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19 Feb 2015 description

Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided

In this issue:

27 Jan 2015 description
report UN Children's Fund

New study on child poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Two thirds of children in sub-Saharan Africa experience multiple deprivations

New UNICEF study provides extensive new data and analysis of multidimensional child poverty

05 Jan 2015 description

Countries in Africa have been working on improving their preparedness in the event of an Ebola outbreak. The WHO teams have provided simulated exercises in hospitals and technical training, for immediate emergency response and communication.

Mamo Jatta is a Regional Public Health and Surveillance Officer in The Gambia and, like many people living near Ebola affected countries, he is concerned the disease will enter his own country, “I recently visited the town where I grew up and wondered what would happen if Ebola were to hit us here, would we be ready for it?”

05 Jan 2015 description

Les pays d’Afrique s’emploient à améliorer leur préparation en cas de flambée d’Ebola. Les équipes de l’OMS ont procédé à des exercices de simulation dans les hôpitaux et dispensé une formation technique concernant l’intervention d’urgence et la communication.

31 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

· There have been 20 206 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7905 reported deaths.

· Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia, although Liberia reported more cases in the week ending 28 December than in the previous week.

· There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. However, the west of the country is still experiencing the most intense transmission of all affected countries.

· The United Kingdom has reported its first confirmed case of Ebola.

28 Dec 2014 description
report UN Children's Fund

The 2013 Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy in Conflict-Affected Contexts (PBEA) programme Consolidated Annual Report draws from detailed reports prepared by UNICEF country and regional offices, as well as UNICEF section and partner reports.

24 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • There have been 19 497 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7588 reported deaths.

  • Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.

  • There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone, although the country’s west is now experiencing the most intense transmission in the affected countries. Response efforts have been strengthened to curb the spread of disease in the area.

SUMMARY

17 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • There have been 18 603 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 6915 reported deaths.

  • Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.

  • There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. A major operation has been implemented to curb the spread of disease in the west of the country.

  • No new cases have been reported in Mali since 24 November. All contacts of the outbreak in Bamako have completed the 21-day follow-up period.

11 Dec 2014 description
report African Union

December 10, 2014 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: In commemoration of the second year anniversary of the entry into force of the Kampala Convention, The Department of Political Affairs of the African Union Commission in partnership with the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) ­ Liaison Office with the AU, successfully concluded a two and half day training workshop on National Responsibility to protect IDPs. The training workshop took place in the African Union headquarters from 8th ­10th of December 2014.

11 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.

  • Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.

09 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Les taux d’infection d’Ebola ralentissent au Liberia et se stabilisent en Guinée mais continuent d’augmenter en Sierra Leone. De nouveaux cas enregistrés dans la capitale du Mali, Bamako.

  • 700 000 PDI enregistrés au nordest du Nigeria, dans les états d’Adamawa, Borno, et Yobe.

  • En trois jours consécutifs, près de 15 000 personnes fuient le Nigeria pour se réfugier à Diffa, Niger, suite à l’attaque d’une ville à la frontière.

09 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Ebola infection rates slowing down in Liberia, leveling-off in Guinea, increasing in Sierra Leone. New cases reported in the Malian capital, Bamako.

  • 700,000 IDPs registered in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states in Northeast Nigeria.

  • Nearly 15,000 people fleeing Nigeria for Diffa, Niger, in three days after border town attack.

  • Over USD$11 million of humanitarian goods lost in Burkina Faso.

  • 1,000 people evacuated after volcano eruption in Cabo Verde.

27 Nov 2014 description

Weekly
November 28, 2014 / 63(47);1104-1107

E. Kainne Dokubo, MD1, Annabel Baddeley, MPH2, Ishani Pathmanathan, MD1, William Coggin, MSA3, Jacqueline Firth, MD4, Haileyesus Getahun, MD, PhD2, Jonathan Kaplan, MD1, Anand Date, MD1 (Author affiliations at end of text)

26 Nov 2014 description
  • In response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in South Sudan, over 19,000 children were vaccinated last week in Bentiu Poc, where the two cases were reported. Outbreak response plans are in place to hold three rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas to stop transmission of the virus.

25 Nov 2014 description

Pakistan: Drought conditions in Sindh have affected nearly 1.7 million people; nearly 500 have died in Tharparkar, including 296 children. In FATA, the number of people displaced by the military’s operation Khyber One in the Tirah Valley has grown to 440,000 people, adding to 993,000 displaced by operations in North Waziristan.

Liberia: Two million children are thought to be affected by the consequences of the Ebola epidemic. High levels of unemployment are affecting income: 70% of households in a recent survey said they do not have enough money to afford food.

18 Nov 2014 description

Snapshot 12–18 November

Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.

13 Nov 2014 description
  • In Madagascar, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed. The virus was isolated from one case of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with onset of paralysis on 29 September, and from three healthy contacts. An estimated more than 25% of children remain under-immunized against polio in the country. Madagascar was previously affected by a cVDPV2 outbreak in 2001/2002 (resulting in five cases) and in 2005 (resulting in three cases). Emergency outbreak response is being finalized, with campaigns to be held in December and January.