Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, October 2018 to May 2019
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 67 | 29 October - 11 November 2018
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 66 | 15 - 28 October 2018
Central and East Africa is home to the ICRC's second biggest operation in South Sudan. Africa as a whole accounts for 40% of the ICRC's field budget and Central and East Africa is home to four of the top ten largest ICRC operations in the world (South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and DRC). Within Africa, as in the rest of the world, people are forced to leave their homes as a result of armed conflict and other situations of violence. Some of these people remain internally displaced in their own country, whilst others flee across borders as migrants.
This report draws on some recent operational experiences of the ICRC to describe the theory and practice of the ICRC’s approach to humanitarian assistance in protracted conflict. The ICRC spends about two thirds of its budget on protracted conflicts. The average length of time the ICRC has been present in the countries hosting its ten largest operations is more than 36 years. Protracted conflicts are a major source of human suffering and a cause of protracted displacement, migration and development reversals.
The 2014 Annual report of the ICRC is an account of field activities conducted worldwide. Activities are part of the organization's mandate to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war, and to promote respect for international humanitarian law.
Facts and figures
26.2 million people had access to water and sanitation improved.
Read more on water and shelter.
9.12 million people were provided with basic aid such as food.
Read more on aid distribution.
Annual Report for 2013: A strong response to complex crises
14-05-2014 News Release 14/81
Every year, the ICRC brings drinking water and better living conditions to some 20 million people. Water and habitat has changed a lot over the last 30 years, as have the challenges, says Jean-Philippe Dross, head of the ICRC’s Water and Habitat Unit.
How has the impact of conflict on living conditions and water changed over the last few decades?
As the ICRC Water and Habitat Unit celebrates its 30th anniversary, we look back at some of the ICRCs most significant water, sanitation and shelter operations over the last three decades.
In 1859, four years before the ICRC was formed, our founder Henry Dunant made water one of his priorities as he struggled to help wounded soldiers after the Battle of Solferino. Thirty years ago, our awareness of the essential role of water, sanitation and habitat for the victims of conflict led us to create the Water and Habitat Unit, known as "WatHab."
In 1997, 123 States signed the first-ever treaty banning the development, production, stockpiling, transfer and use of a weapon that was already in widespread use: anti-personnel landmines. Fifteen years later, their use and production has been curbed dramatically, while data on clearance, stockpile destruction and casualty rates show undeniable progress towards eliminating the problem. However, much still needs to be achieved, as Claude Tardif, Hhead of the ICRC’s physical rehabilitation programme, explains.
15-11-2012 Operational Update
Thousands of families have fled ongoing fighting in Sudan and are now sheltering in camps in Maban County, in South Sudan's Upper Nile state. The ICRC has distributed aid to 80,000 refugees and is working to improve access to clean water.
Water and aid
Geneva (ICRC) - Tackling the problem of internal displacement in all its dimensions requires a huge concerted effort at both the State and international level, says the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
In 2008, armed conflicts and other situations of violence shattered the lives of large numbers of children, women and men in many countries among which the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Georgia, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Chad and Colombia. Direct attacks on civilian communities, general insecurity and the destruction of livelihoods forced innumerable civilians to flee their homes.
ICRC News Release No. 09/109
Geneva (ICRC) - Millions of people affected by armed conflict have become more vulnerable because of the combined effects of war, natural disasters and continued high food prices, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said today.
Neutral and independent humanitarian action
Address by Angelo Gnaedinger, ICRC Director-General, Humanitarian and Resident Coordinators' Retreat, Geneva, 9 May 2007
Mr Chairman, dear colleagues and friends,
Allow me to begin by saying how pleased I am to be here with you this afternoon, and by thanking OCHA for having invited the ICRC to address your eminent gathering.
This document outlines the global operational priorities identified by the ICRC in 2006. It is based on the yearly internal review and planning process conducted primarily by the 80 field delegations and missions.
Every year, tens of thousands of people, mostly civilians, are killed or injured by landmines and other explosive remnants of war.Those that survive are often disabled for life, adding to the many hundreds of thousands of mine survivors around the world in need of long-term care,rehabilita-tion, and social and economic support. Assistance for mine victims must be an integral part of public health-care systems and must not discriminate against persons who are ill,injured or disabled for reasons other than mines.
Geneva (ICRC) - As the final quarter of 2004 approaches, the ICRC still requires 132 million Swiss francs (Sfr) to cover its planned operations.
The ICRC maintained a permanent presence in 79 countries throughout the world. Its delegations were distributed as follows:
This document supplements the ICRC's Headquarters Appeal 2003and contains:
- an overview of the ICRC's operations in 2003
- a description of its presence in the field
- a breakdown of its operational organization
- a description of its target populations
- a concise description of its programmes
- a brief description of its 63 delegations
- overall budget amounts
- overall budget and budgets by programme for each delegation
To commemorate International Women's Day the ICRC takes this opportunity to give an update on some of the recent initiatives and programmes for women in its operations throughout the world.
Introduction by the Director of Operations
The operational trends and priorities for 2002 that are set out in this document reflect the humanitarian situation as foreseen in the light of the lessons learned during the first nine months of 2001 and of initial indications as to the consequences of the attacks of 11 September. At the time of writing, early November 2001, events are still unfolding and their repercussions and future impact on ICRC operations are difficult to anticipate and assess.
The attacks of 11 September 2001