Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #10 – Reporting Period: October 2018
- Ethiopia - Council conclusions (19 November 2018)
- Ethiopia to vaccinate more than 1 million people against yellow fever
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
Recurrent droughts in pastoral Ethiopia have exposed the critical feed shortage that prevails in the country. Between 2000 and 2017, six drought episodes have been registered in the country, of which the latest two (in 2011 and 2016/17) had devastating effects on pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods. The problem emanates from the continued reliance of herders on natural rain-fed pasture, despite a host of factors that are accelerating the scarcity of such resources.
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:
764,145 displaced individuals comprising 127,299 households in 347 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region*. These figures represent a decrease of 68,507 in the total individuals (-8.23%) a decrease of 621 households (-0.49%) and an increase of 9 sites (+2.66%) since round 9 (January/February 2018). 67.72% sites opened in 2017 and 2.02% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 56% of the displaced population.
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
Large scale failure of the rains during October and November 2016 led to severe drought conditions across Somalia, northern and eastern Kenya and southeast Ethiopia, resulting in extensive growing season failures and record low vegetation.
The Horn of Africa and Ethiopia specifically are prone to cyclical droughts and flooding linked to the global El Niño and La Niña climate phenomena.
THE IMPACT OF ETHIOPIA’S DROUGHT ON CHILDREN’S EDUCATION
A snapshot of the current situation
Nearly 6 million school children’s education could be affected by Ethiopia’s worst drought in 50 years.
The root cause of school dropout is food and water scarcity. If food and water is restored to schools, children will return.
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$588.3 million of humanitarian assistance to Ethiopia since the start of 2016.
The US is currently the largest donor to Ethiopia, contributing 44% of total funding so far in 2016 (US$259.6 million). The five largest donors account for 76% of current reported funding in 2016.
1 Background Information
Ethiopia is facing a massive drought and food insecurity crisis. The impact of failed rains and droughts have been worsened by the 2015 El Niño, which itself has been supercharged by climate change. Urgent humanitarian action is needed to support millions of people who have lost food, water and livelihoods. And long-term investment is needed so that communities can become more resilient and reduce their vulnerability to weather events in the future.
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$560.8 million of humanitarian assistance to Ethiopia since the start of 2015.
The United States (US) is the largest donor to Ethiopia, contributing 47% of funding in 2015 (US$262.1 million).
US$201.9 million was committed/contributed to the food sector in 2015, making it the second-best-funded sector with 36% of the total.