

Clashes among pastoralist communities mostly occur because of natural resources mainly pasture and water, he said and added these resources are further …

30 Nov 2009 description


- Current food insecurity in the East Africa region is concentrated in the lowland pastoral and marginal cropping areas of the region (mostly in Somalia, Kenya, and southeastern Ethiopia), where the bulk of the 17 million highly or extremely food insecure population is found (Figure 1).

25 Nov 2009 description

Clichy, le 26 novembre 2009 - Le changement climatique est déjà là et les populations de nombreux pays y sont déjà violemment et régulièrement confrontées, particulièrement dans les pays les plus pauvres victimes d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe.

17 Nov 2009 description

UNHCR Somalia's Core Activities

- Coordinate and guide all protection activities targeting IDPs in Somalia, as Protection Cluster chair;

- Coordinate and guide all shelter activities benefiting IDPs in Somalia, as the Shelter and Non Food Items (NFIs) Cluster chair;

- Coordinate all humanitarian activities focusing on Mixed Migration, co-chairing the Mixed Migration Task Force;

- Provide protection and assistance to Refugees and Asylum Seekers living in Somalia, as well as seeking durable solutions to their displacement;

- Implement protection and shelter …

16 Nov 2009 description

Responsables des projets et programmes, experts du développement agricole et rural et fonctionnaires du FIDA discutent de l'accès au marché et de l'intégration de l'agiculture et de l'élevage comme moyens d'améliorer la productivité agricole.

Bujumbura, le 16 novembre 2009. Le Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA) organise du 16 au 19 novembre 2009 à Bujumbura, Burundi, un atelier régional sur l'exécution de ses projets et des programmes en Afrique de l'Est et Australe.

10 Nov 2009 description

GLIDE n=B0 OT-2008-000196- DJI/ERI/ETH/KEN/SOM

Period covered by this Operations Update: 8 May 2009 to 25 October 2009;

Appeal target (current): The appeal target for 2009 is CHF 75,760,326 (USD 66,586,679 or EUR 50,213,969) following an appeal revision on 23 June.

Appeal coverage: 12%

Appeal history:

- This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 11 December 2008 for CHF 113,992,868 (USD 95.4m or EUR 72.8m) months to assist 2.2 million beneficiaries over a period of five years.

- CHF 130,000 was allocated from the International Federation's Disaster Relief …

06 Nov 2009 description
report British Red Cross

East Africa has always been a drought-prone region, but 25 years on from the famine in Ethiopia, which made the world sit up and take notice, the situation is again deteriorating.

This year, countries severely affected by drought and increased food prices include Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti. More than 23 million people are facing a major food crisis with significant threat to lives and livelihoods.

One reason the situation hasn't improved is because climate change means weather-related disasters are happening with increasing frequency and intensity.

31 Oct 2009 description


- About 17 million people in the East Africa region are food insecure (Figure 1) and are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. This is mainly due to the cumulative effects of poor rainfall/droughts in pastoral and marginal cropping areas in the eastern sector of the region, civil insecurity/conflict and consequent population displacement and disruption to markets, and high food prices.

27 Oct 2009 description

Erratic rains, conflict and stubbornly high food prices are exacerbating hunger across the countries of the Horn of Africa. WFP is aiming to feed some 20 million people in the coming months.

Kenyans are suffering from the worst drought in almost a decade, with harvests failing for the fourth year running in many parts of the country. The number of Ethiopians requiring emergency food relief has increased by over one million this year alone.

27 Oct 2009 description

The first ever European Report on Development (ERD) was launched at European Development Days in Stockholm. Europe's top experts put the focus on the challenges faced by fragile African countries in an unstable global economic context. Their report highlights the destabilising effect of the global economic downturn, and makes recommendations for the way forward.

26 Oct 2009 description

In accordance with the Secretary-General's Bulletin (ST/SGB/2006/10), the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) is responsible for setting priorities for the use of the CERF Underfunded window and for selecting countries to receive allocations from that window, in close consultation with relevant humanitarian agencies.

26 Oct 2009 description

Regional Displacement Summary

At the end of September 2009, there were 10,188,709 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 10 out of 18 countries in the East and Central Africa region. This represents a net increase of 1,084,383 IDPs within the last six months.

Countries with ongoing massive internal displacements include the Democratic Republic of Congo (2.12 million), Sudan (4 million) and Somalia (1.55 million).