Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
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Maize grain remained the most traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the second quarter of 2016 since it is consumed by a large percentage of the population. However, the quality of maize available in the region is of poor quality resulting in significant rejection rates by millers.
Locally produced rice mostly from Tanzania was the second major crop traded in the region but is still grappling with issues of origin since some of it is mixed with Asian attracting the full East Africa common external tariff.
About This Report
• El Nino related rains has improved food and nutrition security in many parts of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, southern Ethiopia and south and central Somalia during the last season (Oct-Dec 2015).
Maize grain, was the single most traded commodity in the East Africa region in 2015 as depicted in Figure 1. There were also significant informal cross-border trade of dry beans, cooking bananas, locally produced rice, sorghum, sesame; imported sugar, wheat and flour.
Most of the primary staple food commodities were informally traded while a majority of the processed food commodities were formally traded in the region in 2015.
The August 2015 FSNWG update reports indicate that approximately 19.2 million people in the Greater Horn of Africa are facing crisis and emergency food insecurity and are in urgent need of assistance.
Current Conditions: Regional Highlight
• Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1) in parts of Sudan, western & central Ethiopia, agricultural areas of Uganda, western Kenya, southwest South Sudan, northern Somalia, Rwanda and Burundi but stressed (IPC Phase 2) in most pastoral areas;
• Crisis and emergency food insecurity remains a concern mostly in DRC, CAR and conflict-affected states of South Sudan, parts of NE Kenya, NE Ethiopia, some districts in Karamoja, Darfur in Sudan, IDP sites in Somalia;
The East and Central Africa Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (FSNWG) is a multi-stakeholder regional forum, chaired by IGAD and FAO, and mandated to conduct regional food and nutrition security situational and response analysis in the region.
KEY MESSAGES ON CURRENT FOOD SECURITY & NUTRITION CONDITIONS
Current conditions continue to improve when compared to long-term trends
Much of the region is expecting near normal harvests coming months
Food prices, whilst higher than long-term trends, continue to be stable
Recent analyses in DRC, Djibouti and Burundi illustrate the impact of chronic and extreme poverty on food security status in these countries
CAR food security and nutrition situation requires focused attention
KEY MESSAGES FROM THE FSNWG MEETING March 21, 2013
Fighting in CAR has led to acute food insecurity for almost half of the country. CAR remains a forgotten crisis.
Poor belg rains raise concerns for areas in Ethiopia where there have been three poor or failed cropping seasons
Despite the generally good prevailing conditions approximately 16M people remain in crisis or emergency (IPC Phase 3 & 4) in the region
KEY MESSAGES FROM THE FSNWG MEETING JANUARY 24, 2013 (FSNWG JAN 13)
While seasonal and generally good food security conditions reflect improvement in communities in the horn of Africa, we must bear in mind that good is a relative term. Beneath these relatively good conditions exists extreme levels of chronic food insecurity. As learned from Somalia in 2011, these conditions are potentially deadly.
In this issue:
- Regional Food Security Situation and Outlook - Key highlights from the FSNWG meeting November 15th
- Hotspots to watch
- Rainfall, flood and El Nino update
- Market Analysis Sub-Group report on informal, regional trade in food commodities and OXFAM’s experience of engaging markets to promote business development in Turkana.
Key Messages from the FSNWG meeting held September 20, 2012 (FSNWG, 20/09/12)
The normal to above normal rainfall predictions for the October-to-December seasonal rains in several parts of the region is expected to have a positive impact on crop and livestock productivity, except in flood prone areas.
The expected rains coupled with good food security interventions can lead to improved nutrition levels and food security for populations in the region.
The El Niño/La Niña–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Alert System is currently on “El Niño Watch” status, with all leading Global Climate Centre’s (GCC’s) indicating increased likelihood for its occurrence by October - September 2012. The El Niño would be expected to continue into early next year.
From drought to floods — climate variability still impacting on vulnerable pastoral and agricultural communities.
The Eastern sector of the region has suddenly shifted from experi-encing severe drought to floods. This feature is a constant and urgent reminder of climate variability impacting on the most vulnerable pastoral and marginal agricultural communities.
Regional food security situation and outlook
Drought conditions severely impacting food security in the eastern part of the region
The very poor rainfall performance and temporal distribution registered in March and April has caused serious dry conditions over several areas of the eastern part of the region, negatively affecting cropping and pastoral seasons.
Sixty-three food commodities and livestock were traded across the borders of eastern Africa countries in 2010
Approximately 330,000 MT of cereals and 109,000 MT of pulses were traded. Seventy-six percent is this trade was formal, and 24 percent informal
Uganda and Ethiopia were the key export countries while Kenya and Northern Sudan were the main importers
August and December were the peak trading months following the main harvesting season in the source countries
This document has 2 pages.
Areas of high concern persist despite overall regional improvement
Overall, the food security situation in the region is still slightly improving, confirming the trend registered over the past 3-4 months. Those improvements follow the above-normal to normal harvests from the past long rains season and good rangeland conditions.
However, despite those improvements, areas of high concern persist in the region.
Call for Preemptive action to protect Livelihoods from confirmed La Niña event
- Preemptive action is needed to protect livelihoods & avoid later costly lifesavings emergency interventions.
- The FSNWG calls for The Humanitarian Community (donors, UN, NGOs) to be prepared NOW at regional & country levels.
- Focus should be on contingency planning & fun mobilization.