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31 Dec 2013 description

Executive Summary

In 2009, an estimated 400 000 children were newly infected with HIV, with 90% of infections occurring in children in sub-Saharan Africa through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Without any intervention, the risk of MTCT ranges from 20% to 45%; without any treatment, half of the babies will die before their second birthday. About 42 000 to 60 000 of pregnant women die from HIV. In contrast, in high-income countries, the number of new infections among children as well as the number of maternal and child deaths due to HIV are virtually zero.

26 Dec 2013 description
Horn of Africa - version 4
Operational guidance Djibouti
Operational guidance Ethiopia
Operational guidance Kenya
Operational guidance Somalia
  1. MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

In order to match the needs and current context in the Horn of Africa, it was decided to enable a transfer of EUR 1 900 000 from the Food Aid Budget Line to the Humanitarian Aid Budget Line.

This change aims at better reflecting the realities of the projects selected in the different countries.

20 Dec 2013 description

UNHCR releases data for first half 2013 showing sharp rise in forced displacement

UNHCR warned today in a report that 2013 was on track for some of the highest levels of forced displacement ever seen by the agency, due to unusually large numbers of new refugees and internally displaced people. The report said 5.9 million people were forced to flee their homes in the first six months of the year, compared with 7.6 million for all of 2012. The biggest producer of new displacement was Syria.

18 Dec 2013 description

Highlights

· Sporadic fighting kills over 100 people and displaces more than 100,000 others in Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan

· South Sudan imposes a curfew following a failed coup attempt

· Humanitarian actors report a funding shortfall of US$11.9 million for more than 140,000 Ethiopia migrants being received from Saudi Arabia

· The more than 55,000 illegal immigrants expelled from Tanzania are still in need of humanitarian assistance

17 Dec 2013 description
  1. Executive Summary

Asylum seekers and refugees in Kayole, Eastleigh and Kitengela have made great strides integrating into the social and economic life of Nairobi. The livelihoods baseline illustrates that the socio-economic profile of the urban asylum seeker or refugee is not that of desperation and dependence. Rather it is one of incredible resilience in the face of significant odds. The majority are engaged in economic activities in the informal sector, and have made modest gains with limited support from the Government of Kenya or the humanitarian community.

17 Dec 2013 description

In Syria, government military aircraft targeted rebel-held districts in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people according to opposition activists. In parallel, Damascus announced that it had retaken control of the key Damascus – Homs supply highway after gaining ground in the battle for the strategic Qalamoun region. London and Washington decided to suspend all non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition fearing that military equipment may fall under the control of Islamic radical groups.

11 Dec 2013 description
report ACT Alliance

The Kakuma refugee camp currently houses over 110,000 men, women and children who have fled wars in neighboring countries. ACT organisations work on many elements of the care people need, including psychosocial care. This short video uses examples to show how psychosocial care works and why it is so important.

09 Dec 2013 description

Snapshot 3 - 10 December

In Syria, the conflict has been going on for over 1,000 days, and to date, the war has displaced 6.5 million people internally and forced 2.3 million to cross into neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, Washington indicated that it has been in talks with Islamist opposition factions non-linked to Al-Qaeda, in order to push for a negotiated settlement to the crisis.

02 Dec 2013 description

In Syria, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that an estimated 126,000 people have died during the conflict, more than a third of them civilians. Meanwhile, Turkey and Iran, which support opposing sides within the crisis, jointly called for a ceasefire before the beginning of the peace talks, set for 22 January in Geneva.

25 Nov 2013 description

In Syria, government forces fully control the town of Qara after almost a week of heavy fighting which caused over 15,000 Syrian refugees to cross into Lebanon. Meanwhile, the UN stated that it has brokered an agreement allowing for the Government of Syria and opposition negotiators to meet for peace talks in Geneva on January 22. The opposition reaffirmed the conditions of its participation: the release of prisoners, humanitarian assistance for besieged towns, and the exclusion of President Assad from the new transitional government.

22 Nov 2013 description

In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and October 2013, as well as the ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States is provided.

Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region

21 Nov 2013 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Regional food security in eastern Africa shows marked improvement

  • Nutrition in Turkana Central worsens from Serious to Critical

  • No polio in South Sudan, as political impasse hinders vaccination in Sudan More than 100 people dead and over one million others affected by floods since August

  • More than 10 million people displaced in the region as of September 2013

  • Agreement signed for return of Somali refugees in Kenya, as similar plans are made for return of Burundians in Uganda

11 Nov 2013 description

Snapshot 5 – 12 November

In Syria, the opposition agreed to participate in international peace talks in Geneva under the condition that President al-Assad is excluded from any transitional government, which constitutes a major obstacle to the initiation of the process as the Government stated it will not enter discussion if this demand is upheld. The peace dialogue has been repeatedly postponed and will not go ahead as planned in November. To date, the overall number of Syrian refugees is over 2.2 million and the number of people in need in the country stands at 9.3 million.

06 Nov 2013 description
  • The passage of a weak tropical disturbance is expected to produce heavy amounts of rainfall over northern Somalia.
  • Poor October rainfall across parts of central and eastern Kenya, as well as, southern Somalia lead to strengthening moisture deficits in the region.

1) The development of a tropical disturbance in the northwestern Indian Ocean is expected to move west and bring significantly heavy amounts of rainfall across the Gulf of Aden and Somalia.

06 Nov 2013 description

Surveys in neighboring countries reveal border areas where HIV prevalence may also be high in South Sudan. The primary source of HIV surveillance data in South Sudan comes from pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC). However, ANC data tend to overestimate HIV prevalence in the general population and may not even be representative of pregnant women living in the areas immediately surrounding the clinic. Less than half of South Sudanese women receive antenatal care at a health facility.