Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Change and Continuity in Protests and Political Violence PM Abiy’s Ethiopia
- Ethiopia: The 2018 HDRP is facing a US$416.4 million funding shortfall to cover needs until the end of the year
- Helping Ethiopia Achieve Green Growth and Avoid Industrialised Nations’ Environmental Mistakes
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 65 | 01-14 October 2018
UNHCR delivers lifesaving assistance to respond to the increased Eritrean influx following the reopening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Ethiopia is experiencing an increase in the number of internally displaced people. In total, over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia are currently internally displaced.
UNHCR enhances registration data and has frozen refugee figures as of 31 August 2018.
Hence all figures in this Operation Update are as of August 2018.
UNHCR delivers lifesaving aid to respond to the increased Eritrean influx
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
The reopening of the border crossing points between Eritrea and Ethiopia has resulted in a significant increase in the number of new arrivals from Eritrea, with the average daily rate of arrivals increasing from 53 to approximately 390 individuals. Between 12 September and 02 October 2018, a total of 6,779 refugees were registered at the Endabaguna Reception Centre with a further 2,725 others at the border points awaiting relocation to Endabaguna. Approximately 4,000 have already been transferred to the camps.
Following the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship, signed on July 09, 2018 by the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea, two border crossing points were reopened on 11 September 2018.
The reopening of these border crossing points has resulted in an increase in the number of new arrivals from Eritrea, with the average daily rate of arrivals increasing from an average of 50 individuals to approximately 180 individuals. Between 12 and 20 September, 2018, a total of 1,700 refugees were registered at the Endabaguna Reception Centre.
The Ethiopian Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan for 2018, currently estimates that 7.9 million people need food and cash assistance, 6.86 million people need water,sanitation and hygiene support, 6 million are at risk of communicable diseases, an estimated 350,111 children require treatment for severe acute malnutrition, and 340,000 (estimated 90,000 children) vulnerable people require protection from gender based violence and exploitation. Ethiopia has the second largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in Africa, nearly 923,863.
• Approximately 141,410 people were displaced in Somali region after conflict erupted on 4 August. The conflict led to the exodus of government personnel, leaving essential services significantly understaffed. This in turn created pressing and urgent humanitarian needs for children and women in the region.
• Through UNICEF support, 134,446 people in Gedeo-West Guji received essential and life-saving health care services and 30,579 children under 5 years were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
- In August, UNHCR provided 14,800 emergency kits to internally displaced Ethiopians in South Ethiopia. UNHCR has procured a total of 50,000 emergency kits with funding from CERF (UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund).
- Ethiopian Government held consultations on the new National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS) which consolidates Ethiopia’s commitment to improve the lives of both refugees and host communities.
5,467 mt of food assistance distributed
US$103.5 million, six months (August 2018-January 2019) net funding requirements, representing 46% of total
1.6 million people assisted in July 2018*
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
▪ Renewed inter communal violence in Gedeo-West Guji since 3 June has displaced 1,010,934 people.
▪ The government and humanitarian partners have launched a multisector response plan for Gedeo-West Guji with a funding requirement of US$ 117.7 million.
▪ With UNICEF’s support, 140,720 children under five have received treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) between January and May 2018.
928,663 Registered refugees and asylumseekers (to 30 June 2018)
59% Of the refugees are under 18 years old
34,509 New arrivals in 2018
Peace and reconciliation conference to end Gedeo-Guji IDPs crisis
- UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund allocates US$15 million to support the scale-up of assistance for the Gedeo-West Guji displacement crisis in Ethiopia.
UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund allocates US$15 million to Ethiopia
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
• The national multiagency and multisector mid-year needs assessment started on 23 June in five regions (Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Tigray, Somali), except SNNPR.
• Upon the request of the SNNP Regional Government, the start of the assessment in the region was postponed twice. The assessment in SNNPR is expected to start on 7 July.
• More than 818,000 Gedeo-West Guji conflict IDPs require life-saving assistance for at least the next six months.
National mid-year needs assessment ongoing
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners released their humanitarian funding priorities for the next six months, asking for US$280.4 million for immediate support in all sectors, prioritizing internally displaced people.
Ethiopia has increased its preparedness level to avoid the importation of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) following the outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering over 920,262 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 May 2018.
- In the first five months of 2018, 29,211 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 4,436 in May. They include 2,157 refugees from South Sudan and 2,094 from Eritrea.
The Government of Ethiopia, humanitarian and development actors and UNHCR launch regional CRRF, beginning in Benishangul-Gumuz, with other regions to follow in May.
15,694 South Sudanese refugees have been registered in Ethiopia since the beginning of year.
40,000 new students have been enrolled in early, primary, secondary and tertiary education, as Ethiopia strives to achieve its ambitious education pledge.
Regional CRRF Launches
▪ Floods in the Somali region have affected approximately 163,500 people, with much of the affected area now inaccessible. UNICEF is scaling up its health, water, sanitation and hygiene activities to help prevent and quickly respond to disease outbreaks in affected communities.
▪ In Gedeo Zone, SNNPR, and West Guji, Oromia a conflict was re-ignited between ethnic Gedeo and Guji (Oromos) resulting in 300,000 people being displaced (unconfirmed). A joint multi-agency assessment led by Government is yet to be conducted.
3.7 million people in the Somali Region are being assisted through WFP’s emergency relief assistance
US$6 m distributed through cash based transfers
US$154 m six months net funding requirement (Apr - Sept 2018)
5.4 million people assisted in March 2018
• According to the Humanitarian Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP), 7.88 million people in Ethiopia will require food assistance in 2018.