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14 May 2015 description

Summary

By the end of 2014, significant progress had been made towards each of the Endgame Plan’s four objectives; the world has never been in a better position to eradicate polio.

As the GPEI enters 2015, efforts are being intensified to build on this progress and stop polio once and for all.

Capitalizing on progress in Nigeria, against outbreaks in central Africa and the Horn of Africa, and against two out of three strains of wild poliovirus

19 Feb 2015 description

Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided

In this issue:

27 Jan 2015 description
report UN Children's Fund

New study on child poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Two thirds of children in sub-Saharan Africa experience multiple deprivations

New UNICEF study provides extensive new data and analysis of multidimensional child poverty

05 Jan 2015 description

Countries in Africa have been working on improving their preparedness in the event of an Ebola outbreak. The WHO teams have provided simulated exercises in hospitals and technical training, for immediate emergency response and communication.

Mamo Jatta is a Regional Public Health and Surveillance Officer in The Gambia and, like many people living near Ebola affected countries, he is concerned the disease will enter his own country, “I recently visited the town where I grew up and wondered what would happen if Ebola were to hit us here, would we be ready for it?”

05 Jan 2015 description

Les pays d’Afrique s’emploient à améliorer leur préparation en cas de flambée d’Ebola. Les équipes de l’OMS ont procédé à des exercices de simulation dans les hôpitaux et dispensé une formation technique concernant l’intervention d’urgence et la communication.

31 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

· There have been 20 206 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7905 reported deaths.

· Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia, although Liberia reported more cases in the week ending 28 December than in the previous week.

· There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. However, the west of the country is still experiencing the most intense transmission of all affected countries.

· The United Kingdom has reported its first confirmed case of Ebola.

24 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • There have been 19 497 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7588 reported deaths.

  • Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.

  • There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone, although the country’s west is now experiencing the most intense transmission in the affected countries. Response efforts have been strengthened to curb the spread of disease in the area.

SUMMARY

17 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • There have been 18 603 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 6915 reported deaths.

  • Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.

  • There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. A major operation has been implemented to curb the spread of disease in the west of the country.

  • No new cases have been reported in Mali since 24 November. All contacts of the outbreak in Bamako have completed the 21-day follow-up period.

09 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Les taux d’infection d’Ebola ralentissent au Liberia et se stabilisent en Guinée mais continuent d’augmenter en Sierra Leone. De nouveaux cas enregistrés dans la capitale du Mali, Bamako.

  • 700 000 PDI enregistrés au nordest du Nigeria, dans les états d’Adamawa, Borno, et Yobe.

  • En trois jours consécutifs, près de 15 000 personnes fuient le Nigeria pour se réfugier à Diffa, Niger, suite à l’attaque d’une ville à la frontière.

09 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Ebola infection rates slowing down in Liberia, leveling-off in Guinea, increasing in Sierra Leone. New cases reported in the Malian capital, Bamako.

  • 700,000 IDPs registered in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states in Northeast Nigeria.

  • Nearly 15,000 people fleeing Nigeria for Diffa, Niger, in three days after border town attack.

  • Over USD$11 million of humanitarian goods lost in Burkina Faso.

  • 1,000 people evacuated after volcano eruption in Cabo Verde.

30 Nov 2014 description

Key Messages

In West Africa, staple food markets were well supplied in October with carryover stocks and early grain, tuber, and legume harvests. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in deficit areas of Niger, Chad, and Mauritania and conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria. The Ebola outbreak has led to both official and voluntary restrictions on the movement of goods and people in affected countries, resulting in atypical market trends in some areas.

26 Nov 2014 description
  • In response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in South Sudan, over 19,000 children were vaccinated last week in Bentiu Poc, where the two cases were reported. Outbreak response plans are in place to hold three rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas to stop transmission of the virus.

13 Nov 2014 description
  • In Madagascar, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed. The virus was isolated from one case of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with onset of paralysis on 29 September, and from three healthy contacts. An estimated more than 25% of children remain under-immunized against polio in the country. Madagascar was previously affected by a cVDPV2 outbreak in 2001/2002 (resulting in five cases) and in 2005 (resulting in three cases). Emergency outbreak response is being finalized, with campaigns to be held in December and January.

24 Oct 2014 description

Second-season dryness continues in Haiti, flooding risks remain in Central America and South Sudan

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. As the rainy season in Senegal comes to an end and harvesting begins, reduced crop yields due to this summer’s poorly distributed rainfall and delayed onset of the rainy season in July could become evident.

22 Oct 2014 description
  • Torrential rains continued across much of saturated and flood-affected South Sudan.

  • Bi-modal regions of the Gulf of Guinea observed a second week of below-average rain.

1) As the rainfall season ends across Senegal and harvesting begins, impacts from poorly distributed rains during the summer months and a delayed onset to the rainfall season in July which resulted in deteriorated conditions could impact crop yields.

11 Oct 2014 description
  1. Despite a return of seasonally normal rainfall during August, moisture deficits persist in northwestern Senegal. The delayed onset of the season in July has resulted in poor growing conditions and crop development.

  2. Poor July rains in several local areas of Mali have resulted in poor crop and pastoral conditions. August and September rains have improved ground conditions, although the rainy season is quickly coming to a close.