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28 Jan 2014 description

Question

Democratic governance initiatives - policy advocacy: Links between democratic governance initiatives and poverty reduction: Please identify some examples of successful democratic governance interventions with a specific focus on supporting policy advocacy, and how do these interventions impact on poverty reduction? Please do a short literature review with an emphasis on lessons learnt. Please also identify and summarise evaluations of implemented development programmes.

Helpdesk response

31 Dec 2013 description

Executive Summary

In 2009, an estimated 400 000 children were newly infected with HIV, with 90% of infections occurring in children in sub-Saharan Africa through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Without any intervention, the risk of MTCT ranges from 20% to 45%; without any treatment, half of the babies will die before their second birthday. About 42 000 to 60 000 of pregnant women die from HIV. In contrast, in high-income countries, the number of new infections among children as well as the number of maternal and child deaths due to HIV are virtually zero.

20 Dec 2013 description

The synthesis report by FAO’s Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) team, is the first ever attempt to systematically analyse agriculture and food security policies in several African countries, using common methodology over years. The report found that in the period between 2005 and 2010, the policy environment and performance of domestic markets depressed producer prices in the ten African countries analysed, though the trend is improving.

22 Nov 2013 description

In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and October 2013, as well as the ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States is provided.

Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region

21 Nov 2013 description

CONTENTS

IN BRIEF

  • Legal Aid
  • Pooling the Risk
  • Mapping the Big Picture
  • Farm Bill Follies
  • Détente in the Dairy Sector?
  • On Tap
  • Talking with Morten Jerven

IN FOCUS

  • Coming and Going
  • Saving for a Sunny Day
  • A Bigger Toolbox

IN PERSON

  • Putting a Price Tag on Land Degradation

FEATURE

  • What’s Politics Got to Do with It?

IN NUMBERS

31 Oct 2013 description
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Monthly Price Watch
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Price Watch Annex

KEY MESSAGES

  • In West Africa, cereals trade between the region’s surplus and deficit zones increased in September. Staple food prices remained stable throughout most of the central basin in September as producers and traders sold remaining stocks from above-average 2012 harvests. Cereal prices were stable or increased in many structurally-deficit areas as the lean season can to an end. Rice imports from international markets contributed to adequate food availability the Western Basin (Pages 3-5).

30 Oct 2013 description

An increase in rain across South Africa reduces early season rainfall deficits.

18 Oct 2013 description

The Global Food Security update provides a quarterly overview of key food security trends in vulnerable countries. Information is provided by WFP VAM field teams and partners.

In focus

• In Syria, revised estimates indicate that the number of IDPs has risen to 6.5 million from 4.25 million in July. Vulnerability is increasing due to conflict, reduced economic activity, reduced crop production and high prices. As of October, UNHCR reports that over 2 million Syrians had found refuge in neighboring countries.

16 Oct 2013 description

1) Since June, insufficient and poorly-distributed rainfall has led to large rainfall deficits across the Gulf of Guinea countries and has reduced maize yields in Ghana, southern Togo and in southwestern Nigeria. Although seasonal rainfall has increased during the second peak of the bi-modal rainfall season, below average thirty and sixty day rainfall totals have continued. Average rainfall is forecast during the next week.

09 Oct 2013 description

 After a week of heavy rain, rains across bi-modal West Africa were light and below-average.

 Anomalous heavy early-season rainfall was observed across much of Mozambique.

04 Oct 2013 description

Résumé analytique

Les responsables des Instituts statistiques nationaux ont convenu, dans la Déclaration d’Accra de 2008, d’intégrer le PCI dans leurs travaux statistiques usuels. Un PCI annuel à grande échelle n’étant pas envisageable pour la plupart des pays, la BAD a développé un programme réduit visant à faire des mises à jour annuelles des dernières comparaisons de référence et à aider les pays à renforcer leurs capacités statistiques dans les domaines clés de la comptabilité nationale et des statistiques de prix.

02 Oct 2013 description

Heavy rains were observed across dry areas in bi-modal regions along the Gulf of Guinea.

1) A pronounced late start of seasonal rainfall in July has delayed planting by approximately one month and has reduced crop yields across many parts of Sudan. The onset of continuous seasonal rainfall during September and October now remains critical for several local areas that have planted late. However, with seasonal rains quickly coming to an end, little time remains for additional rainfall.

25 Sep 2013 description

 Some relief to dryness is expected across the Gulf of Guinea region during the end of September.

1) A pronounced late start of seasonal rainfall in July has delayed planting by approximately one month and has reduced crop yields across many parts of Sudan. The onset of continuous seasonal rainfall during mid to late September now remains critical for several local areas that have planted late.

11 Sep 2013 description

1) The onset of the rainy season was delayed by more than four weeks across southeastern Sudan, northwestern Ethiopia, and southern Eritrea. This has delayed planting, reduced planting areas, and negatively impacted crops across the region. Though an increase in rainfall has been observed since the beginning of August, seasonal rainfall deficits have been sustained over many local areas.

04 Sep 2013 description

1) The onset of the rainy season was delayed by more than four weeks across southeastern Sudan, northwestern Ethiopia, and southern Eritrea. This has delayed planting, reduced planting areas, and negatively impacted crops across the region. Though an increase in rainfall has been observed since the beginning of August, seasonal rainfall deficits have been sustained over many local areas.

03 Sep 2013 description

Le gouvernement danois a annoncé sa volonté d’apporter une contribution de 10 millions de couronnes danoises (près de 1,8 millions de dollars US) au Fonds pour l'accélération du développement agricole en Afrique (FADA) afin d'activer les investissements en infrastructures agricoles sur le continent.

28 Aug 2013 description

 A slight reduction in rainfall was observed across West Africa, while seasonal rains continued over eastern Africa during the past week.

21 Aug 2013 description

 A favorable distribution of rainfall was observed across a wide portion of Africa during the past week.

1) A delayed start of the rainfall season across northwestern Ethiopia, southern Eritrea, and bordering areas in Sudan has negatively impacted cropping activities, including planting. After this past week’s heavy rainfall, moderate rains are forecast during the next outlook period, which could help to alleviate dryness over the region.

14 Aug 2013 description
  • Rainfall deficits grow along the Gulf of Guinea, while dryness persists in eastern Sudan.

1) A delayed start of the rainfall season across northwestern Ethiopia, southern Eritrea, and bordering areas in Sudan has begun to negatively impact cropping activities, including planting. Heavy rains are, however, forecast during the next outlook period, which could provide some relief to dry conditions throughout the region.