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31 Dec 2008 description

EAST AFRICA: October- December rains began on time but ended early in south- central Somalia, northeastern and southeastern Kenya, and in parts of southeastern Ethiopia, negatively affecting crop prospects and pasture in these areas. In south- central Soma lia, increased civil insecurity and rampant sea piracy also continue to exacerbate existing food insecurity through displacement, dis ruption of both commercial and humanitarian food imports, and restrictions on food access among already impoverished popula tions.

31 Dec 2008 description

Executive Summary

In response to the dramatic rise of global food prices since 2007, WFP has been providing funding and technical support to WFP staff and partners to assess the impact of higher prices and structural vulnerabilities and a growing and 'new face of hunger'.

31 Dec 2008 description

This price watch bulletin covers the quarterly period from September to November 2008. The objective of the bulletin is to provide early warning information on price changes of staple food commodities and their likely impact on the cost of the food basket. Price changes are determined for each country on a quarterly basis.

Highlights:

- Prices still remain significantly higher compared to last year and long term averages, especially in Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and Middle East.

18 Dec 2008 description

Highlights of a new FAO report

- As the year draws to a close, FAO's latest estimates confirm that a new record high level of global cereal production was achieved in 2008, sufficient to cover the expected increase in utilization in 2008/09 and also allow for a moderate replenishment of world reserves.

- Most of the increase in production this year has been among the developed countries, with that in the developing countries rising just marginally.

17 Nov 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

Asia and the Pacific

Problem Statement/Context: The Asia Pacific region has an emergency profile characterized by a combination of natural disasters, civil/political unrest with pockets of conflict situations, and recent emerging new global threats such as high food and fuel prices crisis, the threat of pandemic influenza and other emerging diseases.

30 Sep 2008 description
report World Bank

Foreword

When the World Bank published Rolling Back Malaria: The World Bank Global Strategy and Booster Program in 2005, the world had what now seems like a modest goal of halving malaria deaths in Africa by 2010. At the time, many thought that target unrealistic and doubted the commitment of both African and global partners to achieving it. Since then, an influx of new funding, new partners, and remarkable successes in several Sub- Saharan African countries have re energized the global malaria control movement.

24 Sep 2008 description

FEWS NET overviews

For an analysis of conditions in Southern Africa, see back page

ETHIOPIA: While the start of the green harvest in crop producing areas has modestly improved food security, southern and south eastern Ethiopia remain highly to extremely food insecure following successive below- average rains, water shortages, crop failure, high food prices, and security- related restrictions in Somali region.

18 Sep 2008 description

Instead of the usual depiction of conflicts as countrywide and defined by national boundaries, this map displays distinct conflict-affected areas in Africa as sub-national and transnational pockets of insecurity, violence, and armed aggression.  Areas of conflict were drawn around locations of reported conflict incidents in 2007 and 2008, as well as concentrations of internally displaced persons and cross-border rebel bases and refugee camps in neighboring countries.

31 Aug 2008 description

Africa Conflict and Humanitarian Unit (ACHU)

Summary of key findings

- Total spend in 2007/8 was =A3205m, a decline from =A3236m in 2006/7. However using adjusted figures the amount is broadly similar for both years. Both these years' spend was less than the exceptional 2005/6, when it peaked at =A3264m.

- Year on year trend: there has been a 10-15 % decline since the peak spend in 2005/6 of =A3264m.

- The top five recipient countries of DFID humanitarian aid are Sudan, DRC, Zimbabwe, Uganda and Somalia.

31 Jul 2008 description

The UN system has rapidly taken note of the seriousness of the challenges to world food security by the recent dramatic escalation of the food price crisis worldwide and recognized the need for Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA) to address the crisis and its root causes.

The UN System has mobilized to provide a common response to the crisis that takes into account the comparative advantages of all stakeholders.

25 Jul 2008 description

HIGHLIGHTS

- World cereal production in 2008 is forecast to increase 2.8 percent to a record 2 180 million tonnes. Most of the increase is in wheat following significant expansion in plantings in all regions. Coarse grains output is expected around the bumper level of last year but lower than earlier anticipated due to severe floods in the United States, the world's largest producer and exporter. Rice is tentatively forecast to increase slightly from last year's good level.

- Despite the anticipated increase in world output, cereal markets will remain tight in 2008/09.

30 Jun 2008 description

FOCUS

All agricultural commodities covered in this report are of critical importance to global food and feed markets. They constitute much of the world's food consumption, generate income to farmers and represent the largest portion of food import expenditures across the world.

25 Jun 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

FOREWORD

In 2007, natural and man-made disasters continued to take a toll on the lives of people.

01 Jun 2008 description


Part I: Operational Requirements and Shortfalls

Overview of the 2008 Programme of Work

As the second semester of 2008 begins, the World Food Programme continues to focus its attention on the more than 81 million beneficiaries requiring food assistance. The total cost of 2008 activities is just over US$4.78 billion. Considering carry-over stocks and resources mobilized so far in 2008, and considering US$1 billion for prepositioning of food stocks for 2009, the total shortfall at this time of the year is US$2.71 billion.

28 May 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

Introduction

Child survival in Africa: Communities unite to find solutions

Every year, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) publishes The State of the World's Children, the most comprehensive and authoritative report on the world's youngest citizens.

28 May 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

Achievements Offer New Prospects for Success in Global Efforts to Help Africa's Children

TOKYO, 28 May 2008 - UNICEF today called for large-scale, focused investments in improved health systems for sub-Saharan Africa, to capitalize on recent achievements and help children who have inadequate access to health care.

The call came as the children's agency launched its first The State of Africa's Children 2008 report at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development …

28 May 2008 description
report UN Children's Fund

Survie de l'enfant - Le bilan

Mortalité infantile en dessus et en dessous du Sahara

Le continent africain est divisé par le Sahara, le plus grand désert du monde, et cette démarcation n'est pas seulement géographique. Dans les pays situés essentiellement au nord du Sahara - Algérie, Égypte, Jamahiriya arabe libyenne, Maroc et Tunisie - le taux moyen de mortalité des enfants de moins de 5 ans en 2006 était de 35 pour 1 000 naissances vivantes, ce qui signifie qu'au cours de cette année particulière, environ 1 enfant sur 29 est mort avant son cinquième anniversaire.

30 Apr 2008 description

HIGHLIGHTS

- World cereal production in 2008 is forecast to increase 2.6 percent to a record 2 164 million tonnes. The bulk of the increase is expected to be in wheat following significant expansion in plantings in major producing countries. Coarse grains output is tentatively forecast to remain around the bumper level of last year. Rice production is foreseen to increase slightly reflecting production incentives in several Asian countries.

10 Apr 2008 description

Investing in long-term food security projects in Africa is key to fight some of the root causes of hunger and malnutrition, says the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies as it launches a new five-year strategy to scale up food security programmes in 15 African countries. The new plan, announced today in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, will be financed through an appeal for 45 million Swiss francs (US$ 43.5 million / € 28.5 million) over the next five years.

10 Apr 2008 description

L'investissement à long terme dans des projets de sécurité alimentaire en Afrique est crucial pour traiter certaines des causes profondes de la faim et de la malnutrition, affirme la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge qui lance une nouvelle stratégie quinquennale en vue de renforcer les programmes de sécurité alimentaire dans quinze pays du continent.