Appeals & Response Plans
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- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
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- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
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ADDIS ABABA-DJIBOUTI, 21 December 2012 (IRIN) - More people from the Horn of Africa region, especially Ethiopia and Somalia, are crossing international borders as irregular migrants - lacking official documentation or approval - drawn by the promise of a better life in the Arabian Peninsula.
“A growing number of Ethiopians opt to undergo a perilous journey through the Gulf of Aden, hoping to get to the Middle East via Yemen,” Demissew Bizuwerk, a communication officer for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Ethiopia, told IRIN.
December 2012 – Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan
AT A GLANCE
Conditions across the Horn of Africa have improved but 8 million people remain food insecure. This is down from 13.3 million one year ago.
Somalia remains the most affected country with 2.1 million people in need of urgent food assistance. Ongoing conflict, population displacement, limited access for humanitarian agencies and the disruption of economic activities compound the food security situation in the country.
AT A GLANCE
An estimated 8 million people remain food insecure in the Horn of Africa. The majority of those in need of humanitarian assistance are in Somalia (2.12 million).
The general food security outlook for the Horn indicates that crop production should be favorable ahead of the end of the year harvests. Livelihood improvements still depend on how certain communities (especially pastoralists) are able to recover from the previous seasons’ poor crop production, loss of livestock and macro-economic shocks.
The Board of Directors of the African Development Group, approved a project in the amount of USD 125 million for the first phase of the drought resilience project and provision of long-lasting means of subsistence to populations in the Horn of Africa.
Three countries, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya as well as the Igad secretariat are concerned by the first phase of this regional project funded way of loans and grants provided by the African Development Fund (ADF) beginning 2013.
The activities proposed hereafter are subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2013/01000
DROUGHT CRISIS AND CONFLICT IN THE HORN OF AFRICA – STATE OF PLAY
Tropical cyclone Evan hit Samoa and Fiji on 13 and 16 December. As a category 4 storm, Evan caused significant damage to homes and infrastructure on both islands. 3,500 people were evacuated to emergency shelters in Fiji. In Samoa 1,500 were evacuated and 2 killed.Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) made landfall in the southern Philippines on 4 December, carrying winds of up to 160 kilometres an hour.
UNHCR Operation highlights
Somalia is the country generating the third highest number of refugees in the world, after Afghanistan and Iraq.
Somali people are facing one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. One in three Somalis is in urgent need of humanitarian assistance and one in every three children living in the South-Central region is malnourished.
Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) made landfall in the southern Philippines on 4 December, carrying winds of up to 160 kilometres an hour. More than 5.4 million people have been affected in seven provinces, according to Government estimates. On 9 December an earthquake of 5.6 magnitude struck Davo Oriental province in the Philippines, which was one of the most affected by the typhoon.
The situation in Syria continues to deteriorate, with heavy fighting south and northeast of Damascus following a major operation launched by the Government to prevent rebels from advancing on the capital.
• 3,650 Somali refugees arrive in Ethiopia’s Dollo Ado in November
• Ethiopian Government authorizes opening of sixth Dollo Ado camp
• November sees lowest 2012 Somalia displacement
• Kenyan Government allows two-week Dadaab camp registration
The most recent (2010–2011) drought in the arid and semiarid lowlands (ASAL) of the Horn of Africa has rendered over 13 million people in need of food, and caused a devastating famine in southern Somalia. The drought has also raised concerns that pastoralist livelihoods in this region are no longer viable or sustainable, thereby justifying strategies that aim to sedentarize and diversify these livelihoods. Countering this view are advocates of wholesale protection of pastoralist livelihoods.
Firmer production estimates for 2012 confirm tightening wheat and maize supplies while the outlook for rice remains positive. In spite of a contraction in overall cereal utilization in 2012/13, the world cereal stock-to-use ratio is projected to decline by 2 percentage points from the previous season.
An earthquake with magnitude 5.6 has hit South Khorasan province in Iran, killing at least eight people and injuring 12. As of 6 December, no further information on the impact is available. Typhoon Bopha has made landfall in the southern Philippines on 4 December, carrying winds of up to 160 kilometres an hour. More than 294,000 people have been affected in seven provinces, according to Government estimates. Severe rains have affected at least 6,500 people in Panama, prompting the Government of Panama to declare a state of emergency for the regions of La Chorrera, Capira and Colón.
Storm Bopha is heading toward southern Philippines as thousands of people are evacuating in high-risk areas. The storm is expected to intensify to a typhoon and will make landfall in Northern Mindanao late on Tuesday night. Severe rains have affected at least 6,500 people in Panama prompting the Government of Panama to declare a state of emergency for the regions of La Chorrera, Capira and Colón.
The situation in Syria continues to deteriorate, with heavy fighting in Damascus, Homs, Aleppo, Deir al-Zor, Deraa as well as Idlib and Hama provinces.
Acute food insecurity likely to decline for most poor households from October to March.
October to March 2013 is anticipated to have a significant reduction in the food insecure population in East Africa from the exceptionally high level of acute food insecurity during the peak of the drought crisis in August 2011. An estimated 14.5 million people in Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti, and Rwanda, down from 16 million in September 2012, are in the Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) phases of acute food insecurity.
In West Africa, food prices were stable or decreased in October as the availability of staple foods continued to improve with ongoing harvests and the start of the marketing season. Some price increases occurred in region’s urban centers and structurally deficit zones due to limited commodity flows from surplus-producing areas.
covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea/Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland and Yemen.